Provided by: ssmtp_2.64-5build1_i386
ssmtp, sendmail - send a message using smtp
ssmtp [ flags ] [ address ... ]
/usr/lib/sendmail [ flags ] [ address ... ]
ssmtp is a send-only sendmail emulator for machines which normally pick
their mail up from a centralized mailhub (via pop, imap, nfs mounts or
other means). It provides the functionality required for humans and
programs to send mail via the standard or /usr/bin/mail user agents.
It accepts a mail stream on standard input with recipients specified on
the command line and synchronously forwards the message to the mail
transfer agent of a mailhub for the mailhub MTA to process. Failed
messages are placed in dead.letter in the sender's home directory.
Config files allow one to specify the address to receive mail from
root, daemon, etc.; a default mailhub; a default domain to be used in
From: lines; and per-user From: addresses and mailhub names.
It does not attempt to provide all the functionality of sendmail: it is
intended for use where other programs are the primary means of at last
mail delivery. It is usefull with pop/imap, or to simulate the Sun
shared mail spool option for non-Sun machines, for machines whose
sendmails are too difficult (or various) to configure, for machines
with known disfeatures in their sendmails or for ones where there are
It does not do aliasing, which must be done either in the user agent or
on the mailhub. Nor does it honor .forwards, which have to be done on
the recieving host. It especially does not deliver to pipelines.
Most sendmail options are irrelevent to sSMTP. Those marked ``ignored''
or ``default'' have no effect on mail transfer. Those marked
``unsupported'' are fatal errors. Those marked ``simulated'' are not
errors, but the result is for the program to exit with an informative
message. A sort of fatal non-error.
-4 Forces ssmtp to use IPv4 addresses only.
-6 Forces ssmtp to use IPv6 addresses only.
Specifies username for SMTP authentication.
Specifies password for SMTP authentication.
Specifies mechanism for SMTP authentication. (Only LOGIN and
-ba (unsupported) ARPANET mode. All input lines must end with a
LINEFEED, and all messages will be generated with a CR-LF at the
end. Also, the ``From:'' and ``Sender:'' fields are examined for
the name of the sender.
-bd (unsupported) Run as a daemon.
-bi (ignored) Initialise the alias database.
-bm (default) Deliver mail in the usual way.
-bp (simulated) Print a summary of the mail queue.
-bs (unsupported) Read SMTP commands from stdin.
-bt (unsupported) Run in address test mode.
-bv (unsupported) Verify names only.
-bz (unsupported) Create the configuration freeze file.
-Cfile Use alternate configuration file.
-dX Set debugging value to X.
-E (ignored) Don't trust userid of sender.
Set the full name of the sender.
-fname Sets the name of the ``from'' person. This option is valid only
if no From: line is specified within the header of the email.
-h (ignored) Set the hop count to N.
-m (ignored) Ignore originator in alias.
-Mid (ignored) Attempt to deliver the queued message with message-id
-N dsn (ignored) Set delivery status notification conditions to dsn.
-n (default) Do not do aliasing.
(ignored) Use alternate alias file.
-oc (ignored) Delay ``expensive'' connections.
-od (ignored) Set the delivery mode to interactive/synchronous,
background or queue (Always interactive).
-oD (ignored) Run newaliases if required.
-oe (ignored) Set error processing to mail, write, print or quit.
(ignored) The mode to use when creating temporary files.
-of (ignored) Save UNIX-system-style ``From'' lines at the front of
-ogN (ignored) Set group ID to use when calling mailers.
(ignored) Set SMTP help file.
-oi (default) Do not take dots on a line by themselves as a message
-oLn (ignored) The log level.
-om (default) Send to ``me'' (the sender) also if in an alias.
-oo (unsupported) If set, this message may have old style headers.
(ignored) Select the directory in which to queue messages.
(ignored) The timeout on reads.
(ignored) Save statistics in the named file.
-os (ignored) Always instantiate the queue.
(ignored) Set timeout on messages.
(ignored) Set the name of the time zone.
-ouN (ignored) Set the default user id for mailers.
(simulated) Process the queue.
-rname Same as -f.
(ignored) Process queue for recipient.
(ignored) Set the amount of the message to be returned if the
-t Read message, searching for recipients. ``To:'', `Cc:'', and
``Bcc:'' lines will be scanned for people to send to. Any
addresses in the argument list will be suppressed (not
-v Go into verbose mode.
-V Say version and quit.
A reverse alias gives the From: address placed on a user's outgoing
messages and (optionally) the mailhub these messages will be sent
Messages root sends will be identified as from firstname.lastname@example.org and sent
/etc/ssmtp/ssmtp.conf - configuration file
/etc/ssmtp/revaliases - reverse aliases file
RFC821, RFC822, ssmtp.conf(5).
Matt Ryan (email@example.com) Hugo Haas (firstname.lastname@example.org) Christoph
Lameter (email@example.com) Dave Collier-Brown (firstname.lastname@example.org)
sSMTP does not support exception lists to the -t option (never seen it
sSMTP will fail if the mailhub is unreachable.
Last change: 4 February 2005 SSMTP(8)