Provided by: exim4-config_4.76-3ubuntu3_all
update-exim4.conf - Generate exim4 configuration files.
update-exim4.conf [-v|--verbose] [-h|--help] [--keepcomments]
[--removecomments] [-o|--output file]
Enable verbose mode
Show short help message and exit
Do not remove comment lines from the output file.
Remove comment lines from the output file. [Default]
Write output to file instead of
Read input from directory instead of /etc/exim4.
The script update-exim4.conf generates the main configuration files
/var/lib/exim4/config.autogenerated for Exim v4 by merging the data in
the template file /etc/exim4/exim4.conf.template or the ones in the
/etc/exim4/conf.d directory tree respectively and
/etc/exim4/update-exim4.conf.conf to the output file
If dc_use_split_config in /etc/exim4/update-exim4.conf.conf specifies a
split configuration, update-exim4.conf processes the /etc/exim4/conf.d
subdirectories in the order main, acl, router, transport, retry,
rewrite and auth. Within each directory it takes files in lexical sort
order by file name. It concatenates all these files and makes the
debconf replacement described below.
If you are not using split configuration update-exim4.conf concatenates
/etc/exim4/exim4.conf.localmacros (if this file exists) and
/etc/exim4/exim4.conf.template (in this order) and makes the debconf
replacement described below.
In either case, before outputting the result to
/var/lib/exim4/config.autogenerated, update-exim4.conf generates a
number of exim configuration macros from the contents of dc_something
from /etc/exim4/update-exim4.conf.conf and inserts them into the
configuration right after the definition of the exim configuration
macro UPEX4CmacrosUPEX4C (which is only used as placeholder for this
case). The macro definitions are bracketed with .ifdef clauses to allow
the local admin to override the values with earlier definitions.
update-exim4.conf makes no other changes to the configuration. This
makes it very simple to make small changes to the configuration and
still have the benefits of debconf.
On the other hand if you don't want to manage exim4.conf with debconf
install your own handcrafted version as /etc/exim4/exim4.conf. Exim
will use this file if it exists and ignore the autogenerated one.
Additionally you might want to set dc_eximconfig_configtype=none in
/etc/exim4/update-exim4.conf.conf to stop debconf from asking you
questions about exim4.
update-exim4.conf exits silently and does nothing if
/etc/exim4/exim4.conf exists and -o was not used to direct the output
to a different file than /var/lib/exim4/config.autogenerated.
update-exim4.conf will only use files in the conf.d directory that have
a filename which consists only of letters, numbers, underscores and
hyphens ([:alnum:]_-), similar to run-parts(8). Additionally,
update-exim4.conf will use /etc/exim4/conf.d/foo/bar.rul instead of
/etc/exim4/conf.d/foo/bar if the .rul file exists. This is meant to be
helpful for easy interaction with packages extending Exim.
If the new configuration will be written to
/var/lib/exim4/config.autogenerated, update-exim4.conf will check the
validity of the freshly generated configuration. If the new file is
detected as invalid, update-exim4.conf leaves the old
/var/lib/exim4/config.autogenerated untouched and exits with an error.
However, there are still possible invalidities that can only be
detected at run time. This most notably applies to errors in
expressions that are expanded at run time.
If the new configuration will be written to some other file, no
validity checking occurs and that file will always be overwritten.
You want to be able to check exim's queue as normal user: Generate a
new file, e.g. /etc/exim4/conf.d/main/40_local_mailq, containing only
the line queue_list_requires_admin = false
update-exim4.conf changes the file permissions of the output file to
the value of the environment variable CFILEMODE. If CFILEMODE is
neither set in /etc/exim4/update-exim4.conf.conf nor in the environment
it defaults to 0644. Change this to 0640 if you are keeping sensitive
information (LDAP credentials et. al.) in there.
All lists given in configuration variables are semicolon-separated. In
the past, they used to be colon separated. This was changed to
semicolon separation to make specification of IPv6 addresses easier.
Backwards compatibility is preserved, so that old configurations using
colons as separators do still work. Colons are deprecated and might
stop working in a later release. If you need to specifiy a single IPv6
address in a field that is defined as a list of host names or IP
addresses, please prefix "<;" to explicitly specify the list separator
as a semicolon. Otherwise, the code cannot tell an IP address from a
colon-separated list of strange host names.
Using lookups like "dsearch;something" in update-exim4.conf.conf has
never been supported and does no longer work! If you need this, please
convert to directly setting the appropriate macros.
update-exim4.conf evaluates these patterns in
The octal file mode of the generated file.
