Provided by: xpuzzles_7.6.3-1build1_i386 bug


       xmball - Masterball X widget


       /usr/games/xmball                                            [-geometry
       [{width}][x{height}][{+-}{xoff}[{+-}{yoff}]]]                 [-display
       [{host}]:[{vs}]]   [-[no]mono]   [-[no]{reverse|rv}]  [-{foreground|fg}
       {color}] [-{background|bg} {color}]  [-wedge{0|1|2|3|4|5|6|7|8|9|10|11}
       {color}] [-{border|bd} {color}] [-delay msecs] [-[no]sound] [-moveSound
       {filename}] [-{font|fn} {fontname}] [-[no]perspective] [-wedges  {int}]
       [-bands  {int}]  [-[no]orient] [-[no]practice] [-base {int}] [-userName
       {string}] [-scoreFile {filename}] [-scores] [-version]


       The original puzzle has 8 wedges on a sphere (longitudinal cuts),  with
       each  wedge  divided  into  4  bands  (latitudinal  cuts).   There  are
       essentially 3 varieties: Geomaster 8 colors (beachball, default  colors
       in  this puzzle), Duomaster 2 colors (black and white beachball), and a
       variety  of  picture  Masterballs.   For  some  reason,  they  say  the
       Geomaster  is  easier  than the Duomaster.  The picture Masterballs are
       the hardest since all the pieces have a set solved  position.   On  the
       Duo and Geo Masterballs pieces could be swapped or in a different order
       and still be in a solved  position.   Zurick  University's  Mathematics
       faculty has calculated that Masterball's 32 segments can be arranged in
       355,682,548,566,633,480,192,000,000  different  possible  combinations.
       Masterball   was  invented  by  Dr.  Geza  Gyovai  Hungarian  Engineer,
       manufactured by Whole Systems Design, Inc..

       Related puzzles are the Saturn Puzzle, a oriented Masterball  with  one
       band;  and  the  harder  Hockey Puck Puzzle, like the Saturn Puzzle but
       with 12 wedges instead of 8.


       Press "mouse-left" button to move a piece.  Release "mouse-left" button
       on  another  piece  and  the  pieces  will turn towards where the mouse
       button is released.  Usually, a click and release on the same wedge  is
       ambiguous  and  the  puzzle  will not turn.  If there is some ambiguity
       between a turn or a flip, a flip is assumed, except  if  shift  key  is

       Click  "mouse-center",  or press "P" or "p" keys to toggle the practice
       mode (in practice mode the record should say "practice").  This is good
       for learning moves and experimenting.

       Click  "mouse-right", or press "Z" or "z" keys, to randomize the puzzle
       (this must be done first to set a new record).

       Press "G" or "g" keys to get a saved puzzle.

       Press "W" or "w" keys to write or save a puzzle.

       Press "U" or "u" keys to undo a move.

       Press "R" or "r" keys to redo a move.

       Press "C" or "c" keys to clear the puzzle.

       "S" or "s" keys to start auto-solver.  Only works for wedges <= 8 or  1

       Press "O" or "o" keys to toggle the orient mode.  One has to orient the
       wedges in orient mode, besides getting all the wedges to  be  the  same
       color.  To do this one has to get the numbers to be on the same side of
       the ball in clockwise order.

       Press "I" or "i" keys to increase the number of bands.

       Press "D" or "d" keys to decrease the number of bands.

       Press "2", "4", "6", "8", "0", or "=" keys (not the keypad 2, 4, 6,  8,
       0)  to  change to 2, 4, 6, 8, 10, or 12 wedges, respectively.  Note: if
       there were odd number of wedges, there would be no 180 degree turn  and
       therefore the puzzle would be inoperable.

       Press "T" or "t" keys to toggle the perspective look.

       Press ">" or "." keys to speed up the movement of pieces.

       Press "<" or "," keys to slow down the movement of pieces.

       Press "@" key to toggle the sound.

       Press "Esc" key to hide program.

       Press "Q", "q", or "CTRL-C" keys to kill program.

       Use the key pad or arrow keys to move without the mouse.
       Key pad is defined for Masterball as:
       N / *   Upper Upper Left, Counterclockwise, Upper Upper Right

       7 8 9   Upper Left, Up, Upper Right
       4<5>6   Left, Clockwise, Right
       1 2 3   Lower Left, Down, Lower Right

        0  .   Lower Lower Left, Lower Lower Right

       Use the control key and the left mouse button, keypad, or arrow keys to
       move the whole Masterball.  This is not recorded as a turn.

