Provided by: libsvga1_1.4.3-31_amd64 bug

NAME

       vgagl - a fast framebuffer-level graphics library based on svgalib

TABLE OF CONTENTS

       0. Introduction
       1. How to use vgagl
       2. Description of vgagl functions
       3. Macros defined in vgagl.h

0. INTRODUCTION

       This  is a fast framebuffer-level graphics library for linear 1, 2, 3 and 4 byte-per-pixel
       modes (256-color, hicolor, truecolor). It uses a limited number of functions from  svgalib
       (libvga)  for  low-level  hardware  communication  (the library is included in the svgalib
       shared image).

       In particular, svgalib(7) maps the 64K VGA frame buffer window, and this library  directly
       addresses  the buffer. For SVGA modes that use more than 64K of screen memory, SVGA paging
       is required when writing to the physical screen;  this  is  done  automatically  for  most
       functions (at a certain cost).

       Alternatively,  any  number  of  virtual screens of any type in system memory can be used,
       which can then be copied to the physical screen. There is also support  for  4  bytes  per
       pixel  framebuffers  (and copying them to a 3 bytes per pixel context), and limited planar
       256 color mode support (copyscreen, aligned putbox).

       The planar 256 color modes (available on all VGA cards) can now be  used  with  a  virtual
       screen, which is copied to the physical screen (with optional page-flipping).

       Bitmaps  are  raw,  with one (or more) bytes per pixel (like pixmaps in X), stored in row-
       major order. They are usually manipulated with the getbox and putbox functions.

       vgagl does also make use of the graphic cards accelerator (if it  is  supported)  in  some
       situations.

       A  graphics  context  is  just  a structure that holds the size of the associated graphics
       screen, how it is organized, clipping status etc. You can define a custom virtual  (system
       memory)  graphics  context of any size with the setcontextvirtual function. All operations
       work on the current context.

       Any questions, bug-reports, additions, suggestions etc. are welcome.

1. HOW TO USE VGAGL

       Programs that use vgagl must #include <vgagl.h>.  Linking must be done with -lvgagl -lvga.

       Functions in the vgagl library have the prefix gl_*.  To initialize  vgagl,  the  graphics
       context must be set. Example:

              vga_setmode(G320x200x256);
              gl_setcontextvga(G320x200x256);

       In this example, the context is set to the physical screen. The context can be saved (only
       the screen type, not the contents) into a variable, e.g.

              GraphicsContext physicalscreen;
              gl_getcontext(&physicalscreen).

       To define a virtual screen in system memory, use gl_setcontextvgavirtual(3):

              gl_setcontextvgavirtual(G320x200x256)

       which allocates space for a screen identical to 320x200x256 graphics mode, and makes  this
       virtual screen the current graphics context.

       The virtual screen can now be copied to the physical screen as follows:

              gl_copyscreen(&physicalscreen);

       Note  that  with  a  virtual  screen in system memory, it is possible to add fast X-Window
       support to a program, using MITSHM to copy the framebuffer to the screen window.

2. DESCRIPTION OF VGAGL FUNCTIONS

   Context management
       gl_getcontext(3), currentcontext(3)
              get the current graphics contents..
       gl_setcontext(3)
              set a previously saved context.
       gl_setcontextvga(3)
              set the context to the physical screen.
       gl_setcontextvgavirtual(3)
              set the context to a virtual mode.
       gl_setcontextvirtual(3)
              define a virtual context.
       gl_allocatecontext(3)
              allocate a graphics context.
       gl_freecontext(3)
              free a virtual screen.
       gl_setcontextwidth(3), gl_setcontextheight(3)
              set the dimension of a context.

   Drawing primitives
       gl_clearscreen(3)
              clear the screen.
       gl_rgbcolor(3)
              return pixel value corresponding to an rgb color.
       gl_setpixel(3), gl_setpixelrgb(3)
              draw a pixel.
       gl_getpixel(3)
              return the color of a pixel.
       gl_getpixelrgb(3)
              store color components of a pixel.
       gl_hline(3)
              draw a horizontal line.
       gl_line(3)
              draw a line.
       gl_circle(3)
              draw a circle.
       gl_fillbox(3)
              fill a rectangular area.

   Copying of screen buffers and page flipping
       gl_copyscreen(3)
              copy the screen contents of contexts.
       gl_setscreenoffset(3)
              set a memory offset for copyscreen.
       gl_setdisplaystart(3)
              set the start of the screen are displayed.
       gl_enablepageflipping(3)
              enables automatic page flipping.

   Clipping
       gl_disableclipping(3)
              disables clipping.
       gl_enableclipping(3)
              enables clipping.
       gl_setclippingwindow(3)
              set the clipping window.

   Text drawing primitives
       gl_setfont(3)
              set the text font to be used.
       gl_setfontcolors(3)
              set the font colors.
       gl_expandfont(3)
              expand a packed pixel font.
       gl_colorfont(3)
              change the color of a font.
       gl_setwritemode(3)
              set the font writemode flags.
       gl_write(3), gl_writen(3)
              write a text string.
       gl_printf(3)
              formatted output to the graphics screen.
       gl_font8x8(3)
              a packed 8x8 pixel font.

