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NAME

     hashinit, hashinit_flags, hashdestroy, phashinit — manage kernel hash tables

SYNOPSIS

     #include <sys/malloc.h>
     #include <sys/systm.h>
     #include <sys/queue.h>

     void *
     hashinit(int nelements, struct malloc_type *type, u_long *hashmask);

     void
     hashinit_flags(int nelements, struct malloc_type *type, u_long *hashmask, int flags);

     void
     hashdestroy(void *hashtbl, struct malloc_type *type, u_long hashmask);

     void *
     phashinit(int nelements, struct malloc_type *type, u_long *nentries);

DESCRIPTION

     The hashinit(), hashinit_flags() and phashinit() functions allocate space for hash tables of
     size given by the argument nelements.

     The hashinit() function allocates hash tables that are sized to largest power of two less
     than or equal to argument nelements.  The phashinit() function allocates hash tables that
     are sized to the largest prime number less than or equal to argument nelements.  The
     hashinit_flags() function operates like hashinit() but also accepts an additional argument
     flags which control various options during allocation.  Allocated hash tables are contiguous
     arrays of LIST_HEAD(3) entries, allocated using malloc(9), and initialized using
     LIST_INIT(3).  The malloc arena to be used for allocation is pointed to by argument type.

     The hashdestroy() function frees the space occupied by the hash table pointed to by argument
     hashtbl.  Argument type determines the malloc arena to use when freeing space.  The argument
     hashmask should be the bit mask returned by the call to hashinit() that allocated the hash
     table.  The argument flags must be used with one of the following values.

           HASH_NOWAIT  Any malloc performed by the hashinit_flags() function will not be allowed
                        to wait, and therefore may fail.
           HASH_WAITOK  Any malloc performed by the hashinit_flags() function is allowed to wait
                        for memory.

IMPLEMENTATION NOTES

     The largest prime hash value chosen by phashinit() is 32749.

RETURN VALUES

     The hashinit() function returns a pointer to an allocated hash table and sets the location
     pointed to by hashmask to the bit mask to be used for computing the correct slot in the hash
     table.

     The phashinit() function returns a pointer to an allocated hash table and sets the location
     pointed to by nentries to the number of rows in the hash table.

EXAMPLES

     A typical example is shown below:

           ...
           static LIST_HEAD(foo, foo) *footable;
           static u_long foomask;
           ...
           footable = hashinit(32, M_FOO, &foomask);

     Here we allocate a hash table with 32 entries from the malloc arena pointed to by M_FOO.
     The mask for the allocated hash table is returned in foomask.  A subsequent call to
     hashdestroy() uses the value in foomask:

           ...
           hashdestroy(footable, M_FOO, foomask);

DIAGNOSTICS

     The hashinit() and phashinit() functions will panic if argument nelements is less than or
     equal to zero.

     The hashdestroy() function will panic if the hash table pointed to by hashtbl is not empty.

SEE ALSO

     LIST_HEAD(3), malloc(9)

BUGS

     There is no phashdestroy() function, and using hashdestroy() to free a hash table allocated
     by phashinit() usually has grave consequences.