Provided by: samba_3.6.3-2ubuntu2_amd64 bug

NAME

       pdbedit - manage the SAM database (Database of Samba Users)

SYNOPSIS

       pdbedit [-a] [-b passdb-backend] [-c account-control] [-C value] [-d debuglevel]
        [-D drive] [-e passdb-backend] [-f fullname] [--force-initialized-passwords] [-g]
        [-h homedir] [-i passdb-backend] [-I domain] [-K] [-L] [-m] [-M SID|RID] [-N description]
        [-P account-policy] [-p profile] [--policies-reset] [-r] [-s configfile] [-S script] [-t]
        [--time-format] [-u username] [-U SID|RID] [-v] [-V] [-w] [-x] [-y] [-z] [-Z]

DESCRIPTION

       This tool is part of the samba(7) suite.

       The pdbedit program is used to manage the users accounts stored in the sam database and
       can only be run by root.

       The pdbedit tool uses the passdb modular interface and is independent from the kind of
       users database used (currently there are smbpasswd, ldap, nis+ and tdb based and more can
       be added without changing the tool).

       There are five main ways to use pdbedit: adding a user account, removing a user account,
       modifing a user account, listing user accounts, importing users accounts.

OPTIONS

       -L|--list
           This option lists all the user accounts present in the users database. This option
           prints a list of user/uid pairs separated by the ´:´ character.

           Example: pdbedit -L

               sorce:500:Simo Sorce
               samba:45:Test User

       -v|--verbose
           This option enables the verbose listing format. It causes pdbedit to list the users in
           the database, printing out the account fields in a descriptive format.

           Example: pdbedit -L -v

               ---------------
               username:       sorce
               user ID/Group:  500/500
               user RID/GRID:  2000/2001
               Full Name:      Simo Sorce
               Home Directory: \\BERSERKER\sorce
               HomeDir Drive:  H:
               Logon Script:   \\BERSERKER\netlogon\sorce.bat
               Profile Path:   \\BERSERKER\profile
               ---------------
               username:       samba
               user ID/Group:  45/45
               user RID/GRID:  1090/1091
               Full Name:      Test User
               Home Directory: \\BERSERKER\samba
               HomeDir Drive:
               Logon Script:
               Profile Path:   \\BERSERKER\profile

       -w|--smbpasswd-style
           This option sets the "smbpasswd" listing format. It will make pdbedit list the users
           in the database, printing out the account fields in a format compatible with the
           smbpasswd file format. (see the smbpasswd(5) for details)

           Example: pdbedit -L -w

               sorce:500:508818B733CE64BEAAD3B435B51404EE:
                         D2A2418EFC466A8A0F6B1DBB5C3DB80C:
                         [UX         ]:LCT-00000000:
               samba:45:0F2B255F7B67A7A9AAD3B435B51404EE:
                         BC281CE3F53B6A5146629CD4751D3490:
                         [UX         ]:LCT-3BFA1E8D:

       -u|--user username
           This option specifies the username to be used for the operation requested (listing,
           adding, removing). It is required in add, remove and modify operations and optional in
           list operations.

       -f|--fullname fullname
           This option can be used while adding or modifing a user account. It will specify the
           user´s full name.

           Example: -f "Simo Sorce"

       -h|--homedir homedir
           This option can be used while adding or modifing a user account. It will specify the
           user´s home directory network path.

           Example: -h "\\\\BERSERKER\\sorce"

       -D|--drive drive
           This option can be used while adding or modifing a user account. It will specify the
           windows drive letter to be used to map the home directory.

           Example: -D "H:"

       -S|--script script
           This option can be used while adding or modifing a user account. It will specify the
           user´s logon script path.

           Example: -S "\\\\BERSERKER\\netlogon\\sorce.bat"

       -p|--profile profile
           This option can be used while adding or modifing a user account. It will specify the
           user´s profile directory.

           Example: -p "\\\\BERSERKER\\netlogon"

       -M|´--machine SID´ SID|rid
           This option can be used while adding or modifying a machine account. It will specify
           the machines´ new primary group SID (Security Identifier) or rid.

           Example: -M S-1-5-21-2447931902-1787058256-3961074038-1201

       -U|´--user SID´ SID|rid
           This option can be used while adding or modifying a user account. It will specify the
           users´ new SID (Security Identifier) or rid.

           Example: -U S-1-5-21-2447931902-1787058256-3961074038-5004

           Example: ´--user SID´ S-1-5-21-2447931902-1787058256-3961074038-5004

           Example: -U 5004

           Example: ´--user SID´ 5004

       -c|--account-control account-control
           This option can be used while adding or modifying a user account. It will specify the
           users´ account control property. Possible flags are listed below.

           ·   N: No password required

           ·   D: Account disabled

           ·   H: Home directory required

           ·   T: Temporary duplicate of other account

           ·   U: Regular user account

           ·   M: MNS logon user account

           ·   W: Workstation Trust Account

           ·   S: Server Trust Account

           ·   L: Automatic Locking

           ·   X: Password does not expire

           ·   I: Domain Trust Account

       Example: -c "[X ]"

       -K|--kickoff-time
           This option is used to modify the kickoff time for a certain user. Use "never" as
           argument to set the kickoff time to unlimited.

           Example: pdbedit -K never user

       -a|--create
           This option is used to add a user into the database. This command needs a user name
           specified with the -u switch. When adding a new user, pdbedit will also ask for the
           password to be used.

