Provided by: audispd-plugins_1.7.18-1ubuntu1_amd64 bug

NAME

       audispd-zos-remote - z/OS Remote-services Audit dispatcher plugin

SYNOPSIS

       audispd-zos-remote [ config-file ]

DESCRIPTION

       audispd-zos-remote  is  a  remote-auditing  plugin  for  the Audit subsystem. It should be
       started by the audispd(8) daemon and will forward  all  incoming  audit  events,  as  they
       happen,  to  a  configured z/OS SMF (Service Management Facility) database, through an IBM
       Tivoli Directory Server (ITDS) set for Remote Audit  service.   See  SMF  MAPPING  section
       below for more information about the resulting SMF record format.

       audispd(8)  must  be  configured to start the plugin. This is done by a configuration file
       usually located at /etc/audisp/plugins.d/audispd-zos-remote.conf, but  multiple  instances
       can  be  spawned  by  having multiple configuration files in /etc/audisp/plugins.d for the
       same plugin executable (see audispd(8)).

       Each    instance    needs    a    configuration    file,    located    by    default    at
       /etc/audisp/zos-remote.conf.   Check  zos-remote.conf(5)  for  details  about  the  plugin
       configuration.

OPTIONS

       config-file
              Use an alternate configuration file instead of /etc/audisp/zos-remote.conf.

SIGNALS

       audispd-zos-remote reacts to SIGTERM and  SIGHUP  signals  (according  to  the  audispd(8)
       specification):

       SIGHUP Instructs  the  audispd-zos-remote  plugin  to re-read it's configuration and flush
              existing network connections.

       SIGTERM
              Performs a clean exit.  audispd-zos-remote will wait up to 10 seconds if there  are
              queued  events  to  be  delivered,  dropping any remaining queued events after that
              time.

IBM z/OS ITDS Server and RACF configuration

       In order to use this plugin, you must have an IBM z/OS v1R8 (or higher)  server  with  IBM
       Tivoli  Directory  Server  (ITDS)  configured  for Remote Audit service. For more detailed
       information about how to configure the z/OS server for  Remote  Auditing,  refer  to  z/OS
       V1R8.0-9.0  Intergrated  Security  Services  Enterprise  Identity  Mapping (EIM) Guide and
       Reference
       (http://publibz.boulder.ibm.com/cgi-bin/bookmgr_OS390/FRAMESET/EIMA1140/CCONTENTS?DT=20070827115119),
       chapter "2.0 - Working with remote services".

   Enable ITDS to process Remote Audit requests
       To enable ITSD to process Remote Audit requests, the user ID associated with ITDS must  be
       granted  READ access to the IRR.AUDITX FACILITY Class profile (the profile used to protect
       the R_Auditx service). This user ID can usually be found in the STARTED Class profile  for
       the  ITDS  started  procedure.  If  the  identity  associated  with  ITDS is ITDSUSER, the
       administrator can configure RACF to grant Remote Auditing  processing  to  ITDS  with  the
       following TSO commands:

       TSO Commands: Grant ITDSUSER READ access to IRR.AUDITX FACILITY Class profile
              rdefine FACILITY IRR.RAUDITX uacc(none)
              permit IRR.RAUDITX class(FACILITY) id(ITDSUSER) access(READ)

   Create/enable RACF user ID to perform Remote Audit requests
       A  z/OS RACF user ID is needed by the plugin - Every Audit request performed by the plugin
       will use a RACF user ID, as configured in  the  plugin  configuration  zos-remote.conf(5).
       This  user  ID  needs READ access to FACILITY Class resource IRR.LDAP.REMOTE.AUDIT. If the
       user ID is BINDUSER, the administrator can configure RACF to enable this user  to  perform
       Remote Auditing requests with the following TSO commands:

       TSO Commands: Enable BINDUSER to perform Remote Audit requests
              rdefine FACILITY IRR.LDAP.REMOTE.AUDIT uacc(none)
              permit IRR.LDAP.REMOTE.AUDIT class(FACILITY) id(BINDUSER) access(READ)

   Add @LINUX Class to RACF
       When  performing  remote  auditing  requests,  the  audispd-zos-remote plugin will use the
       special @LINUX CDT Class and the audit record type (eg.: SYSCALL, AVC,  PATH...)   as  the
       CDT  Resource  Class  for  all events processed.  To make sure events are logged, the RACF
       server must be configured with a Dynamic CDT Class named @LINUX  with  correct  sizes  and
       attributes. The following TSO commands can be used to add this class:

