Provided by: libzmq-dev_2.1.11-1ubuntu1_amd64 bug

NAME

       zmq - 0MQ lightweight messaging kernel

SYNOPSIS

       #include <zmq.h>

       cc [flags] files -lzmq [libraries]

DESCRIPTION

       The 0MQ lightweight messaging kernel is a library which extends the standard socket
       interfaces with features traditionally provided by specialised messaging middleware
       products. 0MQ sockets provide an abstraction of asynchronous message queues, multiple
       messaging patterns, message filtering (subscriptions), seamless access to multiple
       transport protocols and more.

       This documentation presents an overview of 0MQ concepts, describes how 0MQ abstracts
       standard sockets and provides a reference manual for the functions provided by the 0MQ
       library.

   Context
       Before using any 0MQ library functions the caller must initialise a 0MQ context using
       zmq_init(). The following functions are provided to handle initialisation and termination
       of a context:

       Initialise 0MQ context

           zmq_init(3)

       Terminate 0MQ context

           zmq_term(3)

       Thread safety
           A 0MQ context is thread safe and may be shared among as many application threads as
           necessary, without any additional locking required on the part of the caller.

           Individual 0MQ sockets are not thread safe except in the case where full memory
           barriers are issued when migrating a socket from one thread to another. In practice
           this means applications can create a socket in one thread with zmq_socket() and then
           pass it to a newly created thread as part of thread initialization, for example via a
           structure passed as an argument to pthread_create().

       Multiple contexts
           Multiple contexts may coexist within a single application. Thus, an application can
           use 0MQ directly and at the same time make use of any number of additional libraries
           or components which themselves make use of 0MQ as long as the above guidelines
           regarding thread safety are adhered to.

   Messages
       A 0MQ message is a discrete unit of data passed between applications or components of the
       same application. 0MQ messages have no internal structure and from the point of view of
       0MQ itself they are considered to be opaque binary data.

       The following functions are provided to work with messages:

       Initialise a message

           zmq_msg_init(3) zmq_msg_init_size(3) zmq_msg_init_data(3)

       Release a message

           zmq_msg_close(3)

       Access message content

           zmq_msg_data(3) zmq_msg_size(3)

       Message manipulation

           zmq_msg_copy(3) zmq_msg_move(3)

   Sockets
       0MQ sockets present an abstraction of a asynchronous message queue, with the exact
       queueing semantics depending on the socket type in use. See zmq_socket(3) for the socket
       types provided.

       The following functions are provided to work with sockets:

       Creating a socket

           zmq_socket(3)

       Closing a socket

           zmq_close(3)

       Manipulating socket options

           zmq_getsockopt(3) zmq_setsockopt(3)

       Establishing a message flow

           zmq_bind(3) zmq_connect(3)

       Sending and receiving messages

           zmq_send(3) zmq_recv(3)

       Input/output multiplexing. 0MQ provides a mechanism for applications to multiplex
       input/output events over a set containing both 0MQ sockets and standard sockets. This
       mechanism mirrors the standard poll() system call, and is described in detail in
       zmq_poll(3).

   Transports
       A 0MQ socket can use multiple different underlying transport mechanisms. Each transport
       mechanism is suited to a particular purpose and has its own advantages and drawbacks.

       The following transport mechanisms are provided:

       Unicast transport using TCP

           zmq_tcp(7)

       Reliable multicast transport using PGM

           zmq_pgm(7)

       Local inter-process communication transport

           zmq_ipc(7)

       Local in-process (inter-thread) communication transport

           zmq_inproc(7)

   Devices
       0MQ provides devices, which are building blocks that act as intermediate nodes in complex
       messaging topologies. Devices can act as brokers that other nodes connect to, proxies that
       connect through to other nodes, or any mix of these two models.

       You can start a device in an application thread, see zmq_device(3).

ERROR HANDLING

       The 0MQ library functions handle errors using the standard conventions found on POSIX
       systems. Generally, this means that upon failure a 0MQ library function shall return
       either a NULL value (if returning a pointer) or a negative value (if returning an
       integer), and the actual error code shall be stored in the errno variable.

       On non-POSIX systems some users may experience issues with retrieving the correct value of
       the errno variable. The zmq_errno() function is provided to assist in these cases; for
       details refer to zmq_errno(3).

       The zmq_strerror() function is provided to translate 0MQ-specific error codes into error
       message strings; for details refer to zmq_strerror(3).

MISCELLANEOUS

       The following miscellaneous functions are provided:

       Report 0MQ library version

           zmq_version(3)

LANGUAGE BINDINGS

       The 0MQ library provides interfaces suitable for calling from programs in any language;
       this documentation documents those interfaces as they would be used by C programmers. The
       intent is that programmers using 0MQ from other languages shall refer to this
       documentation alongside any documentation provided by the vendor of their language
       binding.

   C++ language binding
       The 0MQ distribution includes a C++ language binding, which is documented separately in
       zmq_cpp(7).

   Other language bindings
       Other language bindings (Python, Ruby, Java and more) are provided by members of the 0MQ
       community and pointers can be found on the 0MQ website.

AUTHORS

       This 0MQ manual page was written by Martin Sustrik <sustrik@250bpm.com[1]> and Martin
       Lucina <mato@kotelna.sk[2]>.

RESOURCES

       Main web site: http://www.zeromq.org/

       Report bugs to the 0MQ development mailing list: <zeromq-dev@lists.zeromq.org[3]>

COPYING

       Free use of this software is granted under the terms of the GNU Lesser General Public
       License (LGPL). For details see the files COPYING and COPYING.LESSER included with the 0MQ
       distribution.

NOTES

        1. sustrik@250bpm.com
           mailto:sustrik@250bpm.com

        2. mato@kotelna.sk
           mailto:mato@kotelna.sk

        3. zeromq-dev@lists.zeromq.org
           mailto:zeromq-dev@lists.zeromq.org