       The title is in the following format (non-motif version):
              xmball.{2|4|6|8|10|12<wedges>}: <number of bands> @ (<Number  of
              moves>/{<Record    number    of    moves>   <user   name>|"NEVER
              noaccess"|"practice"}) - <Comment>
       If there is no  record  of  the  current  puzzle,  it  displays  "NEVER


       -geometry {+|-}X{+|-}Y
               This  option sets the initial position of the masterball window
               (resource name "geometry").

       -display host:dpy
               This option specifies the X server to contact.

               This option allows you to display the masterball  window  on  a
               color screen as if it were monochrome (resource name "mono").

               This  option allows you to see the masterball window in reverse
               video (resource name "reverseVideo").

       -{foreground|fg} color
               This option specifies the foreground of the  masterball  window
               (resource name "foreground").

       -{background|bg} color
               This  option  specifies the background of the masterball window
               (resource name "background").

       -wedge{0|1|2|3|4|5|6|7|8|9|10|11} <color>
               This option allows you to change the color of a wedge (resource
               name  "wedgeColorN"). In mono-mode, color is represented as the
               first  letter  of  the  color  name.  The  wedges  are  ordered
               clockwise.   If  you  have  two colors that begin with the same
               letter you should have one in uppercase and one in lowercase to
               distinguish them in mono-mode. You can change the colors of the
               wedges to make a  stupid  Masterball  (i.e.  all  White  or  in
               mono-mode  all  "W").   Unfortunately, it will not normally say
               its  solved  when  its   randomized.    Similarly,   with   the
               Duomasterball  (black  and  white), it may be solved color-wise
               but  not  by  its  internal  representation.   This  would   be

       -{border|bd} color
               This  option  specifies  the  border color of the wedges in the
               masterball window (resource name "borderColor").

       -delay msecs
               This option specifies the number of milliseconds  it  takes  to
               move pieces (1-50) (resource name "delay").

               This  option specifies if sliding pieces should make a sound or
               not (resource name "sound").

       -moveSound filename
               This option specifies the file  for  the  move  sound  for  the
               twisting of the puzzle (resource name "moveSound").

       -{font|fn} ontname
               This option specifies the font that will be used (resource name

       -wedges <int>
               This option allows you to change the number of wedges (resource
               name "wedges").

       -bands <int>
               This  option allows you to change the number of bands (resource
               name "bands").

               This option allows you to access the orient mode (resource name

               This  option  allows  you to access the practice mode (resource
               name "practice").

       -base int
               This option specifies  the  base  used  (default  is  base  16)
               (resource  name "base").  When there are 12 wedges there is not
               much room, so base 10 was not used as the default.

       -userName string
               This option specifies the user name for  any  records  made  or
               else it will get your login name (resource name "userName").

       -scoreFile filename
               Specify an alternative score file (resource name "scoreFile").

       -scores This option lists all the recorded scores and then exits.

               This option tells you what version of xmball you have.


       You  must  randomize  the  puzzle  before a record is set, otherwise an
       assumption of cheating is made if it is solved after a get.


       Here is the format for the xmball configuration, starting position, and
       the movement of its pieces.

       Masterball numbered clockwise, with default colors, not randomized:
           0            Y       Yellow
       10     2      O     G    Orange, Green

       9       3    R       D   Red, Dark Green

        8     4      M     B    Magenta, Blue
           6            C       Cyan

       Extra colors: Pink, Saddle Brown, Light Steel Blue, Indian Red

              wedges: 2-12 <number of wedges around ball (even only)>
              bands: 1-MAXINT <number of slices around ball>
              orient:  0-1 <0 false, 1 true; if true then numbers on puzzle to
              be oriented and ordered>
              practice: 0-1 <0 false, 1 true>
              moves: 0-MAXINT <total number of moves>

              startingPosition: <2 dimensional array of segment  position,  if
              orient mode then orientation number follows each wedge number>

       This is then followed by the moves, starting from 1.
              move #: <wedge> <band> <direction> <control>
       Each turn is with respect to a segment defined by wedge and band.
       Direction is represented as 0 up, 1 upper upper right, 2 upper right, 3
       right, 4 lower right, 5 lower lower right, 6 down, 7 lower lower  left,
       8 lower left, 9 left, 10 upper left, 11 upper upper left, 13 clockwise,
       and 23 counterclockwise.
       Control is represented as 0 or 1, 1 if the whole ball is moved at once,
       0  if not.  The xmball record keeper does not count a control move as a
       move, but here we do.



       X(1), xcubes(6), xtriangles(6),  xhexagons(6),  xmlink(6),  xbarrel(6),
       xpanex(6),   xpyraminx(6),  xoct(6),  xrubik(6),  xskewb(6),  xdino(6),


       ® Copyright 1994-2010, David A. Bagley


       Send bugs (or their reports, or fixes) to the author:
              David A. Bagley, <>

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