Provided by: shorewall_4.4.26.1-1_all bug

NAME

       hosts - Shorewall file

SYNOPSIS

       /etc/shorewall/hosts

DESCRIPTION

       This file is used to define zones in terms of subnets and/or individual IP addresses. Most
       simple setups don't need to (should not) place anything in this file.

       The order of entries in this file is not significant in determining zone composition.
       Rather, the order that the zones are declared in shorewall-zones[1](5) determines the
       order in which the records in this file are interpreted.

           Warning
           The only time that you need this file is when you have more than one zone connected
           through a single interface.

           Warning
           If you have an entry for a zone and interface in shorewall-interfaces[2](5) then do
           not include any entries in this file for that same (zone, interface) pair.

       The columns in the file are as follows.

       ZONE - zone-name
           The name of a zone declared in shorewall-zones[1](5). You may not list the firewall
           zone in this column.

       HOST(S) - interface:{[{address-or-range[,address-or-range]...|+ipset|dynamic}[exclusion]
           The name of an interface defined in the shorewall-interfaces[2](5) file followed by a
           colon (":") and a comma-separated list whose elements are either:

            1. The IP address of a host.

            2. A network in CIDR format.

            3. An IP address range of the form low.address-high.address. Your kernel and iptables
               must have iprange match support.

            4. The name of an ipset.

            5. The word dynamic which makes the zone dynamic in that you can use the shorewall
               add and shorewall delete commands to change to composition of the zone.

           You may also exclude certain hosts through use of an exclusion (see
           shorewall-exclusion[3](5).

       OPTIONS (Optional) - [option[,option]...]
           A comma-separated list of options from the following list. The order in which you list
           the options is not significant but the list must have no embedded white space.

           maclist
               Connection requests from these hosts are compared against the contents of
               shorewall-maclist[4](5). If this option is specified, the interface must be an
               ethernet NIC or equivalent and must be up before Shorewall is started.

           routeback
               Shorewall should set up the infrastructure to pass packets from this/these
               address(es) back to themselves. This is necessary if hosts in this group use the
               services of a transparent proxy that is a member of the group or if DNAT is used
               to send requests originating from this group to a server in the group.

           blacklist
               This option is deprecated in Shorewall 4.4.25 in favor of entries in
               shorewall-blrules[5] (5) or in the BLACKLIST section of shorewall-rules[6](5).

               Check packets arriving on this port against the shorewall-blacklist[7](5) file.

           tcpflags
               Packets arriving from these hosts are checked for certain illegal combinations of
               TCP flags. Packets found to have such a combination of flags are handled according
               to the setting of TCP_FLAGS_DISPOSITION after having been logged according to the
               setting of TCP_FLAGS_LOG_LEVEL.

           nosmurfs
               This option only makes sense for ports on a bridge.

               Filter packets for smurfs (packets with a broadcast address as the source).

               Smurfs will be optionally logged based on the setting of SMURF_LOG_LEVEL in
               shorewall.conf[8](5). After logging, the packets are dropped.

           ipsec
               The zone is accessed via a kernel 2.6 ipsec SA. Note that if the zone named in the
               ZONE column is specified as an IPSEC zone in the shorewall-zones[1](5) file then
               you do NOT need to specify the 'ipsec' option here.

           broadcast
               Used when you want to include limited broadcasts (destination IP address
               255.255.255.255) from the firewall to this zone. Only necessary when:

                1. The network specified in the HOST(S) column does not include 255.255.255.255.

                2. The zone does not have an entry for this interface in
                   shorewall-interfaces[2](5).

           destonly
               Normally used with the Multi-cast IP address range (224.0.0.0/4). Specifies that
               traffic will be sent to the specified net(s) but that no traffic will be received
               from the net(s).

EXAMPLES

       Example 1
           The firewall runs a PPTP server which creates a ppp interface for each remote client.
           The clients are assigned IP addresses in the network 192.168.3.0/24 and in a zone
           named 'vpn'.

               #ZONE       HOST(S)               OPTIONS
               vpn         ppp+:192.168.3.0/24

FILES

       /etc/shorewall/hosts

SEE ALSO

       http://shorewall.net/configuration_file_basics.htm#Pairs

       shorewall(8), shorewall-accounting(5), shorewall-actions(5), shorewall-blacklist(5),
       shorewall_interfaces(5), shorewall-ipsets(5), shorewall-maclist(5), shorewall-masq(5),
       shorewall-nat(5), shorewall-nesting(5), shorewall-netmap(5), shorewall-params(5),
       shorewall-policy(5), shorewall-providers(5), shorewall-proxyarp(5),
       shorewall-route_rules(5), shorewall-routestopped(5), shorewall-rules(5),
       shorewall.conf(5), shorewall-secmarks(5), shorewall-tcclasses(5), shorewall-tcdevices(5),
       shorewall-tcrules(5), shorewall-tos(5), shorewall-tunnels(5), shorewall-zones(5)

NOTES

        1. shorewall-zones
           http://www.shorewall.net/manpages/shorewall-zones.html

        2. shorewall-interfaces
           http://www.shorewall.net/manpages/shorewall-interfaces.html

        3. shorewall-exclusion
           http://www.shorewall.net/manpages/shorewall-exclusion.html

        4. shorewall-maclist
           http://www.shorewall.net/manpages/shorewall-maclist.html

        5. shorewall-blrules
           http://www.shorewall.net/manpages/shorewall-blrules.html

        6. shorewall-rules
           http://www.shorewall.net/manpages/shorewall-rules.html

        7. shorewall-blacklist
           http://www.shorewall.net/manpages/shorewall-blacklist.html

        8. shorewall.conf
           http://www.shorewall.net/manpages/shorewall.conf.html

[FIXME: source]                             12/13/2011                         SHOREWALL-HOSTS(5)