       TSO Commands: Add @LINUX CDT Class
              rdefine cdt @LINUX cdtinfo(posit(493) FIRST(alpha,national,numeric,special) OTHER(alpha,national,numeric,special) RACLIST(REQUIRED) case(asis) generic(allowed) defaultuacc(none) maxlength(246))
              setr classact(cdt)
              setr raclist(cdt)
              setr raclist(cdt) refresh
              setr classact(@LINUX)
              setr raclist(@LINUX)
              setr generic(@LINUX)

   Add profiles to the @LINUX Class
       Once  the  CDT  Class  has  been defined, you can add profiles to it, specifying resources
       (wildcards allowed) to log or ignore. The following are examples:

       TSO Commands: Log only AVC records (One generic and one discrete profile):
              rdefine @LINUX * uacc(none) audit(none(read))
              rdefine @LINUX AVC uacc(none) audit(all(read))
              setr raclist(@LINUX) refresh

       TSO Commands: Log everything (One generic profile):
              rdefine @LINUX * uacc(none) audit(all(read))
              setr raclist(@LINUX) refresh

       Resources always match the single profile with the best match.

       There are many other  ways  to  define  logging  in  RACF.  Please  refer  to  the  server
       documentation for more details.

SMF Mapping

       The  ITDS  Remote  Audit  service  will  cut SMF records of type 83 subtype 4 everytime it
       processes a request. This plugin will issue a remote  audit  request  for  every  incoming
       Linux  Audit  record  (meaning that one Linux record will map to one SMF record), and fill
       this type's records with the following:

   Link Value
       The Linux event serial number, encoded in network-byte order  hexadecimal  representation.
       Records within the same Event share the same Link Value.

   Violation
       Always zero (0) - False

   Event Code
       Always two (2) - Authorization event

   Event Qualifier
       Zero (0) - Success, if the event reported success=yes or res=success, Three (3) - Fail, if
       the event reported success=no or res=failed, or One (1) - Info otherwise.

   Class
       Always @LINUX

   Resource
       The Linux record type for the processed record. e.g.: SYSCALL,AVC,PATH,CWD etc.

   Log String
       Textual message bringing the RACF user ID used to perform  the  request,  plus  the  Linux
       hostname  and  the  record  type for the first record in the processed event. e.g.: Remote
       audit request from RACFUSER. Linux (hostname.localdomain):USER_AUTH

   Data Field List
       Also known as relocates, this list will  bring  all  the  field  names  and  values  in  a
       fieldname=value  format,  as  a  type 114 (Appication specific Data) relocate. The plug-in
       will try to interpret those fields (i.e.: use  human-readable  username  root  instead  of
       numeric  userid 0) whenever possible. Currently, this plugin will also add a relocate type
       113 (Date And Time Security Event Occurred) with the Event  Timestamp  in  the  format  as
       returned by ctime(3).

ERRORS

       Errors  and  warnings  are reported to syslog (under DAEMON facility). In situations where
       the event was submitted but the z/OS  server  returned  an  error  condition,  the  logged
       message  brings  a  name  followed  by a human-readable description. Below are some common
       errors conditions:

       NOTREQ - No logging required
              Resource (audit record type) is not set to be logged  in  the  RACF  server  -  The
              @LINUX  Class  profile  governing  this audit record type is set to ignore. See IBM
              z/OS RACF Server configuration

       UNDETERMINED - Undetermined result
              No profile found for specified resource. There is no @LINUX Class configured or  no
              @LINUX  Class  profile  associated  with  this audit record type. See IBM z/OS RACF
              Server configuration

       UNAUTHORIZED - The user does not have authority the R_auditx service
              The user ID associated with the ITDS doesn't have READ  access  to  the  IRR.AUDITX
              FACILITY Class profile. See IBM z/OS RACF Server configuration

       UNSUF_AUTH - The user has unsuficient authority for the requested function
              The  RACF  user  ID  used  to  perform Remote Audit requests (as configured in zos-
              remote.conf(5)) don't have  access  to  the  IRR.LDAP.REMOTE.AUDIT  FACILITY  Class
              profile. See IBM z/OS RACF Server configuration

BUGS

       The plugin currently does remote auditing in a best-effort basis, and will dischard events
       in case the z/OS server cannot be contacted (network failures) or in any other  case  that
       event submission fails.

FILES

       /etc/audisp/plugins.d/audispd-zos-remote.conf /etc/audisp/zos-remote.conf

SEE ALSO

       auditd(8), zos-remote.conf(5).

AUTHOR

       Klaus Heinrich Kiwi <klausk@br.ibm.com>