   Pix- and Bitmap drawing
       gl_getbox(3)
              copy a rectangular pixmap from the screen to a buffer.
       gl_copybox(3)
              copy a rectangular screen area.
       gl_copyboxfromcontext(3)
              copy rectangular area from another context.
       gl_copyboxtocontext(3)
              copy a rectangular area to another context.
       gl_putbox(3)
              copy a pixmap to a rectangular area.
       gl_putboxpart(3)
              copy a partial pixmap to a rectangular area.
       gl_putboxmask(3)
              copy a masked  pixmap to a rectangular area.
       gl_putboxmaskcompiled(3)
              copy a compiled masked pixmap to a rectangular area.
       gl_compileboxmask(3)
              compress a masked bitmap.
       gl_compiledboxmasksize(3)
              compute the size of a compiled masked box.
       gl_scalebox(3)
              scale a pixmap.

   Palette handling
       gl_getpalettecolor(3), gl_getpalettecolors(3), gl_getpalette(3)
              read the color palette.
       gl_setpalettecolor(3), gl_setpalettecolors(3), gl_setpalette(3)
              set the color palette.
       gl_setrgbpalette(3)
              set a 256-color RGB palette.

   Triangle primitives from threeDkit
       gl_striangle(3)
              draw a solid colored triangle.
       gl_triangle(3)
              draw a triangle with interpolated colors.
       gl_swtriangle(3)
              draw a solid pixmap mapped on a triangle.
       gl_wtriangle(3)
              draw a shadowed pixmap mapped on a triangle.
       gl_trisetcolorlookup(3), gl_trigetcolorlookup(3)
              manages a color lookup table for shadowing.
       gl_trisetdrawpoint(3)
              set a triangle drawing function.

3. MACROS DEFINED IN VGAGL.H:

       WIDTH  The width in pixels of the current graphics context.

       HEIGHT Height in pixels.

       BYTESPERPIXEL
              Number of bytes per pixel (1, 2, 3 or 4).

       BYTEWIDTH
              Width of a scanline in bytes.

       COLORS Number of colors.

       BITSPERPIXEL
              Number of significant color bits.

       VBUF   Address of the framebuffer.

       __clip Clipping flag.

       __clipx1
       __clipy1
              Top-left corner of clipping window.

       __clipx2
       __clipy2
              Bottom-right corner of clipping window.

BUGS

       For three bytes per pixel (true color) modes, it is possible  that  pixels  cross  a  SVGA
       segment  boundary.  This  should  be  correctly handled   by most functions, but you never
       know. It can be avoided by using a logical scanline length that is a divisor of  65536  (a
       power  of  2),  like 1024 (as opposed to 960) for 320x200 and 2048 (1920) for 640x480. For
       800x600, this is impractical (4096 as opposed to 2400 doesn't fit in 2MB).  Alternatively,
       avoid those functions by using a virtual screen.

SEE ALSO

       svgalib(7),      libvga.config(5),     testgl(6),     threedkit(7),     currentcontext(3),
       gl_allocatecontext(3),       gl_circle(3),       gl_clearscreen(3),       gl_colorfont(3),
       gl_compileboxmask(3),  gl_compiledboxmasksize(3), gl_copybox(3), gl_copyboxfromcontext(3),
       gl_copyboxtocontext(3),  gl_copyscreen(3),  gl_disableclipping(3),   gl_enableclipping(3),
       gl_enablepageflipping(3),       gl_expandfont(3),       gl_fillbox(3),      gl_font8x8(3),
       gl_freecontext(3),        gl_getbox(3),        gl_getcontext(3),         gl_getpalette(3),
       gl_getpalettecolor(3),    gl_getpalettecolors(3),    gl_getpixel(3),    gl_getpixelrgb(3),
       gl_hline(3),   gl_line(3),   gl_putbox(3),   gl_putboxmask(3),   gl_putboxmaskcompiled(3),
       gl_putboxpart(3),       gl_rgbcolor(3),      gl_scalebox(3),      gl_setclippingwindow(3),
       gl_setcontext(3), gl_setcontextheight(3), gl_setcontextvga(3), gl_setcontextvgavirtual(3),
       gl_setcontextvirtual(3),   gl_setcontextwidth(3),   gl_setdisplaystart(3),  gl_setfont(3),
       gl_setfontcolors(3),  gl_setpalette(3),   gl_setpalettecolor(3),   gl_setpalettecolors(3),
       gl_setpixel(3),     gl_setpixelrgb(3),     gl_setrgbpalette(3),     gl_setscreenoffset(3),
       gl_setwritemode(3),       gl_striangle(3),        gl_swtriangle(3),        gl_triangle(3),
       gl_trigetcolorlookup(3),   gl_trisetcolorlookup(3),   gl_trisetdrawpoint(3),  gl_write(3),
       gl_writen(3), gl_wtriangle(3).

AUTHOR

       There are many authors of svgalib. This page was edited  by  Michael  Weller  <eowmob@exp-
       math.uni-essen.de>.   The  original  documentation  and  most  of  vgagl  was done by Harm
       Hanemaayer <H.Hanemaayer@inter.nl.net> though.