           Example: pdbedit -a -u sorce

               new password:
               retype new password

               Note
               pdbedit does not call the unix password syncronisation script if unix password
               sync has been set. It only updates the data in the Samba user database.

               If you wish to add a user and synchronise the password that immediately, use
               smbpasswd´s -a option.

       -t|--password-from-stdin
           This option causes pdbedit to read the password from standard input, rather than from
           /dev/tty (like the passwd(1) program does). The password has to be submitted twice and
           terminated by a newline each.

       -r|--modify
           This option is used to modify an existing user in the database. This command needs a
           user name specified with the -u switch. Other options can be specified to modify the
           properties of the specified user. This flag is kept for backwards compatibility, but
           it is no longer necessary to specify it.

       -m|--machine
           This option may only be used in conjunction with the -a option. It will make pdbedit
           to add a machine trust account instead of a user account (-u username will provide the
           machine name).

           Example: pdbedit -a -m -u w2k-wks

       -x|--delete
           This option causes pdbedit to delete an account from the database. It needs a username
           specified with the -u switch.

           Example: pdbedit -x -u bob

       -i|--import passdb-backend
           Use a different passdb backend to retrieve users than the one specified in smb.conf.
           Can be used to import data into your local user database.

           This option will ease migration from one passdb backend to another.

           Example: pdbedit -i smbpasswd:/etc/smbpasswd.old

       -e|--export passdb-backend
           Exports all currently available users to the specified password database backend.

           This option will ease migration from one passdb backend to another and will ease
           backing up.

           Example: pdbedit -e smbpasswd:/root/samba-users.backup

       -g|--group
           If you specify -g, then -i in-backend -e out-backend applies to the group mapping
           instead of the user database.

           This option will ease migration from one passdb backend to another and will ease
           backing up.

       -b|--backend passdb-backend
           Use a different default passdb backend.

           Example: pdbedit -b xml:/root/pdb-backup.xml -l

       -P|--account-policy account-policy
           Display an account policy

           Valid policies are: minimum password age, reset count minutes, disconnect time, user
           must logon to change password, password history, lockout duration, min password
           length, maximum password age and bad lockout attempt.

           Example: pdbedit -P "bad lockout attempt"

               account policy value for bad lockout attempt is 0

       -C|--value account-policy-value
           Sets an account policy to a specified value. This option may only be used in
           conjunction with the -P option.

           Example: pdbedit -P "bad lockout attempt" -C 3

               account policy value for bad lockout attempt was 0
               account policy value for bad lockout attempt is now 3

       -y|--policies
           If you specify -y, then -i in-backend -e out-backend applies to the account policies
           instead of the user database.

           This option will allow to migrate account policies from their default tdb-store into a
           passdb backend, e.g. an LDAP directory server.

           Example: pdbedit -y -i tdbsam: -e ldapsam:ldap://my.ldap.host

       --force-initialized-passwords
           This option forces all users to change their password upon next login.

       -N|--account-desc description
           This option can be used while adding or modifing a user account. It will specify the
           user´s description field.

           Example: -N "test description"

       -Z|--logon-hours-reset
           This option can be used while adding or modifing a user account. It will reset the
           user´s allowed logon hours. A user may login at any time afterwards.

           Example: -Z

       -z|--bad-password-count-reset
           This option can be used while adding or modifing a user account. It will reset the
           stored bad login counter from a specified user.

           Example: -z

       --policies-reset
           This option can be used to reset the general password policies stored for a domain to
           their default values.

           Example: --policies-reset

       -I|--domain
           This option can be used while adding or modifing a user account. It will specify the
           user´s domain field.

           Example: -I "MYDOMAIN"

       --time-format
           This option is currently not being used.

       -h|--help
           Print a summary of command line options.

       -d|--debuglevel=level
           level is an integer from 0 to 10. The default value if this parameter is not specified
           is 0.

           The higher this value, the more detail will be logged to the log files about the
           activities of the server. At level 0, only critical errors and serious warnings will
           be logged. Level 1 is a reasonable level for day-to-day running - it generates a small
           amount of information about operations carried out.

           Levels above 1 will generate considerable amounts of log data, and should only be used
           when investigating a problem. Levels above 3 are designed for use only by developers
           and generate HUGE amounts of log data, most of which is extremely cryptic.

           Note that specifying this parameter here will override the smb.conf.5.html# parameter
           in the smb.conf file.

       -V|--version
           Prints the program version number.

       -s|--configfile <configuration file>
           The file specified contains the configuration details required by the server. The
           information in this file includes server-specific information such as what printcap
           file to use, as well as descriptions of all the services that the server is to
           provide. See smb.conf for more information. The default configuration file name is
           determined at compile time.

       -l|--log-basename=logdirectory
           Base directory name for log/debug files. The extension ".progname" will be appended
           (e.g. log.smbclient, log.smbd, etc...). The log file is never removed by the client.

NOTES

       This command may be used only by root.

VERSION

       This man page is correct for version 3 of the Samba suite.

SEE ALSO

       smbpasswd(5), samba(7)

AUTHOR

       The original Samba software and related utilities were created by Andrew Tridgell. Samba
       is now developed by the Samba Team as an Open Source project similar to the way the Linux
       kernel is developed.

       The pdbedit manpage was written by Simo Sorce and Jelmer Vernooij.