Provided by: postgresql-client-9.1_9.1.3-2_amd64 bug

NAME

       CREATE_TABLE_AS - define a new table from the results of a query

SYNOPSIS

       CREATE [ [ GLOBAL | LOCAL ] { TEMPORARY | TEMP } | UNLOGGED ] TABLE table_name
           [ (column_name [, ...] ) ]
           [ WITH ( storage_parameter [= value] [, ... ] ) | WITH OIDS | WITHOUT OIDS ]
           [ ON COMMIT { PRESERVE ROWS | DELETE ROWS | DROP } ]
           [ TABLESPACE tablespace ]
           AS query
           [ WITH [ NO ] DATA ]

DESCRIPTION

       CREATE TABLE AS creates a table and fills it with data computed by a SELECT command. The
       table columns have the names and data types associated with the output columns of the
       SELECT (except that you can override the column names by giving an explicit list of new
       column names).

       CREATE TABLE AS bears some resemblance to creating a view, but it is really quite
       different: it creates a new table and evaluates the query just once to fill the new table
       initially. The new table will not track subsequent changes to the source tables of the
       query. In contrast, a view re-evaluates its defining SELECT statement whenever it is
       queried.

PARAMETERS

       GLOBAL or LOCAL
           Ignored for compatibility. Refer to CREATE TABLE (CREATE_TABLE(7)) for details.

       TEMPORARY or TEMP
           If specified, the table is created as a temporary table. Refer to CREATE TABLE
           (CREATE_TABLE(7)) for details.

       UNLOGGED
           If specified, the table is created as an unlogged table. Refer to CREATE TABLE
           (CREATE_TABLE(7)) for details.

       table_name
           The name (optionally schema-qualified) of the table to be created.

       column_name
           The name of a column in the new table. If column names are not provided, they are
           taken from the output column names of the query. If the table is created from an
           EXECUTE command, a column name list cannot be specified.

       WITH ( storage_parameter [= value] [, ... ] )
           This clause specifies optional storage parameters for the new table; see Storage
           Parameters for more information. The WITH clause can also include OIDS=TRUE (or just
           OIDS) to specify that rows of the new table should have OIDs (object identifiers)
           assigned to them, or OIDS=FALSE to specify that the rows should not have OIDs. See
           CREATE TABLE (CREATE_TABLE(7)) for more information.

       WITH OIDS, WITHOUT OIDS
           These are obsolescent syntaxes equivalent to WITH (OIDS) and WITH (OIDS=FALSE),
           respectively. If you wish to give both an OIDS setting and storage parameters, you
           must use the WITH ( ... ) syntax; see above.

       ON COMMIT
           The behavior of temporary tables at the end of a transaction block can be controlled
           using ON COMMIT. The three options are:

           PRESERVE ROWS
               No special action is taken at the ends of transactions. This is the default
               behavior.

           DELETE ROWS
               All rows in the temporary table will be deleted at the end of each transaction
               block. Essentially, an automatic TRUNCATE(7) is done at each commit.

           DROP
               The temporary table will be dropped at the end of the current transaction block.

       TABLESPACE tablespace
           The tablespace is the name of the tablespace in which the new table is to be created.
           If not specified, default_tablespace is consulted, or temp_tablespaces if the table is
           temporary.

       query
           A SELECT(7), TABLE, or VALUES(7) command, or an EXECUTE(7) command that runs a
           prepared SELECT, TABLE, or VALUES query.

       WITH [ NO ] DATA
           This clause specifies whether or not the data produced by the query should be copied
           into the new table. If not, only the table structure is copied. The default is to copy
           the data.

NOTES

       This command is functionally similar to SELECT INTO (SELECT_INTO(7)), but it is preferred
       since it is less likely to be confused with other uses of the SELECT INTO syntax.
       Furthermore, CREATE TABLE AS offers a superset of the functionality offered by SELECT
       INTO.

       Prior to PostgreSQL 8.0, CREATE TABLE AS always included OIDs in the table it created. As
       of PostgreSQL 8.0, the CREATE TABLE AS command allows the user to explicitly specify
       whether OIDs should be included. If the presence of OIDs is not explicitly specified, the
       default_with_oids configuration variable is used. As of PostgreSQL 8.1, this variable is
       false by default, so the default behavior is not identical to pre-8.0 releases.
       Applications that require OIDs in the table created by CREATE TABLE AS should explicitly
       specify WITH (OIDS) to ensure proper behavior.

EXAMPLES

       Create a new table films_recent consisting of only recent entries from the table films:

           CREATE TABLE films_recent AS
             SELECT * FROM films WHERE date_prod >= '2002-01-01';

       To copy a table completely, the short form using the TABLE command can also be used:

           CREATE TABLE films2 AS
             TABLE films;

       Create a new temporary table films_recent, consisting of only recent entries from the
       table films, using a prepared statement. The new table has OIDs and will be dropped at
       commit:

           PREPARE recentfilms(date) AS
             SELECT * FROM films WHERE date_prod > $1;
           CREATE TEMP TABLE films_recent WITH (OIDS) ON COMMIT DROP AS
             EXECUTE recentfilms('2002-01-01');

COMPATIBILITY

       CREATE TABLE AS conforms to the SQL standard. The following are nonstandard extensions:

       ·   The standard requires parentheses around the subquery clause; in PostgreSQL, these
           parentheses are optional.

       ·   In the standard, the WITH [ NO ] DATA clause is required; in PostgreSQL it is
           optional.

       ·   PostgreSQL handles temporary tables in a way rather different from the standard; see
           CREATE TABLE (CREATE_TABLE(7)) for details.

       ·   The WITH clause is a PostgreSQL extension; neither storage parameters nor OIDs are in
           the standard.

       ·   The PostgreSQL concept of tablespaces is not part of the standard. Hence, the clause
           TABLESPACE is an extension.

SEE ALSO

       CREATE TABLE (CREATE_TABLE(7)), EXECUTE(7), SELECT(7), SELECT INTO (SELECT_INTO(7)),
       VALUES(7)