Provided by: postfix_2.9.1-4_amd64 bug

NAME

       sqlite_table - Postfix SQLite configuration

SYNOPSIS

       postmap -q "string" sqlite:/etc/postfix/filename

       postmap -q - sqlite:/etc/postfix/filename <inputfile

DESCRIPTION

       The  Postfix mail system uses optional tables for address rewriting or mail routing. These
       tables are usually in dbm or db format.

       Alternatively, lookup tables can be specified as SQLite databases.  In order to use SQLite
       lookups, define an SQLite source as a lookup table in main.cf, for example:
           alias_maps = sqlite:/etc/sqlite-aliases.cf

       The  file  /etc/postfix/sqlite-aliases.cf has the same format as the Postfix main.cf file,
       and can specify the parameters described below.

BACKWARDS COMPATIBILITY

       For compatibility with other Postfix lookup tables, SQLite parameters can also be  defined
       in  main.cf.  In order to do that, specify as SQLite source a name that doesn't begin with
       a slash or a dot.  The SQLite parameters will then be accessible as the name you've  given
       the  source in its definition, an underscore, and the name of the parameter.  For example,
       if the map is specified as "sqlite:sqlitename",  the  parameter  "query"  below  would  be
       defined in main.cf as "sqlitename_query".

       Normally,  the  SQL  query  is  specified  via a single query parameter (described in more
       detail below).  When this parameter is  not  specified  in  the  map  definition,  Postfix
       reverts  to  an  older  interface,  with  the SQL query constructed from the select_field,
       table, where_field and  additional_conditions  parameters.   The  old  interface  will  be
       gradually phased out. To migrate to the new interface set:

           query = SELECT [select_field]
               FROM [table]
               WHERE [where_field] = '%s'
                   [additional_conditions]

       Insert   the   value,   not   the   name,   of   each  legacy  parameter.  Note  that  the
       additional_conditions parameter is optional and if not empty, will always start with AND.

LIST MEMBERSHIP

       When using SQL  to  store  lists  such  as  $mynetworks,  $mydestination,  $relay_domains,
       $local_recipient_maps,  etc., it is important to understand that the table must store each
       list member as a separate key. The table lookup verifies the *existence* of the  key.  See
       "Postfix lists versus tables" in the DATABASE_README document for a discussion.

       Do  NOT  create  tables  that  return  the  full  list  of  domains  in  $mydestination or
       $relay_domains etc., or IP addresses in $mynetworks.

       DO create tables with each matching item as a key and with an arbitrary  value.  With  SQL
       databases it is not uncommon to return the key itself or a constant value.

SQLITE PARAMETERS

       dbpath The SQLite database file location. Example:
                  dbpath = customer_database

       query  The  SQL  query  template used to search the database, where %s is a substitute for
              the address Postfix is trying to resolve, e.g.
                  query = SELECT replacement FROM aliases WHERE mailbox = '%s'

              This parameter supports the following '%' expansions:

              %%     This is replaced by a literal '%' character.

              %s     This is replaced by the input key.  SQL quoting is used to  make  sure  that
                     the input key does not add unexpected metacharacters.

              %u     When  the input key is an address of the form user@domain, %u is replaced by
                     the SQL quoted local part of the address.  Otherwise, %u is replaced by  the
                     entire  search  string.   If the localpart is empty, the query is suppressed
                     and returns no results.

              %d     When the input key is an address of the form user@domain, %d is replaced  by
                     the  SQL  quoted  domain  part  of  the  address.   Otherwise,  the query is
                     suppressed and returns no results.

              %[SUD] The upper-case equivalents of the  above  expansions  behave  in  the  query
                     parameter   identically   to   their  lower-case  counter-parts.   With  the
                     result_format parameter (see below), they expand the input key  rather  than
                     the result value.

              %[1-9] The  patterns  %1,  %2,  ...  %9  are  replaced  by  the  corresponding most
                     significant component of the  input  key's  domain.  If  the  input  key  is
                     user@mail.example.com,  then %1 is com, %2 is example and %3 is mail. If the
                     input key is unqualified or  does  not  have  enough  domain  components  to
                     satisfy  all  the specified patterns, the query is suppressed and returns no
                     results.

              The domain parameter described below limits the input keys to addresses in matching
              domains.  When  the  domain  parameter  is  non-empty,  SQL queries for unqualified
              addresses or addresses  in  non-matching  domains  are  suppressed  and  return  no
              results.

