Provided by: qmail_1.06-4_i386
qmail-remote - send mail via SMTP
qmail-remote host sender recip [ recip ... ]
qmail-remote reads a mail message from its input and sends the message
to one or more recipients at a remote host.
The remote host is qmail-remote's first argument, host. qmail-remote
sends the message to host, or to a mail exchanger for host listed in
the Domain Name System, via the Simple Mail Transfer Protocol (SMTP).
host can be either a fully-qualified domain name:
or an IP address enclosed in brackets:
The envelope recipient addresses are listed as recip arguments to
qmail-remote. The envelope sender address is listed as sender.
Note that qmail-remote does not take options and does not follow the
End-of-file in SMTP is encoded as dot CR LF. A dot at the beginning of
a line is encoded as dot dot. It is impossible in SMTP to send a
message that does not end with a newline. qmail-remote converts the
UNIX newline convention into the SMTP newline convention by inserting
CR before each LF.
It is a violation of the SMTP protocol to send a message that contains
long lines or non-ASCII characters. However, qmail-remote will happily
send such messages. It is the user's responsibility to avoid
generating illegal messages.
qmail-remote prints some number of recipient reports, followed by a
message report. Each report is terminated by a 0 byte. Each report
begins with a single letter:
r Recipient report: acceptance.
h Recipient report: permanent rejection.
s Recipient report: temporary rejection.
K Message report: success. host has taken responsibility for
delivering the message to each acceptable recipient.
Z Message report: temporary failure.
D Message report: permanent failure.
After this letter comes a human-readable description of what happened.
The recipient reports will always be printed in the same order as
qmail-remote's recip arguments. Note that in failure cases there may
be fewer recipient reports than recip arguments.
qmail-remote always exits zero.
Current host name, for use solely in saying hello to the remote
SMTP server. Default: me, if that is supplied; otherwise qmail-
remote refuses to run.
Artificial SMTP routes. Each route has the form domain:relay,
without any extra spaces. If domain matches host, qmail-remote
will connect to relay, as if host had relay as its only MX. (It
will also avoid doing any CNAME lookups on recip.) host may
include a colon and a port number to use instead of the normal
SMTP port, 25:
relay may be empty; this tells qmail-remote to look up MX records
as usual. smtproutes may include wildcards:
Here any address ending with .af.mil (but not af.mil itself) is
routed by its MX records; any other address is artificially routed
The qmail system does not protect you if you create an artificial
mail loop between machines. However, you are always safe using
smtproutes if you do not accept mail from the network.
Number of seconds qmail-remote will wait for the remote SMTP
server to accept a connection. Default: 60. The kernel normally
imposes a 75-second upper limit.
Number of seconds qmail-remote will wait for each response from
the remote SMTP server. Default: 1200.
addresses(5), envelopes(5), qmail-control(5), qmail-send(8), qmail-
smtpd(8), qmail-tcpok(8), qmail-tcpto(8)