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NAME

       mkfifo - make a FIFO special file (a named pipe)

SYNOPSIS

       #include <sys/types.h>
       #include <sys/stat.h>

       int mkfifo ( const char *pathname, mode_t mode );

DESCRIPTION

       mkfifo  makes  a  FIFO special file with name pathname.  mode specifies
       the FIFO's permissions. It is modified by the process's  umask  in  the
       usual way: the permissions of the created file are (mode & ~umask).

       A  FIFO special file is similar to a pipe, except that it is created in
       a different way.  Instead of being an anonymous communications channel,
       a FIFO special file is entered into the file system by calling mkfifo.

       Once  you have created a FIFO special file in this way, any process can
       open it for reading or writing, in the same way as  an  ordinary  file.
       However,  it  has to be open at both ends simultaneously before you can
       proceed to do any input or output operations on it.  Opening a FIFO for
       reading  normally  blocks  until some other process opens the same FIFO
       for writing, and vice versa. See fifo(4) for non-blocking  handling  of
       FIFO special files.

RETURN VALUE

       The  normal,  successful return value from mkfifo is 0.  In the case of
       an error, -1 is returned (in which case, errno is set appropriately).

ERRORS

       EACCES One  of  the  directories  in  pathname  did  not  allow  search
              (execute) permission.

       EEXIST pathname already exists.

       ENAMETOOLONG
              Either the total length of pathname is greater than PATH_MAX, or
              an individual file name component  has  a  length  greater  than
              NAME_MAX.   In  the  GNU  system,  there  is no imposed limit on
              overall file name length, but some file systems may place limits
              on the length of a component.

       ENOENT A  directory  component  in  pathname  does  not  exist  or is a
              dangling symbolic link.

       ENOSPC The directory or filesystem has no room for the new file.

       ENOTDIR
              A component used as a directory in pathname is not, in  fact,  a
              directory.

       EROFS  pathname refers to a read-only filesystem.

CONFORMING TO

       POSIX.1

SEE ALSO

       mkfifo(1),  read(2),  write(2),  open(2),  close(2), stat(2), umask(2),
       fifo(4)