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NAME

       mail.local - store mail in a mailbox

SYNOPSIS

       mail.local [-7] [-b] [-d] [-D mbdb] [-l] [-f from|-r from] [-h filename ] user ...

DESCRIPTION

       Mail.local  reads  the  standard  input up to an end-of-file and appends it to each user's
       mail file.  The user must be a valid user name.

       The options are as follows:

       -7        Do not advertise 8BITMIME support in LMTP mode.

       -b        Return a permanent error instead of a  temporary  error  if  a  mailbox  exceeds
                 quota.

       -d        Specify  this  is  a  delivery (for backward compatibility).  This option has no
                 effect.

       -D mbdb   Specify the name of the  mailbox  database  which  is  used  to  look  up  local
                 recipient names.  This option defaults to "pw", which means use getpwnam().

       -f from   Specify the sender's name.

       -l        Turn on LMTP mode.

       -r from   Specify the sender's name (for backward compatibility).  Same as -f.

       -h filename
                 Store incoming mail in filename in the user's home directory instead of a system
                 mail spool directory.

       The next options are only available if mail.local has been compiled with -DHASHSPOOL.

       -H hashtypehashdepth
              Select hashed mail directories.  Valid hash types are u for user name and m for MD5
              (requires  compilation  with  -DHASHSPOOLMD5).   Example:  -H  u2 selects user name
              hashing with a hash depth of 2.  Note: there must be no space between the hash type
              and the depth.

       -p path
              Specify an alternate mail spool path.

       -n     Specify  that  the  domain  part  of recipient addresses in LMTP mode should not be
              stripped.

       Individual mail messages in the mailbox are delimited by an empty line followed by a  line
       beginning with the string ``From ''.  A line containing the string ``From '', the sender's
       name and a time stamp is prepended to each  delivered  mail  message.   A  blank  line  is
       appended  to  each  message.  A greater-than character (``>'') is prepended to any line in
       the message which could be mistaken for a ``From  ''  delimiter  line  (that  is,  a  line
       beginning with the five characters ``From '' following a blank line).

       The  mail  files  are  exclusively  locked  with  flock(2)  while  mail is appended, and a
       user.lock file also is created while the mailbox is locked for  compatibility  with  older
       MUAs.

       If  the  ``biff''  service is returned by getservbyname(3), the biff server is notified of
       delivered mail.

       The mail.local utility exits 0 on success, and >0 if an error occurs.

ENVIRONMENT

       TZ     Used to set the appropriate time zone on the timestamp.

FILES

       /tmp/local.XXXXXX     temporary files
       /var/mail/user        user's default mailbox directory
       /var/mail/user.lock   lock file for a user's default mailbox

SEE ALSO

       mail(1), xsend(1), flock(2), getservbyname(3), comsat(8), sendmail(8)

WARNING

       mail.local escapes only "^From " lines that follow an empty line.  If all  lines  starting
       with  "From  " should be escaped, use the 'E' flag for the local mailer in the sendmail.cf
       file.

HISTORY

       A superset of mail.local (handling mailbox reading as well as mail delivery)  appeared  in
       Version 7 AT&T UNIX as the program mail.

                                   $Date: 2003/10/20 20:26:51 $                     MAIL.LOCAL(8)