Provided by: xzip_1.8.2-3_i386 bug


       xzip - X Interface to the Z-code Interpreter


       xzip [ options ...  ] gamefile

       The  list  of  options  is  described below. The gamefile should be the
       filename of a Z-code file or a PICKLE archive containing a Z-code file.


       xzip is a clean X Windows interface to games written  in  Infocom's  Z-
       code  game  format.  It  handles  Z-code versions 1 through 5, plus the
       newer version 8.

       The interface is heavily (well, completely) based on ATK, an X  toolkit
       developed at CMU. Really, I would have preferred to actually do this in
       ATK... except that then you'd  need  ATK  to  run  it,  and  that's  50
       megabytes of source code. (Honest.) So I just did an imitation.

Mouse Commands

       In the text window:

       Left-click to move the dot to the mouse location.
       Click-and-drag to select a large region.
       Right-click to extend the selection to the mouse location.
       Double-clicking  selects a word (or extends the selection one word at a

       In the scroll bar:

       Left-click on the arrows to scroll to the top or bottom.
       Right-click on the arrows to scroll up or down one line.
       Click-and-drag on the elevator will scroll up and down smoothly.
       Left-click in the bar (without dragging) will scroll down by an  amount
       controlled by where in the bar you click. The farther down the bar, the
       more it scrolls. This is computed so that if you left-click next  to  a
       line, that line scrolls to the top of the screen.
       Right-click  in  the bar (without dragging) will scroll up in a similar
       manner. The top line will scroll down to where you clicked.

Key Commands

       The key commands will be familiar to Emacs users.   meta-  combinations
       can  be used either by holding down the meta key (possibly labelled alt
       or something else) or by pressing escape before the desired key.

       The commands listed below are the defaults. They can be customized with
       the  bindings X resource (see below.) <none> indicates a function which
       by default is not bound to any key.

       ctrl-f (forward-char) Move dot forward one character.
       ctrl-b (backward-char) Move dot backward one character.
       meta-f (forward-word) Move dot forward one word.
       meta-b (backward-word) Move dot backward one word.
       ctrl-a (beginning-of-line) Move dot to beginning of line.
       ctrl-e (end-of-line) Move dot to end of line.

       PageDown, ctrl-v (scroll-down) Scroll down one page.
       PageUp, meta-v (scroll-up) Scroll up one page.

       delete (delete-char) Delete character before the dot.
       ctrl-d (delete-next-char) Delete character after the dot.
       meta-delete (delete-word) Delete word before the dot.
       meta-d (delete-next-word) Delete word after the dot.

       ctrl-w (kill-region) Cut selection to cut buffer.
       meta-w (copy-region) Copy selection to cut buffer.
       ctrl-y (yank) Copy the cut buffer in at the dot.
       ctrl-k (kill-line) Cut from dot to end of line into the cut buffer.
       ctrl-u (kill-input) Cut all text typed so far into the cut buffer.

       UpArrow, meta-=  (backward-history)  Move  back  one  line  in  command
       history buffer.
       DownArrow,  meta-`  (forward-history)  Move  back  one  line in command
       history buffer.

       meta-0...meta-9 (macro) Insert a macro string at the dot.  By  default,
       all  macros  are undefined at startup, but you can change this with the
       bindings option.
       meta-r (define-macro) The next macro key hit will be  redefined  to  be
       the  selection. If there is no selection, or if the next key hit is not
       a macro key, an error is displayed.

       ctrl-l (redraw-all-windows) Redraw text and status windows.
       <none> (redraw-status) Redraw status window.
       <none> (redraw-screen) Redraw text window.
       meta-z (zoom-status) Expand status window to maximum  size  (only  when
       the autoresize option is on.)
       meta-s  (shrink-status) Shrink status window to minimum size (only when
       the autoresize option is on.)
       meta-c (clear-status) Clear any extra text below the status line in the
       status window.

       Enter, Return (enter) Accept the text that has been typed.
       Escape  (escape)  Set escape mode; next key hit will be taken as a meta
       ctrl-g (cancel) Cancel escape mode, and anything else that's going on.
       Help, ctrl-_ (explain-key) Explain the next key hit; this displays  the
       function that the key is bound to, and its argument, if any.
       All  normal  keys (insert-self) Insert whatever key is bound to this at
       the dot.
       <none> (no-op) Do nothing. Bind a key to this to disable it.

