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NAME

       charsets -

       Linux  ( ) (),  )

         Linux  ASCIIISO 8859KOI8-R UnicodeISO 2022  ISO 4873

ASCII

       ASCII (,()())  7-bit,  ECMA-6

        ASCII crosshatch/octothorpe/hash ; "US ASCII""UK ASCII"

        Linux ,  US ASCII

ISO 8859

       ISO  8859   10  -bit  ,  ASCII  (7 -bit ), 128 159  96  160-255 LP  ISO
       8859-1 ( Latin-1 )  Linux X11R6  HTML

       Linux  8859 ( setfont(8))  EGA " user mapping()"

       8859-1 (Latin-1)
              Latin-1 , , , ,,,,,,,,,  ijij  oeoe',,' ``

       8859-2 (Latin-2)
              Latin-2  , , , ,

       8859-3 (Latin-3)
              Latin-3 , , ,

       8859-4 (Latin-4)
              Latin-4  ;  8859-10 (Latin-6 )

       8859-5 , ,, , `geh'`heh', ghe ghe.KOI8-R

       8859-6  8859-6

       8859-7

       8859-8

       8859-9 (Latin-5)
              Latin-1

       8859-10 (Latin-6)
              Latin 6 (last Inuit ) () Sami (  )  Lattin 4 RFC 1345 " latin  6
              " Skolt Sami

       8859-13 (Latin-7)

       8859-14 (Latin-8)

       8859-15
               Latin-1

KOI8-R

       KOI8-R  ISO  US ASCII;  ISO 8859-5

        KOI8-R  Linux  EGA "user mapping"

UNICODE[],[]

       Unicode    ISO    10646    )    Unicode    32   (    16    )    Unicode
       <http://www.unicode.com>

       Linux  Unicode  (UTF-8 )  Unicode UTF-8  Unicode   7  bit    bit    bit
       bit  bit   bit

         0,1  ,  x  0xxxxxxx  Unicode 00000000 0xxxxxxx  ASCII 0xxxxxxx  ASCII
       UTF-8 ASCII

        110xxxxx 2 110xxxxx 10yyyyyy   00000xxx  xxyyyyyy   1110xxxx  1110xxxx
       10yyyyyy 10zzzzzz  xxxxyyyy yyzzzzzz  UTF-8  31-bit ISO 10646  6

        ISO-8859-1 ,  Unicode ISO-8859-1  ISO-8859-1 ( 8 )  16  3 ISO 2022

        UTF-8  10xxxxxx , ASCII  UTF-8 ,  NULs  " /'s

        ASCII, NUL '/', ,  UTF-8

       Unicode " subfont " Unicode  Unicode  subfont UTF-8  512

ISO 2022 AND ISO 4873

       ISO 2022  4873  VT100 Linux  xterm (1) (  )

         4  G0  G1  G2  G3  ( G0 ), ( G1 ) 94  96   7-bit  040-0177 ( 041-0176
       )  0240-0377 ( 0241-0376 ) G0  94 041-0176

       shift functions ^N (SO  LS1), ^O (SI  LS0), ESC n (LS2), ESC  o  (LS3),
       ESC  N  (SS2),  ESC  O (SS3), ESC ~ (LS1R), ESC } (LS2R), ESC | (LS3R).
       LSn Gn LSnR  Gn SSn Gn (n=2 or 3)

       94  Gn ESC ( xx  G0ESC ) xx  G1 ESC * xx  G2ESC + xx  G3 xx   ISO  2375
       ESC  ( @  ISO 646 GO ESC ( A  UK (), ESC ( B  ASCII ( ), ESC ( M  ESC (
       ! A , . .

       94  Gn ESC - xx  G1, ESC . xx  G2  ESC / xx  G3 , ESC - G  G1.

        Gn ESC $ xx  ESC $ ( xx  G0 ESC $ ) xx  G1ESC $ * xx  G2ESC $ + xx  G3
       , ESC $ ( C  G0.   ESC $ B ESC & @ ESC $ B.

       ISO  4873   G0  ( ASCII),  G1, G2  G3  ^N  ^OESC ( xx  xx=B,  ESC ) xx,
       ESC * xx, ESC + xx  ESC - xx, ESC . xx, ESC / xx

       console(4),     console_ioctl(4),      console_codes(4),      ascii(7),
       iso_8859_1(7), unicode(7), utf-8(7)

[]

       Scorpio <rawk@chinese.com>

[]

       2000/10/23

linuxman:

       http://cmpp.linuxforum.net