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NAME

     device_add_child, device_add_child_ordered — add a new device as a child of an existing
     device

SYNOPSIS

     #include <sys/param.h>
     #include <sys/bus.h>

     device_t
     device_add_child(device_t dev, const char *name, int unit);

     device_t
     device_add_child_ordered(device_t dev, int order, const char *name, int unit);

DESCRIPTION

     Create a new child device of dev.  The name and unit arguments specify the name and unit
     number of the device.  If the name is unknown then the caller should pass NULL.  If the unit
     is unknown then the caller should pass -1 and the system will choose the next available unit
     number.

     The name of the device is used to determine which drivers might be appropriate for the
     device.  If a name is specified then only drivers of that name are probed.  If no name is
     given then all drivers for the owning bus are probed.  In any event, only the name of the
     device is stored so that one may safely unload/load a driver bound to that name.

     This allows busses which can uniquely identify device instances (such as PCI) to allow each
     driver to check each device instance for a match.  For busses which rely on supplied probe
     hints where only one driver can have a chance of probing the device, the driver name should
     be specified as the device name.

     Normally unit numbers will be chosen automatically by the system and a unit number of -1
     should be given.  When a specific unit number is desired (e.g. for wiring a particular piece
     of hardware to a pre-configured unit number), that unit should be passed.  If the specified
     unit number is already allocated, a new unit will be allocated and a diagnostic message
     printed.

     If the devices attached to a bus must be probed in a specific order (e.g. for the ISA bus
     some devices are sensitive to failed probe attempts of unrelated drivers and therefore must
     be probed first), the order argument of device_add_child_ordered() should be used to specify
     a partial ordering.  The new device will be added before any existing device with a greater
     order.  If device_add_child() is used, then the new child will be added as if its order was
     zero.

     When adding a device in the context of DEVICE_IDENTIFY(9) routine, the device_find_child(9)
     routine should be used to ensure that the device has not already been added to the tree.
     Because the device name and devclass_t are associated at probe time (not child addition
     time), previous instances of the driver (say in a module that was later unloaded) may have
     already added the instance.  Authors of bus drivers must likewise be careful when adding
     children when they are loaded and unloaded to avoid duplication of children devices.

     Identify routines should use BUS_ADD_CHILD(9) instead of device_add_child(9).

RETURN VALUES

     The new device if successful, NULL otherwise.

SEE ALSO

     BUS_ADD_CHILD(9), device(9), device_find_child(9), DEVICE_IDENTIFY(9)

AUTHORS

     This manual page was written by Doug Rabson.