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NAME

       koi8-r   -  Russian  character  set  encoded  in  octal,  decimal,  and
       hexadecimal

DESCRIPTION

       KOI8-R is the character set of choice for encoding  Russian  texts  for
       many  UNIX-like  operation systems.  KOI8-R is a successor for KOI-8, a
       de-facto standard for Internet Mail, News, WWW  and  other  interactive
       services at least all over the ex-SU territory.

       KOI8-R  is  defined  by  RFC 1489 (Registration of a Cyrillic Character
       Set).

NOTES

       KOI8-R was designed for mixed Russian/English  texts  and  covers  only
       Russian  Cyrillic  characters,  so  if  you're  looking  for Ukrainian,
       Byelorussian, etc.  Cyrillic  characters,  try  ISO-IR-111,  or  KOI8-U
       (Ukrainian  Character  Set),  or  KOI8-C  (for  ancient  Russian texts)
       instead, which are identical to KOI8-R in the Russian Cyrillic  letters
       area.

       A  more  complete  set  of  Cyrillic  characters is also defined by the
       ISO-8859-5 character set.

   KOI8-R Characters
       The following table  displays  the  characters  in  KOI8-R,  which  are
       printable and unlisted in the ascii(7) manual page.

       Oct   Dec   Hex   Char   Description
       ────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────
       200   128   80     €     BOX DRAWINGS LIGHT HORIZONTAL
       201   129   81          BOX DRAWINGS LIGHT VERTICAL
       202   130   82     ‚     BOX DRAWINGS LIGHT DOWN AND RIGHT
       203   131   83     ƒ     BOX DRAWINGS LIGHT DOWN AND LEFT
       204   132   84     „     BOX DRAWINGS LIGHT UP AND RIGHT
       205   133   85     …     BOX DRAWINGS LIGHT UP AND LEFT
       206   134   86     †     BOX DRAWINGS LIGHT VERTICAL AND RIGHT
       207   135   87     ‡     BOX DRAWINGS LIGHT VERTICAL AND LEFT
       210   136   88     ˆ     BOX DRAWINGS LIGHT DOWN AND HORIZONTAL
       211   137   89     ‰     BOX DRAWINGS LIGHT UP AND HORIZONTAL
       212   138   8A     Š     BOX DRAWINGS LIGHT VERTICAL AND HORIZONTAL
       213   139   8B     ‹     UPPER HALF BLOCK
       214   140   8C     Π    LOWER HALF BLOCK
       215   141   8D          FULL BLOCK
       216   142   8E     Ž     LEFT HALF BLOCK
       217   143   8F          RIGHT HALF BLOCK
       220   144   90          LIGHT SHADE
       221   145   91     ‘     MEDIUM SHADE
       222   146   92     ’     DARK SHADE
       223   147   93     “     TOP HALF INTEGRAL
       224   148   94     ”     BLACK SQUARE
       225   149   95     •     BULLET OPERATOR
       226   150   96     –     SQUARE ROOT
       227   151   97     —     ALMOST EQUAL TO
       230   152   98     ˜     LESS-THAN OR EQUAL TO
       231   153   99     ™     GREATER-THAN OR EQUAL TO
       232   154   9A     š     NO-BREAK SPACE
       233   155   9B     ›     BOTTOM HALF INTEGRAL
       234   156   9C     œ     DEGREE SIGN
       235   157   9D          SUPERSCRIPT TWO
       236   158   9E     ž     MIDDLE DOT

