Provided by: tcpspy_1.7d-4_amd64 bug


       tcpspy.rules - configuration file for tcpspy


       This  file, by default /etc/tcpspy.rules, is read by the /etc/init.d/tcpspy script at init
       time in order to configure tcpspy (see tcpspy(8)) logger filtering rules.

       It might look like:

              # /etc/tcpspt.rules example
              user "joedoe" and rport 22 and raddr
              user 1003
              lport 22 or lport 21
              (lport 23 and user "joedoe") or raddr

       This rules file specifies that tcpspy logs tcp connections according to 4 rules (line 1 to
       line 4 - one per each line) using the boolean logic (see below) to evaluate each rule.

       This particular example logs conections:

       line 1 - for user "joedoe" connecting to (remote)

       line 2 - for user whose UID is 1003

       line 3 - to localhost:22 or localhost:21

       line 4 - for user "joedoe" to localhost:23 or to (remote)

       Everything from an "#" signal and the end of the line will not be evaluated.

   Rule Syntax - just extracted from tcpspy(8)
       A rule may be specified with the following comparison operators:

       user uid
              True  if  the  local  user initiating or accepting the connection has the effective
              user id uid.

       user "username"
              Same as above, but using a username instead of a user id.

       lport port
              True if the local end of the connection has port number port.

       lport [low] - [high]
              True if the local end of the connection has a port number greater than or equal  to
              low  and  less than or equal to high.  If the form low- is used, high is assumed to
              be 65535.  If the form -high is used, low is assumed to be 0. It  is  an  error  to
              omit both low and high.

       lport "service"
              Same  as  above,  but  using  a  service  name from /etc/services instead of a port

       rport  Same as lport but compares the port number of the remote end of the connection.

       laddr n.n.n.n[/m.m.m.m]
              Interpreted as a "net/mask" expression; true if "net" is equal to the  bitwise  AND
              of  the  local  address  of  the  connection and "mask". If no mask is specified, a
              default mask with all bits set ( is used.

       raddr  Same as laddr but compares the remote address.

       exe "pattern"
              True  if  the  full  filename  (including  directory)  of   the   executable   that
              created/accepted the connection matches pattern, a glob(7)-style wildcard pattern.

              The  pattern "" (an empty string) matches connections created/accepted by processes
              whose executable filename is unknown.

              If the -p option is not specified, a warning  message  will  be  printed,  and  the
              result of this comparison will always be true.

       Expressions  (including  the   comparisons  listed  above) may be joined together with the
       following logical operations:

       expr1 or expr2
              True if either of expr1 or expr2 are true (logical OR).

       expr1 and expr2
              True if both expr1 and expr2 are true (logical AND).

       not expr
              True if expr is false (logical NOT).

       Rules are evaluated from left to right. Whitespace (space, tab and newline) characters are
       ignored  between "words". Rules consisting of only whitespace match no connections, but do
       not cause an error.  Parentheses, '(' and ')' may be placed around expressions  to  affect
       the order of evaluation.

       These are some sample rules which further demonstrate how they are constructed:

       user "joe" and rport "ssh"
              Log connections made by user "joe" for the service "ssh".

       not raddr and rport 25 and (user "bob" or user "joe")
              Log  connections made by users "bob" and "joe" to remote port 25 on machines not on
              a fictional "intranet".


       Tim J. Robbins (tcpspy), Pablo Lorenzzoni (this manpage)


       glob(7), proc(5), services(5), signal(7), syslog(3), tcpspy(8)