Resources and Options

       All the behavior of xzip is controlled by X resources and  command-line
       options.  Any  particular behavior can be set with either a resource or
       an option; options override resources.

       Command-line options go on the command line, looking like,
       xzip -option value gamefile
       Note that even binary options like "justify" must  be  given  a  value,
       "yes" or "no".

       Resources  are  usually  placed  in your .Xdefaults or Xresources file,
       depending on your system setup. They have the format
       xzip.resourcename: value

       These are the resources and options that you  can  currently  set.  The
       default values are in italics.

       geometry: 500x600+100+100
              The geometry of the text window, in the usual X geometry format.

       statgeometry: 80x24+100+50
              The  geometry  of the status window. Note that the size is given
              in characters, not in pixels, although the position is still  in
              pixels.  This makes it something of a pain to position it in the
              right or bottom sides of the screen.

       foreground: black
              The color of the text and other window decorations.

       background: white
              The color of the window background.

       greycolor: grey60
              An  intermediate  color,  used  for  the  scroll  bar  on  color

       justify: yes
              If "yes", full-justify the text in the text window.

       marginx: 4
              Width  (in  pixels)  of  the margin between the left edge of the
              text and the scroll bar.

       leading: 3
              Width (in pixels) of extra space to put between lines of text.

       autoresize: yes
              If "yes", the status window will automatically resize to be just
              big  enough  for  the  game's  status  line.  (But see "Quirks",

       resizeupward: no
              If "no", the status window will resize downward;  the  top  edge
              will  stay in place, and the bottom edge will move. If "yes", it
              will resize upward. At the moment, this doesn't work  very  well
              at all. (See "Known Bugs", below.)

       autoclear: yes
              If  "yes",  extraneous text in the status window will be cleared
              after one turn. (See "Quirks", below.)

       history: 20
              The number of commands to store in the command history.

       buffer: 4000
              The amount of text (in characters) to  keep  in  the  scrollback
              buffer.  If  this is made too large, the program can become very

       strictz: 1
              The level of reporting of various  subtle  errors  in  the  game
              file.  0  means  that  all  errors  are silently ignored; 1 (the
              default) means that each error is reported, but only  the  first
              time  it  occurs; 2 means that each error is reported every time
              it  occurs;  3  means  that  the  interpreter  will  shut   down
              immediately when an error occurs.

       spec: no
              If  "yes",  the  interpreter will declare itself to be compliant
              with  the  Z-machine  Specification  version   1.0.   This   is,
              basically,  a lie, since I have not formally reviewed the source
              for  Spec-1.0  compliance.  However,  xzip  does  support  every
              Spec-1.0  feature  that  I  know  of,  except  for the color and
              Unicode options.

       inputstyle: b
              The style to display your typed input in.  This  can  be  n  for
              normal  text,  or  r, b, rb, i, ri, bi, rbi, f, rf, bf, rbf, if,
              rif, bif, rbif to specify  any  combination  of  Reverse,  Bold,
              Italic,  and  Fixed.  Note that the letters must be in the order
              shown; you cannot use ib to specify italic and bold.

       X-color:  (same as foreground)
              X may be any of n, r, b, rb, i, ri, bi, rbi, f, rf, bf, rbf, if,
              rif,  bif, rbif.  This allows you to specify the color of any of
              the sixteen fonts used by xzip.  For non-reversed fonts, this is
              the  color  of  the text; for reversed fonts, it is the color of
              the field on which the text is displayed. (The text of  reversed
              fonts is always in the background color.)

