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       news.daily - do regular Usenet system administration


       news.daily [ keyword...  ]


       News.daily   performs  a  number  of  important  Usenet  administrative
       functions.  This includes producing a status report, removing old  news
       articles,  processing  log  files,  rotating  the  archived  log files,
       renumbering the active file, removing any old socket files found in the
       ``firewall'' directory, and collecting the output.  This program should
       be run under the news administrator's id, not as root.

       By default, news.daily performs all of  its  functions  and  mails  the
       output  to  the news administrator, usenet.  By specifying ``keywords''
       on the command line, it is possible to modify the functions  performed,
       as well as change the arguments given to expire(8) and expireover(8).

       News.daily  should be run once a day, typically out of cron(8).  It may
       be run more often,  but  such  invocations  should  at  least  use  the
       ``notdaily''  keyword to prevent the log files from being processed and
       rotated too fast.

       The shlock(1) program is used to prevent simultaneous executions.


       The following keywords may be used:

              This uses the ``-z'' flag when invoking expire  and  expireover.
              The  names  of articles to be removed are written to a temporary
              file, and then removed after expiration by calling expirerm(8).

              Specify the file to use as the expire.ctl(5) file for expire.

              By default, expire builds the new history(5) file  and  database
              in  the same directory as the current files.  Using this keyword
              specifies a different local to build the new files  (by  passing
              the  ''-d''  flag  to  expire),  which will then be moved to the
              right location when finished.

       nostat This keyword disables the status  report  generated  by  innstat
              (see  newslog(8)).   Without  this keyword, the status report is
              the first  function  performed,  just  prior  to  obtaining  the
              news.daily lock.

              By  default  news.daily  expects to be run only once a day.  Use
              this keyword any extra times news.daily is run in  the  day  and
              the normal logfile processing (and rotation) will not be done.

              By  default,  expire  is  invoked  to  remove old news articles.
              Using this keyword disables this function.

              Expire normally appends information to  /var/log/news/expire.log
              (see  newslog(5)).   Using this keyword causes the expire output
              to be handled as part of news.daily's output.  It has no  effect
              if the ``noexpire'' keyword is used.

       flags='expire args'
              By  default,  expire is invoked with the an argument of ``-v1''.
              Using this keyword changes the arguments to those specified.  Be
              careful  to  use  quotes if multiple arguments are needed.  This
              keyword has no effect if the ``noexpire'' keyword is used.

       nologs After expiration, scanlogs(8) is  invoked  to  process  the  log
              files.    Using   this   keyword  disables  all  log  processing

              By default, log processing includes rotating  and  cleaning  out
              log  files.   Using  this  keyword  disables  the  rotating  and
              cleaning aspect of the log processing: the logs files  are  only
              scanned for information and no contents are altered.

              This  keyword  has  no effect if the ``nologs'' keyword is used.
              The ``norotate'' keyword is passed  on  to  scanlogs  if  it  is

              This   keyword   disables  the  ctlinnd(8)  renumber  operation.
              Normally, the low-water mark for all newsgroups (see  active(5))
              is reset.

       norm   By default, any socket ctlinnd socket that has not been modified
              for two days will be removed.  Using this keyword disables  this

       nomail News.daily  normally sends a mail message containing the results
              to the administrator.  Using this keyword causes this message to
              be  sent  to stdout and stderr instead.  Normally, all utilities
              invoked by the script have their stdout  and  stderr  redirected
              into a file.  If the file is empty, no message is sent.

              The  expireover  program is called after expiration to purge the
              overview databases.

       expireoverflags='expireover args'
              If the ``expireover'' keyword is used, this keyword may be  used
              to  specify  the  flags  to  be  passed  to  expireover.  If the
              ``delayrm'' keyword is used, then the default  value  is  ``-z''
              and  the  list of deleted files; otherwise, the default value is

              The program specified by the given path is executed just  before
              any  expiration  is  done.   A  typical  use  is  to  specify an
              alternate expiration program and use the  ``noexpire''  keyword.
              Multiple  programs  may  be  specified;  they will be invoked in


       News.daily  and  this  manual  page  written  by   Landon   Curt   Noll
       <> and Rich $alz <>.  This is revision
       1.11, dated 1996/12/10.


       active(5), ctlinnd(8), expire(8),  fastrm(8),  newslog(5),  newslog(8),
       innwatch.ctl(5), shlock(1).