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bus_alloc_resource, bus_alloc_resource_any — allocate resources from a
struct resource *
bus_alloc_resource(device_t dev, int type, int *rid, u_long start,
u_long end, u_long count, u_int flags);
struct resource *
bus_alloc_resource_any(device_t dev, int type, int *rid, u_int flags);
This is an easy interface to the resource-management functions. It hides
the indirection through the parent's method table. This function
generally should be called in attach, but (except in some rare cases)
The bus_alloc_resource_any() function is a convenience wrapper for
bus_alloc_resource(). It sets the values for start, end, and count to
the default resource (see description of start below).
The arguments are as follows:
dev is the device that requests ownership of the resource. Before
allocation, the resource is owned by the parent bus.
type is the type of resource you want to allocate. It is one of:
SYS_RES_IRQ for IRQs
SYS_RES_DRQ for ISA DMA lines
SYS_RES_IOPORT for I/O ports
SYS_RES_MEMORY for I/O memory
rid points to a bus specific handle that identifies the resource being
allocated. For ISA this is an index into an array of resources that have
been setup for this device by either the PnP mechanism, or via the hints
mechanism. For PCCARD, this is an index into the array of resources
described by the PC Card's CIS entry. For PCI, the offset into pci
config space which has the BAR to use to access the resource. The bus
methods are free to change the RIDs that they are given as a parameter.
You must not depend on the value you gave it earlier.
start and end are the start/end addresses of the resource. If you
specify values of 0ul for start and ~0ul for end and 1 for count, the
default values for the bus are calculated.
count is the size of the resource. For example, the size of an I/O port
is usually 1 byte (but some devices override this). If you specified the
default values for start and end, then the default value of the bus is
used if count is smaller than the default value and count is used, if it
is bigger than the default value.
flags sets the flags for the resource. You can set one or more of these
RF_ALLOCATED resource has been reserved. The resource still needs to be
activated with bus_activate_resource(9).
RF_ACTIVE activate resource atomically.
RF_SHAREABLE resource permits contemporaneous sharing. It should always
be set unless you know that the resource cannot be shared.
It is the bus driver's task to filter out the flag if the
bus does not support sharing. For example, pccard(4)
cannot share IRQs while cardbus(4) can.
RF_TIMESHARE resource permits time-division sharing.
A pointer to struct resource is returned on success, a null pointer
This is some example code that allocates a 32 byte I/O port range and an
IRQ. The values of portid and irqid should be saved in the softc of the
device after these calls.
struct resource *portres, *irqres;
int portid, irqid;
portid = 0;
irqid = 0;
portres = bus_alloc_resource(dev, SYS_RES_IOPORT, &portid,
0ul, ~0ul, 32, RF_ACTIVE);
irqres = bus_alloc_resource_any(dev, SYS_RES_IRQ, &irqid,
RF_ACTIVE | RF_SHAREABLE);
bus_activate_resource(9), bus_release_resource(9), device(9), driver(9)
This manual page was written by Alexander Langer ⟨firstname.lastname@example.org⟩
with parts by Warner Losh ⟨imp@FreeBSD.org⟩.