Provided by: passwd_4.1.4.2+svn3283-3ubuntu5_amd64 bug

NAZWA

       grpck - verify integrity of group files

STRESZCZENIE

       grpck [-r] [group [ shadow ]]

       grpck [-s] [group [ shadow ]]

OPIS

       The grpck command verifies the integrity of the groups information. It checks that all
       entries in /etc/group and /etc/gshadow have the proper format and contain valid data. The
       user is prompted to delete entries that are improperly formatted or which have other
       uncorrectable errors.

       Checks are made to verify that each entry has:

       ·   the correct number of fields

       ·   a unique and valid group name

       ·   a valid group identifier (/etc/group only)

       ·   a valid list of members and administrators

       ·   a corresponding entry in the /etc/gshadow file (respectively /etc/group for the
           gshadow checks)

       The checks for correct number of fields and unique group name are fatal. If an entry has
       the wrong number of fields, the user will be prompted to delete the entire line. If the
       user does not answer affirmatively, all further checks are bypassed. An entry with a
       duplicated group name is prompted for deletion, but the remaining checks will still be
       made. All other errors are warnings and the user is encouraged to run the groupmod command
       to correct the error.

       The commands which operate on the /etc/group and /etc/gshadow files are not able to alter
       corrupted or duplicated entries.  grpck should be used in those circumstances to remove
       the offending entries.

OPCJE

       The options which apply to the grpck command are:

       -r
           Execute the grpck command in read-only mode. This causes all questions regarding
           changes to be answered no without user intervention.

       -s
           Sort entries in /etc/group and /etc/gshadow by GID.

       By default, grpck operates on /etc/groupand /etc/gshadow. The user may select alternate
       files with the group and shadow parameters.

CONFIGURATION

       The following configuration variables in /etc/login.defs change the behavior of this tool:

       MAX_MEMBERS_PER_GROUP (number)
           Maximum members per group entry. When the maximum is reached, a new group entry (line)
           is started in /etc/group (with the same name, same password, and same GID).

           The default value is 0, meaning that there are no limits in the number of members in a
           group.

           This feature (split group) permits to limit the length of lines in the group file.
           This is useful to make sure that lines for NIS groups are not larger than 1024
           characters.

           If you need to enforce such limit, you can use 25.

           Note: split groups may not be supported by all tools (even in the Shadow toolsuite).
           You should not use this variable unless you really need it.

PLIKI

       /etc/group
           Informacje o grupach użytkowników.

       /etc/gshadow
           Informacje chronione o grupach użytkowników.

       /etc/passwd
           Informacja o kontach użytkowników.

KOD ZAKOŃCZENIA

       Polecenie grpckl kończy działanie z następującymi wartościami kodów zakończenia:

       0
           poprawne zakończenie działania programu

       1
           niepoprawna składnia polecenia

       2
           one or more bad group entries

       3
           can't open group files

       4
           can't lock group files

       5
           can't update group files

ZOBACZ TAKŻE

       group(5), groupmod(8), gshadow(5), passwd(5), pwck(8), shadow(5).