Provided by: ssmtp_2.64-5build1_i386 bug


       ssmtp, sendmail - send a message using smtp


       ssmtp [ flags ] [ address ... ]
       /usr/lib/sendmail [ flags ] [ address ... ]


       ssmtp is a send-only sendmail emulator for machines which normally pick
       their mail up from a centralized mailhub (via pop, imap, nfs mounts  or
       other  means).   It  provides the functionality required for humans and
       programs to send mail via the standard or /usr/bin/mail user agents.

       It accepts a mail stream on standard input with recipients specified on
       the  command  line  and  synchronously forwards the message to the mail
       transfer agent of a mailhub for the  mailhub  MTA  to  process.  Failed
       messages are placed in dead.letter in the sender's home directory.

       Config  files  allow  one  to  specify the address to receive mail from
       root, daemon, etc.; a default mailhub; a default domain to be  used  in
       From: lines; and per-user From: addresses and mailhub names.

       It does not attempt to provide all the functionality of sendmail: it is
       intended for use where other programs are the primary means of at  last
       mail  delivery.   It  is  usefull with pop/imap, or to simulate the Sun
       shared mail spool option  for  non-Sun  machines,  for  machines  whose
       sendmails  are  too  difficult  (or various) to configure, for machines
       with known disfeatures in their sendmails or for ones where  there  are
       ``mysterious problems''.

       It does not do aliasing, which must be done either in the user agent or
       on the mailhub. Nor does it honor .forwards, which have to be  done  on
       the recieving host.  It especially does not deliver to pipelines.


       Most sendmail options are irrelevent to sSMTP. Those marked ``ignored''
       or  ``default''  have  no  effect  on  mail  transfer.   Those   marked
       ``unsupported''  are  fatal errors.  Those marked ``simulated'' are not
       errors, but the result is for the program to exit with  an  informative
       message. A sort of fatal non-error.

       -4     Forces ssmtp to use IPv4 addresses only.

       -6     Forces ssmtp to use IPv6 addresses only.

              Specifies username for SMTP authentication.

              Specifies password for SMTP authentication.

              Specifies  mechanism  for  SMTP  authentication. (Only LOGIN and

       -ba    (unsupported) ARPANET mode. All input  lines  must  end  with  a
              LINEFEED, and all messages will be generated with a CR-LF at the
              end. Also, the ``From:'' and ``Sender:'' fields are examined for
              the name of the sender.

       -bd    (unsupported) Run as a daemon.

       -bi    (ignored) Initialise the alias database.

       -bm    (default) Deliver mail in the usual way.

       -bp    (simulated) Print a summary of the mail queue.

       -bs    (unsupported) Read SMTP commands from stdin.

       -bt    (unsupported) Run in address test mode.

       -bv    (unsupported) Verify names only.

       -bz    (unsupported) Create the configuration freeze file.

       -Cfile Use alternate configuration file.

       -dX    Set debugging value to X.

       -E     (ignored) Don't trust userid of sender.

              Set the full name of the sender.

       -fname Sets  the name of the ``from'' person. This option is valid only
              if no From: line is specified within the header of the email.

       -h     (ignored) Set the hop count to N.

       -m     (ignored) Ignore originator in alias.

       -Mid   (ignored) Attempt to deliver the queued message with  message-id

       -N dsn (ignored) Set delivery status notification conditions to dsn.

       -n     (default) Do not do aliasing.

              (ignored) Use alternate alias file.

       -oc    (ignored) Delay ``expensive'' connections.

       -od    (ignored)  Set  the  delivery  mode  to interactive/synchronous,
              background or queue (Always interactive).

       -oD    (ignored) Run newaliases if required.

       -oe    (ignored) Set error processing to mail, write,  print  or  quit.
              (Always print).

              (ignored) The mode to use when creating temporary files.

       -of    (ignored)  Save UNIX-system-style ``From'' lines at the front of

       -ogN   (ignored) Set group ID to use when calling mailers.

              (ignored) Set SMTP help file.

       -oi    (default) Do not take dots on a line by themselves as a  message

       -oLn   (ignored) The log level.

       -om    (default) Send to ``me'' (the sender) also if in an alias.

       -oo    (unsupported) If set, this message may have old style headers.

              (ignored) Select the directory in which to queue messages.

              (ignored) The timeout on reads.

              (ignored) Save statistics in the named file.

       -os    (ignored) Always instantiate the queue.

              (ignored) Set timeout on messages.

              (ignored) Set the name of the time zone.

       -ouN   (ignored) Set the default user id for mailers.

              (simulated) Process the queue.

       -rname Same as -f.

              (ignored) Process queue for recipient.

       -R return
              (ignored)  Set  the  amount of the message to be returned if the
              message bounces.

       -t     Read  message, searching for recipients.  ``To:'',  `Cc:'',  and
              ``Bcc:''  lines  will  be  scanned  for  people  to send to. Any
              addresses  in   the   argument  list  will  be  suppressed  (not

       -v     Go into verbose mode.

       -V     Say version and quit.


       A  reverse  alias  gives  the From: address placed on a user's outgoing
       messages and (optionally) the  mailhub  these  messages  will  be  sent
       through. Example:

       Messages  root  sends  will be identified as from and sent


        /etc/ssmtp/ssmtp.conf - configuration file
        /etc/ssmtp/revaliases - reverse aliases file


       RFC821, RFC822, ssmtp.conf(5).


       Matt Ryan  (  Hugo  Haas  (  Christoph
       Lameter ( Dave Collier-Brown (


       sSMTP  does not support exception lists to the -t option (never seen it

       sSMTP will fail if the mailhub is unreachable.

                         Last change: 4 February 2005                 SSMTP(8)