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munch - munching squares
munch [-display host:display.screen] [-foreground color] [-background
color] [-window] [-root] [-mono] [-install] [-visual visual] [-delay
usecs] [-xor] [-noxor] [-clear number] [-simul number] [-classic |
-mismunch | -random] [-fps]
The munch program performs the munching squares hack. It picks square
size, position, and gravity randomly. It also displays a creatively
broken misimplementation of the classic algorithm.
The munching squares hack consists of drawing Y = X XOR T for a range
of X and T over and over until all the possible combinations of X and T
have come up. It was reportedly discovered by Jackson Wright in 1962
and took 5 instructions of PDP-6 code.
munch accepts the following options:
-window Draw on a newly-created window. This is the default.
-root Draw on the root window.
-mono If on a color display, pretend we're on a monochrome display.
Install a private colormap for the window.
Specify which visual to use. Legal values are the name of a
visual class, or the id number (decimal or hex) of a specific
The delay between steps of the animation, in microseconds.
-xor Use the XOR drawing function. This is the default.
-no-xor Don't use the XOR drawing function.
Number of squares to misdraw before clearing the display.
Number of squares to misdraw simultaneously. Default: 5.
Draw classic munching squares only.
Draw "mismunch" only.
-random Do one or the other.
-fps Display the current frame rate and CPU load.
DISPLAY to get the default host and display number.
to get the name of a resource file that overrides the global
resources stored in the RESOURCE_MANAGER property.
HAKMEM: MIT AI Memo 239, Feb. 29, 1972.
Beeler, M., Gosper, R.W., and Schroeppel, R.
"Unless otherwise stated, all computer programs are in PDP-6/10
ITEM 146: MUNCHING SQUARES
Another simple display program. It is thought that this was
discovered by Jackson Wright on the RLE PDP-1 circa 1962.
2=X, 3=Y. Try things like 1001002 in data switches. This
also does interesting things with operations other than
XOR, and rotations other than -22. (Try IOR; AND; TSC;
FADR; FDV(!); ROT -14, -9, -20, ...)
ITEM 147 (Schroeppel):
Munching squares is just views of the graph Y = X XOR T for
consecutive values of T = time.
ITEM 148 (Cohen, Beeler):
A modification to munching squares which reveals them in
frozen states through opening and closing curtains: insert
FADR 2,1 before the XOR. Try data switches =
4000,,4 1000,,2002 2000,,4 0,,1002
(Notation: <left half>,,<right half>)
Also try the FADR after the XOR, switches = 1001,,1.
Copyright 1997 Tim Showalter.
Copyright 2004 Steven Hazel.
Copyright 1992-2008 Jamie Zawinski.
Permission to use, copy, modify, distribute, and sell this software and
its documentation for any purpose is hereby granted without fee,
provided that the above copyright notice appear in all copies and that
both that copyright notice and this permission notice appear in
supporting documentation. No representations are made about the
suitability of this software for any purpose. It is provided "as is"
without express or implied warranty.