       237   159   9F     Ÿ     DIVISION SIGN
       240   160   A0           BOX DRAWINGS DOUBLE HORIZONTAL
       241   161   A1     ¡     BOX DRAWINGS DOUBLE VERTICAL
       242   162   A2     ¢     BOX DRAWINGS DOWN SINGLE AND RIGHT DOUBLE
       243   163   A3     £     CYRILLIC SMALL LETTER IO
       244   164   A4     ¤     BOX DRAWINGS DOWN DOUBLE AND RIGHT SINGLE
       245   165   A5     ¥     BOX DRAWINGS DOUBLE DOWN AND RIGHT
       246   166   A6     ¦     BOX DRAWINGS DOWN SINGLE AND LEFT DOUBLE
       247   167   A7     §     BOX DRAWINGS DOWN DOUBLE AND LEFT SINGLE
       250   168   A8     ¨     BOX DRAWINGS DOUBLE DOWN AND LEFT
       251   169   A9     ©     BOX DRAWINGS UP SINGLE AND RIGHT DOUBLE
       252   170   AA     ª     BOX DRAWINGS UP DOUBLE AND RIGHT SINGLE
       253   171   AB     «     BOX DRAWINGS DOUBLE UP AND RIGHT
       254   172   AC     ¬     BOX DRAWINGS UP SINGLE AND LEFT DOUBLE
       255   173   AD           BOX DRAWINGS UP DOUBLE AND LEFT SINGLE
       256   174   AE     ®     BOX DRAWINGS DOUBLE UP AND LEFT
       257   175   AF     ¯     BOX DRAWINGS VERTICAL SINGLE AND RIGHT DOUBLE
       260   176   B0     °     BOX DRAWINGS VERTICAL DOUBLE AND RIGHT SINGLE
       261   177   B1     ±     BOX DRAWINGS DOUBLE VERTICAL AND RIGHT
       262   178   B2     ²     BOX DRAWINGS VERTICAL SINGLE AND LEFT DOUBLE
       263   179   B3     ³     CYRILLIC CAPITAL LETTER IO
       264   180   B4     ´     BOX DRAWINGS VERTICAL DOUBLE AND LEFT SINGLE
       265   181   B5     µ     BOX DRAWINGS DOUBLE VERTICAL AND LEFT
       266   182   B6     ¶     BOX DRAWINGS DOWN SINGLE AND HORIZONTAL DOUBLE
       267   183   B7     ·     BOX DRAWINGS DOWN DOUBLE AND HORIZONTAL SINGLE
       270   184   B8     ¸     BOX DRAWINGS DOUBLE DOWN AND HORIZONTAL
       271   185   B9     ¹     BOX DRAWINGS UP SINGLE AND HORIZONTAL DOUBLE
       272   186   BA     º     BOX DRAWINGS UP DOUBLE AND HORIZONTAL SINGLE
       273   187   BB     »     BOX DRAWINGS DOUBLE UP AND HORIZONTAL
       274   188   BC     ¼     BOX DRAWINGS VERTICAL SINGLE AND HORIZONTAL DOUBLE
       275   189   BD     ½     BOX DRAWINGS VERTICAL DOUBLE AND HORIZONTAL SINGLE
       276   190   BE     ¾     BOX DRAWINGS DOUBLE VERTICAL AND HORIZONTAL
       277   191   BF     ¿     COPYRIGHT SIGN
       300   192   C0     À     CYRILLIC SMALL LETTER YU
       301   193   C1     Á     CYRILLIC SMALL LETTER A
       302   194   C2     Â     CYRILLIC SMALL LETTER BE
       303   195   C3     Ã     CYRILLIC SMALL LETTER TSE
       304   196   C4     Ä     CYRILLIC SMALL LETTER DE
       305   197   C5     Å     CYRILLIC SMALL LETTER IE
       306   198   C6     Æ     CYRILLIC SMALL LETTER EF
       307   199   C7     Ç     CYRILLIC SMALL LETTER GHE
       310   200   C8     È     CYRILLIC SMALL LETTER HA
       311   201   C9     É     CYRILLIC SMALL LETTER I
       312   202   CA     Ê     CYRILLIC SMALL LETTER SHORT I
       313   203   CB     Ë     CYRILLIC SMALL LETTER KA
       314   204   CC     Ì     CYRILLIC SMALL LETTER EL
       315   205   CD     Í     CYRILLIC SMALL LETTER EM
       316   206   CE     Î     CYRILLIC SMALL LETTER EN
       317   207   CF     Ï     CYRILLIC SMALL LETTER O
       320   208   D0     Ð     CYRILLIC SMALL LETTER PE
       321   209   D1     Ñ     CYRILLIC SMALL LETTER YA
       322   210   D2     Ò     CYRILLIC SMALL LETTER ER
       323   211   D3     Ó     CYRILLIC SMALL LETTER ES
       324   212   D4     Ô     CYRILLIC SMALL LETTER TE
       325   213   D5     Õ     CYRILLIC SMALL LETTER U
       326   214   D6     Ö     CYRILLIC SMALL LETTER ZHE
       327   215   D7     ×     CYRILLIC SMALL LETTER VE
       330   216   D8     Ø     CYRILLIC SMALL LETTER SOFT SIGN
       331   217   D9     Ù     CYRILLIC SMALL LETTER YERU
       332   218   DA     Ú     CYRILLIC SMALL LETTER ZE
       333   219   DB     Û     CYRILLIC SMALL LETTER SHA
       334   220   DC     Ü     CYRILLIC SMALL LETTER E
       335   221   DD     Ý     CYRILLIC SMALL LETTER SHCHA
       336   222   DE     Þ     CYRILLIC SMALL LETTER CHE
       337   223   DF     ß     CYRILLIC SMALL LETTER HARD SIGN

