Provided by: libxine1-doc_1.1.20-2build1_all bug

NAME

       xine - a free video player

MRL (media resource locator)

       MRLs  are similar to URLs in your web browser. They describe the media to read from. Valid
       MRLs may be plain file names or one of the following (see also the notes below):

       · Filesystem:
              file:<path>
              fifo:<path>
              stdin:/

       · CD and DVD:
              dvd:/[device_name][/title[.part]]
              dvd:/DVD_image_file[/title[.part]]
              dvd:/DVD_directory[/title[.part]]
                   (use the path of the directory which contains VIDEO_TS)
              vcd://[CD_image_or_device_name][@[letter]number]
              vcdo://track_number
              cdda:/[device][/track_number]

       · Video devices:
              v4l://[tuner_device/frequency]
              v4l2://tuner_device
              dvb://channel_number
                   (nth channel in your channels.conf)
              dvb://channel_name
              dvbc://channel_name:tuning_parameters
              dvbs://channel_name:tuning_parameters
              dvbt://channel_name:tuning_parameters
              dvba://channel_name:tuning_parameters
              pvr:/tmp_files_path!saved_files_path!max_page_age
                   (for WinTV PVR 250 and 350)

       · Network:
              http://host...
              tcp://host[:port]
              udp://host[:port[?iface=interface]]
              rtp://host[:port[?iface=interface]]
                   (default port for tcp, udp and rtp is 7658)
              smb://...
              mms://host...
              pnm://host...
              rtsp://host...  (requires Real codecs)

       Additional input plugins will provide additional MRL types.  The  ones  listed  above  are
       available with stock libxine.

       NOTE:  where  a  file name is required, the full path must be provided - from a shell, you
       can normally use "$PWD/file" or "$(pwd)/file" or  "`pwd`/file"  if  the  file  is  in  the
       current  directory. (Which one depends on your shell; all three work in bash. Also, normal
       URL encoding rules apply; `%', in particular, must be encoded as `%25'.)

       As of xine-lib 1.1.3, the DVD title number may be 0 (select navigation)  and  the  chapter
       number may be 0 (full title).

   VCD MRL Syntax
       A  simple  vcd:/ runs the default item (e.g. perhaps track 1 or entry 0) using the default
       VCD device (perhaps /dev/cdrom). Both the  default  item  and  default  device  are  user-
       configurable.

       It  is  however also possible to specify both Video CD device/filename and item explicitly
       in the MRL.

       For example vcd:/dev/dvd specifies the default entry using  device  /dev/dvd  which  might
       useful  if  this is your DVD which is different than your CD-ROM device and your DVD drive
       can play CD's. And vcd://test_svcd_ntsc.cue specifies the cue file for CD image  on  disk.
       (test_svcd_ntsc.bin is the corresponding bin file, but using that won't work.)

       After  the optional device name or file name, you can name the kind of unit, preceded by a
       colon. An MRL which ends in a colon is like not adding it at all: the default  entry  type
       and  number is used. Items come in 4 flavours: "Track", "Entry", "Playback" and "Segment".
       These units are indicated with the capital first letter of each type: T, E, P,  S,  s.  An
       uppercase  S  in  the MRL display indicates a NTSC segment while a lowercase s indicates a
       PAL segment.  However, when you enter an MRL, the case of these letters is insignificant.

       Depending on the Video CD, you might not have any  playable  segments  (S,s)  or  playback
       control  (P).   If  you give a MRL that refers to a playback control entry but there is no
       playback control, your playback number will silently be converted into  the  corresponding
       entry number.

       You  can  configure  various  things  that  affect  MRLs  are  selected when there is some
       ambiguity in the MRL name. media.vcd.autoplay sets what kind of unit to to use in a MRL is
       none  is  given.  Another configuration setting, vcd.device, determines what device to use
       if that part is not given.  When you hit the VCD button, that is  equivalent  to  entering
       vcd:/ and thus these two configuration settings are used to expand the MRL.

       Some  examples  of  MRLs  are  given  below.  In  the  examples,  we  assume the following
       configuration settings:

       vcd:// Play (navigate) default item (in this case Entry ID 0) from the default device  (in
              this case set to /dev/cdrom)

       vcd://@
              Same as above

       vcd:///dev/cdrom@
              Same effect as above since the default device is set to /dev/cdrom.

       vcd:///dev/cdrom@E0
              Same  as  above.  But  note that this is because we have autoplay:entry which is no
              longer the default value.

       vcd:///dev/cdrom2@
              Play (navigate) the default item of /dev/cdrom2

       vcd:///dev/cdrom2
              should be same as above but is currently broken?

       vcd:///dev/cdrom2@T1
              Play Track 1 from /dev/cdrom2

       vcd:///dev/cdrom@S1
              Play segment 1 from /dev/cdrom. This assumes that there *is* a  segment  1.   Check
              the MRL list to see if that is the case.

       vcd://@P1
              Play  playlist item 1 from default device. If there is no playback control, the MRL
              will be converted into vcd:/@E0.  Again check the MRL list to see if there is a P1.

       vcd://@P1*
              Probably same as above.

       vcd:///dev/cdrom@E1
              Play Entry id 1 from default device.

       vcd://@S0
              Play segment 0 from default device.

       vcd://@3
              Play track 3 from default device.

       vcd:///dev/cdrom2:1
              Play track 1 from /dev/cdrom2.

       vcd:///tmp/ntsc.cue@
              Play default item (E0) of /tmp/ntsc.bin. Note trailing @.

       vcd://ntsc.cue/@E0
              Play entry 0 of ntsc.bin.

       vcd:///tmp/ntsc.nrg/@E0
              Play entry 0 of /tmp/ntsc.nrg (Nero file). Works for some simple Nero images.