The main configuration type. One of “internet”, “smarthost”,
“satellite”, “local”, “exim3manual” or “none”. Sets macro
Boolean option that controls whether the local mailname in the
headers of outgoing mail should be hidden. (Only effective for
“smarthost” and “satellite”. Sets macro HIDE_MAILNAME.
Internal use only Boolean option that is set by the maintainer
scripts after adding the contents of /etc/mailname to the
dc_other_hostnames list. This is a transition helper since it
wouldn't otherwise be possible to see whether that domain name
has been removed from dc_other_hostnames on purpose. This is not
used by update-exim4.conf, and no macro is set.
Boolean option that controls whether update-exim4.conf strips
the comments from the target configuration file (default) or
leaves them in. This can be overridden by the command line
options --keepcomments and --removecomments. The value is not
written to an exim macro.
name of the default transport for local mail delivery. Defaults
to mail_spool if unset, use maildir_home for delivery to
~/Maildir/. Sets macro LOCAL_DELIVERY.
List of IP addresses the Exim daemon should listen on. If this
is left empty, Exim listens on all interfaces. Sets macro
MAIN_LOCAL_INTERFACES only if there is a non-empty value.
Boolean option to activate some option to minimize DNS lookups,
if set to “true” a macro DC_minimaldns is defined. If true, the
macro DC_minimaldns is set to 1, and the macro
MAIN_HARDCODE_PRIMARY_HOSTNAME is set to the appropriately post-
processes output of hostname --fqdn.
is used to build the local_domains list, together with
“localhost”. This is the list of domains for which this machine
should consider itself the final destination. The local_domains
list ends up in the macro MAIN_LOCAL_DOMAINS.
For “smarthost” and “satellite” it is possible to hide the local
mailname in the headers of outgoing mail and replace it with
this value instead, using rewriting. Sets macro DCreadhost.
is a list of domains for which we accept mail from anywhere on
the Internet but which are not delivered locally, e.g. because
this machine serves as secondary MX for these domains. Sets
A list of machines for which we serve as smarthost. Please note
that 127.0.0.1 and ::1 are always permitted to relay since
/usr/lib/sendmail is available anyway and relay control doesn't
make sense here. Sets macro MAIN_RELAY_NETS.
List of hosts to which all outgoing mail is passed to and that
takes care of delivering it. Each of the hosts is tried, in the
order specified (See exim specification, chapter 20.5). All
deliveries go out to TCP port 25 unless a different port is
specified after the host name, separated from the host name by
two colons. Colons in IPv6 addresses need to be doubled. If a
port number follows, IP addresses may be enclosed in brackets,
which might be the only possibility to specify delivery to an
IPv6 address and a different port. Examples:
host.domain.example deliver to host looked up on DNS, tcp/25
host.domain.example::587 deliver to host looked up on DNS,
192.168.2.4 deliver to IPv4 host, tcp/25
192.168.2.4::587 deliver to IPv4 host, tcp/587
[192.168.2.4]::587 deliver to IPv4 host, tcp/587
2001::0db8::f::4::::2 deliver to IPv6 host, tcp/25
[2001::0db8::f::4::::2]::587 deliver to IPv6 host, tcp/587
This is used as value of the DCsmarthost macro.
Boolean option that controls whether update-exim4.conf uses
/etc/exim4/exim4.conf.template (“false”) or the multiple files
below /etc/exim4/conf.d (“true”) as input. This does not set any
The macro MAIN_PACKAGE_VERSION is set to Debian's Version number of
the package being installed for convenient inclusion in the
If you are running exim as daemon (as it is in the default setup of the
Debian packages) you should not invoke update-exim4.conf directly when
exim is running. For SMTP receiving or queue running, exim forks, and
the new processes would use the new configuration file, while the
original main exim daemon would still use the old configuration file.
You should use invoke-rc.d exim4 restart instead.
This manual page needs a major re-work. If somebody knows better groff
than us and has more experience in writing manual pages, any patches
would be greatly appreciated.
Exim's main configuration file
Optional manually managed Exim main configuration file. Takes
precedence over debconf managed one if it exists.
Configuration file being written by exim4-config maintainer
scripts, which may be hand-edited, and is read as input by
exim(8), exim4-config_files(5), /usr/share/doc/exim4-base/ and for
general notes and details about interaction with debconf
Andreas Metzler <ametzler at downhill.at.eu.org>
Marc Haber <firstname.lastname@example.org>