       340   224   E0     à     CYRILLIC CAPITAL LETTER YU
       341   225   E1     á     CYRILLIC CAPITAL LETTER A
       342   226   E2     â     CYRILLIC CAPITAL LETTER BE
       343   227   E3     ã     CYRILLIC CAPITAL LETTER TSE
       344   228   E4     ä     CYRILLIC CAPITAL LETTER DE
       345   229   E5     å     CYRILLIC CAPITAL LETTER IE
       346   230   E6     æ     CYRILLIC CAPITAL LETTER EF
       347   231   E7     ç     CYRILLIC CAPITAL LETTER GHE
       350   232   E8     è     CYRILLIC CAPITAL LETTER HA
       351   233   E9     é     CYRILLIC CAPITAL LETTER I
       352   234   EA     ê     CYRILLIC CAPITAL LETTER SHORT I
       353   235   EB     ë     CYRILLIC CAPITAL LETTER KA
       354   236   EC     ì     CYRILLIC CAPITAL LETTER EL
       355   237   ED     í     CYRILLIC CAPITAL LETTER EM
       356   238   EE     î     CYRILLIC CAPITAL LETTER EN
       357   239   EF     ï     CYRILLIC CAPITAL LETTER O
       360   240   F0     ð     CYRILLIC CAPITAL LETTER PE
       361   241   F1     ñ     CYRILLIC CAPITAL LETTER YA
       362   242   F2     ò     CYRILLIC CAPITAL LETTER ER
       363   243   F3     ó     CYRILLIC CAPITAL LETTER ES
       364   244   F4     ô     CYRILLIC CAPITAL LETTER TE
       365   245   F5     õ     CYRILLIC CAPITAL LETTER U
       366   246   F6     ö     CYRILLIC CAPITAL LETTER ZHE
       367   247   F7     ÷     CYRILLIC CAPITAL LETTER VE
       370   248   F8     ø     CYRILLIC CAPITAL LETTER SOFT SIGN
       371   249   F9     ù     CYRILLIC CAPITAL LETTER YERU
       372   250   FA     ú     CYRILLIC CAPITAL LETTER ZE
       373   251   FB     û     CYRILLIC CAPITAL LETTER SHA
       374   252   FC     ü     CYRILLIC CAPITAL LETTER E
       375   253   FD     ý     CYRILLIC CAPITAL LETTER SHCHA
       376   254   FE     þ     CYRILLIC CAPITAL LETTER CHE
       377   255   FF     ÿ     CYRILLIC CAPITAL LETTER HARD SIGN

SEE ALSO

       ascii(7), iso-8859-5(7), koi8-u(7), RFC 1489, http://koi8.pp.ru/

COLOPHON

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       description of the project, and information about reporting  bugs,  can
       be found at http://man7.org/linux/man-pages/.