Provided by: nsd3_3.2.9-1_amd64 bug


       nsd - Name Server Daemon (NSD) version 3.2.9.


       nsd [-4] [-6] [-a ip-address[@port]] [-c configfile] [-d] [-f database] [-h] [-i identity]
       [-I nsid] [-l logfile] [-N server-count] [-n noncurrent-tcp-count] [-P pidfile] [-p  port]
       [-s seconds] [-t chrootdir] [-u username] [-V level] [-v]


       NSD  is  a  complete implementation of an authoritative DNS nameserver.  Upon startup, NSD
       will read the database specified with -f database argument and put itself into  background
       and  answers  queries  on  port  53 or a different port specified with -p port option. The
       database must be generated beforehand with zonec(8). By default,  NSD  will  bind  to  all
       local  interfaces  available.  Use  the  -a  ip-address[@port]  option to specify a single
       particular interface address to be bound. If this option is given more than once, NSD will
       bind  its  UDP  and  TCP  sockets to all the specified ip-addresses separately. If IPv6 is
       enabled when NSD is compiled an IPv6 address can also be specified.


       All the options can be specified in the configfile ( -c argument), except for the  -v  and
       -h  options.  If  options are specified on the commandline, the options on the commandline
       take precedence over the options in the configfile.

       Normally  NSD  should  be  started  with  the  `nsdc(8)  start`  command  invoked  from  a
       /etc/rc.d/ script or similar at the operating system startup.

       -4     Only listen to IPv4 connections.

       -6     Only listen to IPv6 connections.

       -a ip-address[@port]
              Listen  to  the  specified ip-address.  The ip-address must be specified in numeric
              format (using the standard IPv4 or IPv6 notation). Optionally, a port number can be
              given.   This  flag  can  be  specified  multiple  times  to  listen to multiple IP
              addresses. If this flag is not specified, NSD listens to the wildcard interface.

       -c configfile
              Read specified configfile instead of the default  /etc/nsd3/nsd.conf.   For  format
              description see nsd.conf(5).

       -d     Turn on debugging mode, do not fork, stay in the foreground.

       -f database
              Use  the  specified  database instead of the default of /var/lib/nsd3/nsd.db.  If a
              zonesdir: is specified in the config  file  this  path  can  be  relative  to  that

       -h     Print help information and exit.

       -i identity
              Return  the specified identity when asked for CH TXT ID.SERVER (This option is used
              to determine which server is answering the queries when they  are  multicast).  The
              default is the name returned by gethostname(3).

       -I nsid
              Add  the specified nsid to the EDNS section of the answer when queried with an NSID
              EDNS enabled packet.

       -l logfile
              Log messages to the specified logfile.  The default is to log to stderr and syslog.
              If  a  zonesdir:  is specified in the config file this path can be relative to that

       -N count
              Start count NSD servers. The default is 1. Starting more than a  single  server  is
              only useful on machines with multiple CPUs and/or network adapters.

       -n number
              The maximum number of concurrent TCP connection that can be handled by each server.
              The default is 10.

       -P pidfile
              Use the specified pidfile instead of the platform specific default, which is mostly
              /var/run/nsd3/   If  a zonesdir: is specified in the config file, this path
              can be relative to that directory.

       -p port
              Answer the queries on the specified port.  Normally this is port 53.

       -s seconds
              Produce statistics dump every seconds seconds. This is equal to sending SIGUSR1  to
              the daemon periodically.

       -t chroot
              Specifies a directory to chroot to upon startup. This option requires you to ensure
              that  appropriate  syslogd(8)  socket  (e.g.   chrootdir  /dev/log)  is  available,
              otherwise NSD won't produce any log output.

       -u username
              Drop  user and group privileges to those of username after binding the socket.  The
              username must be one of: username, id, or id.gid. For example: nsd, 80, or 80.80.

       -V level
              This value specifies the verbosity level for (non-debug) logging.  Default is 0.

       -v     Print the version number of NSD to standard error and exit.

       NSD reacts to the following signals:

              Stop answering queries, shutdown, and exit normally.

       SIGHUP Reload the database.

              Dump BIND8-style statistics into the log. Ignored otherwise.


              default NSD database

              the process id of the name server.

              default NSD configuration file


       will log all the problems via the standard syslog(8) daemon facility, unless the -d option
       is specified.


       nsdc(8), nsd.conf(5), nsd-checkconf(8), nsd-notify(8), nsd-patch(8), nsd-xfer(8), zonec(8)


       NSD  was  written  by  NLnet  Labs and RIPE NCC joint team. Please see CREDITS file in the
       distribution for further details.


       NSD will answer the queries erroneously if the database was  not  properly  compiled  with
       zonec(8). Therefore problems with misconfigured master zone files or zonec(8) bugs may not
       be visible until the queries are actually answered with NSD.