Provided by: freebsd-manpages_8.2-1_all
hash, hash32, hash32_buf, hash32_str, hash32_strn, hash32_stre,
hash32_strne — general kernel hashing functions
hash32_buf(const void *buf, size_t len, uint32_t hash);
hash32_str(const void *buf, uint32_t hash);
hash32_strn(const void *buf, size_t len, uint32_t hash);
hash32_stre(const void *buf, int end, const char **ep, uint32_t hash);
hash32_strne(const void *buf, size_t len, int end, const char **ep,
The hash32() functions are used to give a consistent and general
interface to a decent hashing algorithm within the kernel. These
functions can be used to hash ASCII NUL terminated strings, as well as
blocks of memory.
The hash32_buf() function is used as a general buffer hashing function.
The argument buf is used to pass in the location, and len is the length
of the buffer. The argument hash is used to extend an existing hash, or
is passed the initial value HASHINIT to start a new hash.
The hash32_str() function is used to hash a NUL terminated string passed
in buf with initial hash value given in hash.
The hash32_strn() function is like the hash32_str() function, except it
also takes a len argument, which is the maximal length of the expected
The hash32_stre() and hash32_strne() functions are helper functions used
by the kernel to hash pathname components. These functions have the
additional termination condition of terminating when they find a
character given by end in the string to be hashed. If the argument ep is
not NULL, it is set to the point in the buffer at which the hash function
The hash32() functions return a 32 bit hash value of the buffer or
LIST_HEAD(head, cache) *hashtbl = NULL;
u_long mask = 0;
hashtbl = hashinit(numwanted, type, flags, &mask);
sample_use(char *str, int len)
hash = hash32_str(str, HASHINIT);
hash = hash32_buf(&len, sizeof(len), hash);
hashtbl[hash & mask] = len;
free(9), hashinit(9), malloc(9)
The hash32() functions are only 32 bit functions. They will prove to
give poor 64 bit performance, especially for the top 32 bits. At the
current time, this is not seen as a great limitation, as these hash
values are usually used to index into an array. Should these hash values
be used for other means, this limitation should be revisited.
The hash functions were first committed to NetBSD 1.6. The OpenBSD
versions were written and massaged for OpenBSD 2.3 by Tobias Weingartner,
and finally committed for OpenBSD 3.2.