Provided by: passwd_4.1.4.2+svn3283-3ubuntu5_i386 bug

NAZWA

       chpasswd - wsadowa aktualizacja hasel uytkownikow

STRESZCZENIE

       chpasswd [opcje]

OPIS

       Polecenie chpasswd czyta pary danych (uytkownik i haslo) ze
       standardowego wejcia. Odczytane informacje wykorzystywane s do
       aktualizacji danych o grupie istniejcych uytkownikow. Kady wiersz
       przekazywanych danych ma posta:

       nazwa_uytkownika:has/lo

       By default the passwords must be supplied in clear-text, and are
       encrypted by chpasswd. Also the password age will be updated, if
       present.

       By default, passwords are encrypted by PAM, but (even if not
       recommended) you can select a different encryption method with the -e,
       -m, or -c options.

       Except when PAM is used to encrypt the passwords, chpasswd first
       updates all the passwords in memory, and then commits all the changes
       to disk if no errors occured for any user.

       When PAM is used to encrypt the passwords (and update the passwords in
       the system database) then if a password cannot be updated chpasswd
       continues updating the passwords of the next users, and will return an
       error code on exit.

       Polecenie to przeznaczone jest do uytku w duych systemach, gdzie
       aktualizuje si wiele kont naraz.

OPCJE

       Polecenie chpasswd posiada nastpujce opcje:

       -c, --crypt-method METHOD
           Use the specified method to encrypt the passwords.

           The available methods are DES, MD5, NONE, and SHA256 or SHA512 if
           your libc support these methods.

           By default, PAM is used to encrypt the passwords.

       -e, --encrypted
           Dostarczone na standardowe wejcie hasla s traktowane jako ju
           zakodowane.

       -S, --stdout
           Report encrypted passwords to stdout instead of updating password
           file.

       -h, --help
           Wywietlenie komunikatu pomocy i zakoczenie dzialania.

       -m, --md5
           Jeeli dpostarczane hasla s w postaci jawnej uyj kodowania MD5
           zamiast domylnego DES.

       -s, --sha-rounds ROUNDS
           Use the specified number of rounds to encrypt the passwords.

           The value 0 means that the system will choose the default number of
           rounds for the crypt method (5000).

           A minimal value of 1000 and a maximal value of 999,999,999 will be
           enforced.

           You can only use this option with the SHA256 or SHA512 crypt
           method.

           By default, the number of rounds is defined by the
           SHA_CRYPT_MIN_ROUNDS and SHA_CRYPT_MAX_ROUNDS variables in
           /etc/login.defs.

OSTRZEENIA

       Pamitaj eby zabezpieczy przed odczytem plik przekazywany na standardowe
       wejcie polecenia.

CONFIGURATION

       The following configuration variables in /etc/login.defs change the
       behavior of this tool:

       SHA_CRYPT_MIN_ROUNDS (number), SHA_CRYPT_MAX_ROUNDS (number)
           When ENCRYPT_METHOD is set to SHA256 or SHA512, this defines the
           number of SHA rounds used by the encryption algorithm by default
           (when the number of rounds is not specified on the command line).

           With a lot of rounds, it is more difficult to brute forcing the
           password. But note also that more CPU resources will be needed to
           authenticate users.

           If not specified, the libc will choose the default number of rounds
           (5000).

           The values must be inside the 1000-999999999 range.

           If only one of the SHA_CRYPT_MIN_ROUNDS or SHA_CRYPT_MAX_ROUNDS
           values is set, then this value will be used.

           If SHA_CRYPT_MIN_ROUNDS > SHA_CRYPT_MAX_ROUNDS, the highest value
           will be used.

           Note: This only affect the generation of group passwords. The
           generation of user passwords is done by PAM and subject to the PAM
           configuration. It is recommended to set this variable consistently
           with the PAM configuration.

PLIKI

       /etc/passwd
           Informacja o kontach uytkownikow.

       /etc/shadow
           Informacje chronione o uytkownikach.

       /etc/login.defs
           Konfiguracja pakietu shadow.

       /etc/pam.d/chpasswd
           PAM configuration for chpasswd.

ZOBACZ TAKE

       passwd(1), newusers(8), login.defs(5), useradd(8).