              X may be any of n, b, i, bi, f, bf, if, bif.  This allows you to
              specify the sixteen fonts used by xzip.  (Note that  you  cannot
              set  the  reversed fonts; they always use the same font as their
              non-reversed counterparts.)
              The status window always uses the fixed-width  fonts;  the  text
              window usually (but not always) uses proportional fonts.

       bindings: (see above)
              Key bindings to supplement or override the default bindings. The
              resource should look like
              key=function [, argument ]; key=function [, argument ] ...
              where key is the name of a key, preceded by  c-  to  indicate  a
              control  key  and m- to indicate a meta key.  function should be
              one of the function names listed  in  parentheses  in  the  "Key
              Bindings"  section.   argument  (which  is optional) should be a
              quoted string which will be passed to the  function.  Currently,
              only the macro function takes an argument.
              So, for example,
              xzip.bindings: c-x=kill-input; m-i=macro,"inventory"; m-d=no-op
              would  mean  that  ctrl-x will delete all input, and meta-i will
              enter the string "inventory", and meta-d will  do  nothing.  You
              can have more than one key bound to a function, but you can only
              have one function bound to a key; later bindings  will  override
              earlier ones.

       Ok,  I  lied;  there's  one  behavior  which  is  set by an environment
       variable. If you set INFOCOM_PATH to  a  directory  or  colon-separated
       list  of  directories,  xzip  will  look  there  for a story file if it
       doesn't find it in the current directory.


       As always, if you highlight colored text, the result may be surprising.
       Highlighting  "normal" text will be fine, and any other fonts which are
       the same color, but other colors may highlight  in  strange  ways,  and
       could  be  hard  to  read.  (This  is  only a problem for text which is
       highlighted because  it's  selected.  Text  in  a  reverse  font  looks

       Certain  games  (notably Trinity and Curses!  ) display pop-up windows,
       by using the status line in a  slightly  funky  way.  They  expand  the
       status  line, display some text, and then immediately shrink the status
       line again.
       I have done my best to support this in xzip ´s two-window  system.  The
       pop-up  window  will be visible from when it is created until the first
       time you hit Return.  Then the status window will  shrink  again.  This
       gives  you  one  "turn" to read the pop-up, which should be sufficient.
       (In one-window, non-scrolling interpreters,  the  pop-up  appears  over
       your old text, and scrolls away as you continue play.)
       If  you  turn off the autoclear option, pop-ups will not be erased; use
       meta-z to expand the status window  and  read  them  after  the  window
       shrinks,  and  meta-c  to  erase them manually. If you do not erase the
       pop-up, a later pop-up may partially overwrite it, which looks ugly.
       If you turn off the autoshrink  option,  the  status  window  will  not
       shrink, but the pop-up will still be erased (unless you have turned off
       autoclear as well.)

Known Bugs

       The "resizeupward" preference just plain doesn't work. If you  use  it,
       the status window will slowly drift downwards as it resizes.
       If  a  timed  input  (such  as  Border Zone uses) expires while you are
       editing a line, the dot jumps to the end of the line.
       If a style change occurs in the middle of a word, xzip thinks it's okay
       to break the word there (when wrapping lines.)
       Reverse  text  has gaps in it in full-justified lines. It also has gaps
       between lines, in the text window.
       The keybindings  are  ignored  while  xzip  is  waiting  for  a  single
       keystroke  (as  opposed  to  a  line of input.)  ctrl-l is hardwired to
       work, but any other key will just be taken literally.
       Scrolling is slow and awful on X servers without backing store.
       Ignores meta modifier on special keyboard keys (Home, PageUp, etc)
       Parsing of keys in bindings could be cleverer. It ought  to  understand
       /123 octal notation at least.
       Ought to have separate font and color prefs for the status window.
       Sometimes makes you place a window by hand, even though the geometry is


       X interface by Andrew Plotkin (
       The  Z-code  engine  is  taken  from  ZIP   V2.0.7   by   Mark   Howell
       For       more       information,      see      the      web      page:

       You are expressly forbidden to use this program on an Infocom game data
       file  if,  in  so doing, you violate the copyright notice supplied with
       the original Infocom game.
       Parts of this program  (the  files  xinit.c,  xio.c,  xkey.c,  xmess.c,
       xstat.c, xtext.c) are copyrighted by Andrew Plotkin. These files may be
       distributed, modified, and used freely, with the exception noted above.
       I do not know the exact copyright status of the rest,  except  that  it
       was  written by Mark Howell and thus is probably copyrighted by him. He
       released it for free, so to the best of my knowledge, it  can  also  be
       distributed, modified, and used freely, with the exception noted above.