Provided by: passwd_4.1.4.2+svn3283-3ubuntu5_amd64 bug


       pwconv, pwunconv, grpconv, grpunconv - konvertera till och från skugglösenord och grupper







       The pwconv command creates shadow from passwd and an optionally existing shadow.

       The pwunconv command creates passwd from passwd and shadow and then removes shadow.

       The grpconv command creates gshadow from group and an optionally existing gshadow.

       The grpunconv command creates group from group and gshadow and then removes gshadow.

       These four programs all operate on the normal and shadow password and group files:
       /etc/passwd, /etc/group, /etc/shadow, and /etc/gshadow.

       Each program acquires the necessary locks before conversion. pwconv and grpconv are
       similar. First, entries in the shadowed file which don't exist in the main file are
       removed. Then, shadowed entries which don't have `x' as the password in the main file are
       updated. Any missing shadowed entries are added. Finally, passwords in the main file are
       replaced with `x'. These programs can be used for initial conversion as well to update the
       shadowed file if the main file is edited by hand.

       pwconv will use the values of PASS_MIN_DAYS, PASS_MAX_DAYS, and PASS_WARN_AGE from
       /etc/login.defs when adding new entries to /etc/shadow.

       Likewise pwunconv and grpunconv are similar. Passwords in the main file are updated from
       the shadowed file. Entries which exist in the main file but not in the shadowed file are
       left alone. Finally, the shadowed file is removed. Some password aging information is lost
       by pwunconv. It will convert what it can.


       Errors in the password or group files (such as invalid or duplicate entries) may cause
       these programs to loop forever or fail in other strange ways. Please run pwck and grpck to
       correct any such errors before converting to or from shadow passwords or groups.


       The following configuration variable in /etc/login.defs changes the behavior of grpconv
       and grpunconv:

       MAX_MEMBERS_PER_GROUP (number)
           Maximum members per group entry. When the maximum is reached, a new group entry (line)
           is started in /etc/group (with the same name, same password, and same GID).

           The default value is 0, meaning that there are no limits in the number of members in a

           This feature (split group) permits to limit the length of lines in the group file.
           This is useful to make sure that lines for NIS groups are not larger than 1024

           If you need to enforce such limit, you can use 25.

           Note: split groups may not be supported by all tools (even in the Shadow toolsuite).
           You should not use this variable unless you really need it.

       The following configuration variables in /etc/login.defs change the behavior of pwconv:

       PASS_MAX_DAYS (number)
           The maximum number of days a password may be used. If the password is older than this,
           a password change will be forced. If not specified, -1 will be assumed (which disables
           the restriction).

       PASS_MIN_DAYS (number)
           The minimum number of days allowed between password changes. Any password changes
           attempted sooner than this will be rejected. If not specified, -1 will be assumed
           (which disables the restriction).

       PASS_WARN_AGE (number)
           The number of days warning given before a password expires. A zero means warning is
           given only upon the day of expiration, a negative value means no warning is given. If
           not specified, no warning will be provided.


           Shadow password suite configuration.


       grpck(8), login.defs(5), pwck(8).