Provided by: passwd_4.1.4.2+svn3283-3ubuntu5_amd64 bug

NAMN

       pwck - validera integriteten för lösenordsfiler

SYNOPSIS

       pwck [-q] [-s] [passwd [ shadow ]]

       pwck [-q] [-r] [passwd [ shadow ]]

BESKRIVNING

       The pwck command verifies the integrity of the users and authentication information. It
       checks that all entries in /etc/passwd and /etc/shadow have the proper format and contain
       valid data. The user is prompted to delete entries that are improperly formatted or which
       have other uncorrectable errors.

       Kontroller görs för att validera att varje post har:

       ·   korrekt antal fält

       ·   a unique and valid user name

       ·   en giltig identifierare för användare och grupp

       ·   en giltig primär grupp

       ·   en giltig hemkatalog

       ·   ett giltigt inloggningsskal

       shadow checks are enabled when a second file parameter is specified or when /etc/shadow
       exists on the system.

       These checks are the following:

       ·   every passwd entry has a matching shadow entry, and every shadow entry has a matching
           passwd entry

       ·   passwords are specified in the shadowed file

       ·   shadow entries have the correct number of fields

       ·   shadow entries are unique in shadow

       ·   the last password changes are not in the future

       The checks for correct number of fields and unique user name are fatal. If the entry has
       the wrong number of fields, the user will be prompted to delete the entire line. If the
       user does not answer affirmatively, all further checks are bypassed. An entry with a
       duplicated user name is prompted for deletion, but the remaining checks will still be
       made. All other errors are warning and the user is encouraged to run the usermod command
       to correct the error.

       The commands which operate on the /etc/passwd file are not able to alter corrupted or
       duplicated entries. pwck should be used in those circumstances to remove the offending
       entry.

FLAGGOR

       Flaggorna som gäller för kommandot pwck är:

       -q
           Report errors only. The warnings which do not require any action from the user won't
           be displayed.

       -r
           Starta kommandot pwck i skrivskyddat läge.

       -s
           Sorterar poster i /etc/passwd och /etc/shadow efter UID.

       By default, pwck operates on the files /etc/passwd and /etc/shadow. The user may select
       alternate files with the passwd and shadow parameters.

CONFIGURATION

       The following configuration variables in /etc/login.defs change the behavior of this tool:

       PASS_MAX_DAYS (number)
           The maximum number of days a password may be used. If the password is older than this,
           a password change will be forced. If not specified, -1 will be assumed (which disables
           the restriction).

       PASS_MIN_DAYS (number)
           The minimum number of days allowed between password changes. Any password changes
           attempted sooner than this will be rejected. If not specified, -1 will be assumed
           (which disables the restriction).

       PASS_WARN_AGE (number)
           The number of days warning given before a password expires. A zero means warning is
           given only upon the day of expiration, a negative value means no warning is given. If
           not specified, no warning will be provided.

FILER

       /etc/group
           Gruppkontoinformation.

       /etc/passwd
           Användarkontoinformation.

       /etc/shadow
           Säker användarkontoinformation.

AVSLUTNINGSVÄRDEN

       Kommandot pwck avslutas med följande värden:

       0
           lyckad

       1
           ogiltig kommandosyntax

       2
           en eller flera felaktiga lösenordsposter

       3
           kan inte öppna lösenordsfiler

       4
           kan inte låsa lösenordsfiler

       5
           kan inte uppdatera lösenordsfiler

       6
           can't sort password files

SE OCKSÅ

       group(5), grpck(8), passwd(5), shadow(5), usermod(8).