   DVB
       DVB MRLs require that ~/.xine/channels.conf exists and contains valid data.  This  can  be
       obtained  by  generating  a  tuning  file  using  the  LinuxTV DVB apps utility "scan" (or
       "dvbscan" if you're using a version newer than 1.1.0):

       scan -o  zap  /usr/share/doc/dvb-utils/examples/scan/dvb-t/uk-PontopPike  >~/.config/xine-
       lib/channels.conf

       (This  example  is  for  the writer's local transmitter, using a file from the Debian dvb-
       utils package.)

       For the dvbc, dvbs and dvbt MRLs, tuning  parameters  are  expected,  taking  one  of  the
       following forms:

       DVB-S  <frequency>:<polarisation>:<sat-no>:<sym-rate>:<vpid>:<apid>:<service-id>

       DVB-C  <frequency>:<inversion>:<sym-rate>:<fec>:<qam>:<vpid>:<apid>:<service-id>

       DVB-T  <frequency>:<inversion>:<bw>:<fec-hp>:<fec-lp>:<qam>:<transmission-
              mode>:<guardlist>:<hierarchy-info>:<vpid>:<apid>:<service-id>

       DVB-A  <frequency>:<qam>:<vpid>:<apid>:<service-id>

       The individual parameters are:

       frequency           number, usually in kHz

       polarisation        `v' or `h'

       sat-no              unsigned long, usually 0

       sym-rate            symbol rate in MSyms/sec

       inversion           INVERSION_ON, INVERSION_OFF, INVERSION_AUTO

       fec, fec-hp, fec-lp FEC_1_2, FEC_2_3, FEC_3_4 ... FEC_8_9, FEC_AUTO, FEC_NONE

       qam                 QPSK, QAM_128, QAM_16 ...

       bw                  BANDWIDTH_6_MHZ, BANDWIDTH_7_MHZ, BANDWIDTH_8_MHZ

       transmission-mode   TRANSMISSION_MODE_2K, TRANSMISSION_MODE_8K

       guardlist           GUARD_INTERVAL_1_4,      GUARD_INTERVAL_1_8,      GUARD_INTERVAL_1_16,
                           GUARD_INTERVAL_1_32,

       hierarchy-info      HIERARCHY_1, HIERARCHY_2, HIERARCHY_4, HIERARCHY_NONE

       vpid                video program ID

       apid                audio program ID

       service-id          service ID (needed for now/next information etc.)

       The following keyboard & mouse inputs may be accepted:

       Menu 2                  Start/stop recording

       Menu 3                  Toggle zoom

       Menu 7                  Toggle now/next display

       Previous/Next Chapter   Previous/next channel

       Mouse wheel & button 1  Scroll through channel list & select the highlighted channel

SUBTITLE

       external subtitle files (any mrl)
       Text subtitle files may be appended to the MRL:.

       <mrl>#subtitle:<subtitlefile>
              This  is  the  normal way to define the subtitle file to use. The frontend will not
              take any notice of the subtitle file. For example:
              file://home/user/wibble.mpg#subtitle:/home/user/wibble.sub
              (Note that some front ends can detect subtitles files where  the  name  differs  as
              shown in the example.)

STREAM OPTIONS

       After a delimiting # you can add several stream parameters:

       novideo
              Video will be ignored.

       noaudio
              Audio will be ignored.

       nospu  Subpictures will be ignored.

       demux:<demux name>
              Specify the demux plugin to use.

       volume:<level>
              Set audio volume.

       compression:<level>
              Set audio dynamic range compression.

       <config entry>:<config value>
              Assign a new value to any config entry.

       save:<file>
              Save  the stream (if allowed) to the named file, relative to the directory given by
              the option "media.capture.save_dir".

       change configuration option 'on the fly':
              You can change a configuration option at any time,  using  the  special  cfg:/  MRL
              style. The syntax is:
                   cfg:/<config entry> : <config value>
              Unlike stream config option, you can change anything before playing the stream.

SEE ALSO

       xine(1), aaxine(1), gxine(1), toxine(1), totem(1), kaffeine(1) ...

       The  programs  are  documented  fully  on the xine home page: http://www.xine-project.org/http://www.xine-project.org/

AUTHOR

       This   text   was   extracted   from    the    xine    man    page    by    Darren    Salt
       <dsalt@users.sourceforge.net>.    The   xine   man  page  was  written  by  Siggi  Langauf
       <siggi@debian.org>  for  the  xine  project.   Lots  of  additions  by   Guenter   Bartsch
       <guenter@users.sourceforge.net>, Daniel Caujolle-Bert <f1rmb@users.sourceforge.net>, Rocky
       Bernstein <rocky@panix.com>, and Philipp Hahn <pmhahn@users.sourceforge.net>.