Provided by: shorewall_220.127.116.11-1_all
exclusion - Exclude a set of hosts from a definition in a shorewall
The first form of exclusion is used when you wish to exclude one or
more addresses from a definition. An exclaimation point is followed by
a comma-separated list of addresses. The addresses may be single host
addresses (e.g., 192.168.1.4) or they may be network addresses in CIDR
format (e.g., 192.168.1.0/24). If your kernel and iptables include
iprange support, you may also specify ranges of ip addresses of the
No embedded whitespace is allowed.
Exclusion can appear after a list of addresses and/or address ranges.
In that case, the final list of address is formed by taking the first
list and then removing the addresses defined in the exclusion.
Beginning in Shorewall 4.4.13, the second form of exclusion is allowed
after all and any in the SOURCE and DEST columns of
/etc/shorewall/rules. It allows you to omit arbitrary zones from the
list generated by those key words.
If you omit a sub-zone and there is an explicit or explicit
CONTINUE policy, a connection to/from that zone can still be
matched by the rule generated for a parent zone.
#SOURCE DEST POLICY
z1 net CONTINUE
z2 net REJECT
#ACTION SOURCE DEST PROTO DEST
ACCEPT all!z2 net tcp 22
In this case, SSH connections from z2 to net will be accepted by
the generated z1 to net ACCEPT rule.
In most contexts, ipset names can be used as an address-or-range.
Beginning with Shorewall 4.4.14, ipset lists enclosed in +[...] may
also be included (see shorewall-ipsets (5)). The semantics of these
lists when used in an exclusion are as follows:
· !+[set1,set2,...setN] produces a packet match if the packet does
not match at least one of the sets. In other words, it is like NOT
match set1 OR NOT match set2 ... OR NOT match setN.
· +[!set1,!set2,...!setN] produces a packet match if the packet does
not match any of the sets. In other words, it is like NOT match
set1 AND NOT match set2 ... AND NOT match setN.
Example 1 - All IPv4 addresses except 192.168.3.4
Example 2 - All IPv4 addresses except the network 192.168.1.0/24 and
the host 10.2.3.4
Example 3 - All IPv4 addresses except the range
192.168.1.3-192.168.1.12 and the network 10.0.0.0/8
Example 4 - The network 192.168.1.0/24 except hosts 192.168.1.3 and
Example 5 - All parent zones except loc
shorewall(8), shorewall-accounting(5), shorewall-actions(5),
shorewall-blacklist(5), shorewall-hosts(5), shorewall_interfaces(5),
shorewall-ipsets(5), shorewall-maclist(5), shorewall-masq(5),
shorewall-nat(5), shorewall-netmap(5), shorewall-params(5),
shorewall-policy(5), shorewall-providers(5), shorewall-proxyarp(5),
shorewall-rules(5), shorewall.conf(5), shorewall-secmarks(5),
shorewall-tcclasses(5), shorewall-tcdevices(5), shorewall-tcrules(5),
shorewall-tos(5), shorewall-tunnels(5), shorewall-zones(5)
[FIXME: source] 12/13/2011 SHOREWALL-EXCLUSION(5)