              This  parameter  is available with Postfix 2.2. In prior releases the SQL query was
              built  from  the  separate  parameters:  select_field,   table,   where_field   and
              additional_conditions.  The mapping from the old parameters to the equivalent query
              is:

                  SELECT [select_field]
                  FROM [table]
                  WHERE [where_field] = '%s'
                        [additional_conditions]

              The '%s' in the WHERE clause expands to the escaped search  string.   With  Postfix
              2.2 these legacy parameters are used if the query parameter is not specified.

              NOTE: DO NOT put quotes around the query parameter.

       result_format (default: %s)
              Format  template  applied  to  result  attributes. Most commonly used to append (or
              prepend) text to the result. This parameter supports the following '%' expansions:

              %%     This is replaced by a literal '%' character.

              %s     This is replaced by the value of the result attribute. When result is  empty
                     it is skipped.

              %u     When the result attribute value is an address of the form user@domain, %u is
                     replaced by the local part of the address. When  the  result  has  an  empty
                     localpart it is skipped.

              %d     When  a  result attribute value is an address of the form user@domain, %d is
                     replaced by the domain part of the  attribute  value.  When  the  result  is
                     unqualified it is skipped.

              %[SUD1-9]
                     The  upper-case  and  decimal  digit expansions interpolate the parts of the
                     input key rather than the  result.  Their  behavior  is  identical  to  that
                     described with query, and in fact because the input key is known in advance,
                     queries whose key does not contain all  the  information  specified  in  the
                     result template are suppressed and return no results.

              For  example,  using  "result_format  =  smtp:[%s]"  allows  one  to use a mailHost
              attribute as the basis of a transport(5) table. After applying the  result  format,
              multiple  values  are  concatenated as comma separated strings. The expansion_limit
              and parameter explained below allows one to restrict the number of  values  in  the
              result, which is especially useful for maps that must return at most one value.

              The default value %s specifies that each result value should be used as is.

              This parameter is available with Postfix 2.2 and later.

              NOTE: DO NOT put quotes around the result format!

       domain (default: no domain list)
              This  is  a  list of domain names, paths to files, or dictionaries. When specified,
              only fully qualified search keys with a *non-empty* localpart and a matching domain
              are  eligible for lookup: 'user' lookups, bare domain lookups and "@domain" lookups
              are not performed. This can significantly reduce  the  query  load  on  the  SQLite
              server.
                  domain = postfix.org, hash:/etc/postfix/searchdomains

              It is best not to use SQL to store the domains eligible for SQL lookups.

              This parameter is available with Postfix 2.2 and later.

              NOTE: DO NOT define this parameter for local(8) aliases, because the input keys are
              always unqualified.

       expansion_limit (default: 0)
              A limit on the total number of result elements returned (as a comma separated list)
              by  a  lookup  against the map.  A setting of zero disables the limit. Lookups fail
              with a temporary error if the limit is exceeded.  Setting the limit  to  1  ensures
              that lookups do not return multiple values.

OBSOLETE QUERY INTERFACE

       This  section  describes an interface that is deprecated as of Postfix 2.2. It is replaced
       by the more general query interface described above.  If the query parameter  is  defined,
       the  legacy parameters described here ignored.  Please migrate to the new interface as the
       legacy interface may be removed in a future release.

       The following parameters can be used to fill in a SELECT template statement of the form:

           SELECT [select_field]
           FROM [table]
           WHERE [where_field] = '%s'
                 [additional_conditions]

       The specifier %s is replaced by the search string, and is escaped so if it contains single
       quotes  or  other  odd  characters,  it will not cause a parse error, or worse, a security
       problem.

       select_field
              The SQL "select" parameter. Example:
                  select_field = forw_addr

       table  The SQL "select .. from" table name. Example:
                  table = mxaliases

       where_field
              The SQL "select .. where" parameter. Example:
                  where_field = alias

       additional_conditions
              Additional conditions to the SQL query. Example:
                  additional_conditions = AND status = 'paid'

SEE ALSO

       postmap(1), Postfix lookup table maintenance
       postconf(5), configuration parameters
       ldap_table(5), LDAP lookup tables
       mysql_table(5), MySQL lookup tables
       pgsql_table(5), PostgreSQL lookup tables

README FILES

       Use "postconf readme_directory" or "postconf html_directory" to locate this information.
       DATABASE_README, Postfix lookup table overview
       SQLITE_README, Postfix SQLITE howto

LICENSE

       The Secure Mailer license must be distributed with this software.

HISTORY

       SQLite support was introduced with Postfix version 2.8.

AUTHOR(S)

       Original implementation by:
       Axel Steiner

                                                                                  SQLITE_TABLE(5)