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NAME

       cpio -

 (SYNOPSIS)
       cpio  {-o|--create} [-0acvABLV] [-C bytes] [-H format] [-M message] [-O
       [[user@]host:]archive]            [-F            [[user@]host:]archive]
       [--file=[[user@]host:]archive]   [--format=format]  [--message=message]
       [--null] [--reset-access-time] [--verbose] [--dot] [--append] [--block-
       size=blocks]      [--dereference]      [--io-size=bytes]      [--quiet]
       [--force-local] [--help] [--version] < name-list [> archive]

       cpio {-i|--extract} [-bcdfmnrtsuvBSV] [-C bytes] [-E file] [-H  format]
       [-M  message]  [-R  [user][:.][group]]  [-I  [[user@]host:]archive] [-F
       [[user@]host:]archive]     [--file=[[user@]host:]archive]      [--make-
       directories] [--nonmatching] [--preserve-modification-time] [--numeric-
       uid-gid]   [--rename]   [--list]   [--swap-bytes]   [--swap]    [--dot]
       [--unconditional]  [--verbose] [--block-size=blocks] [--swap-halfwords]
       [--io-size=bytes]        [--pattern-file=file]        [--format=format]
       [--owner=[user][:.][group]]  [--no-preserve-owner]  [--message=message]
       [--force-local]          [--no-absolute-filenames]           [--sparse]
       [--only-verify-crc]  [--quiet]  [--help]  [--version]  [pattern...]  [<
       archive]

       cpio {-p|--pass-through} [-0adlmuvLV] [-R  [user][:.][group]]  [--null]
       [--reset-access-time]     [--make-directories]    [--link]    [--quiet]
       [--preserve-modification-time]  [--unconditional]  [--verbose]  [--dot]
       [--dereference]    [--owner=[user][:.][group]]    [--no-preserve-owner]
       [--sparse] [--help] [--version] destination-directory < name-list

 (DESCRIPTION)
         GNU cpio.

       cpio   cpio  tar   (archive)   , ,      ,  , , (timestamp),  .     , .

       cpio   .

        copy-out , cpio     .     , .     .  find ; find   -depth ,          .

        copy-in , cpio    ,     ,   .       shell    (globbing  pattern);    ,
       .   shell  ,    '.'    ,   '/'   .  ,    .

        copy-pass , cpio      ,   copy-in  copy-out  ,    .  cpio     ;   .

       cpio     :  binary,  old  ASCII,  new ASCII, crc, HPUX binary, HPUX old
       ASCII, old tar,  POSIX.1 tar.

       "binary"    ,    .  "old ASCII"    ,     65536  i  .  "new ASCII"     ,
       ,  cpio  ,   GNU  System VR4  cpio   "new ASCII" .  "crc"   "new ASCII"
       ,     ; cpio      ,     .  "HPUX"    HP UNIX  cpio,     .

       "tar" tar .      100     , (  ) .  "POSIX.1 tar"      255       (  255,
       "/").

       , cpio cpio ,  "binary"   .    , cpio     ,   .

       cpio        ;   ,   .

    (OPTIONS)
       -0, --null
               copy-out  copy-pass ,     null  ,  ,      ,   . GNU find   null
              .

       -a, --reset-access-time
                  ,        .

       -A, --append
                 .  copy-out .  -O -F (--file)   .

       -b, --swap
               copy-in ,      .  -sS.             32  .

       -B      I/O    5120 .    512 .

       --block-size=BLOCK-SIZE
               I/O    BLOCK-SIZE * 512 .

       -c        (ASCII)  .

       -C IO-SIZE, --io-size=IO-SIZE
               I/O    IO-SIZE .

       -d, --make-directories
                 .

       -E FILE, --pattern-file=FILE
               copy-in ,  FILE       .  FILE cpio   .

       -f, --nonmatching
                    .

       -F, --file=archive
               ,  .   ,   "HOSTNAME:" .    '@',       (   ,   ~/.rhosts    ).

       --force-local
               -F, -I, -O, ,     ,     ,       .

       -H FORMAT, --format=FORMAT
                FORMAT.     ,  . "copy-in"      , "copy-out"    "bin".

              bin     binary .

              odc     (POSIX.1)  .

              newc    (SVR4)  ,   65536 i  .

              crc     (SVR4)  ,   .

              tar     tar .

              ustar  POSIX.1 tar ,   GNU tar ,   .

              hpbin  HP UNIX  cpio   binary . (   )

              hpodc  HP UNIX  cpio   . (   )

       -i, --extract
               copy-in .

       -I archive
               ,  .   ,   "HOSTNAME:" .    '@',       (   ,   ~/.rhosts    ).

       -k     ; cpio.

       -l, --link
              ,  ,  .

       -L, --dereference
                  (   ,   ).

       -m, --preserve-modification-time
                 ,   .

       -M MESSAGE, --message=MESSAGE
                 ( )  ,   ,  .  MESSAGE   "%d", ( 1 ).

       -n, --numeric-uid-gid
                (verbose)   ,    UID  GID,   .

        --no-absolute-filenames
               copy-in ,      ,   .

        --no-preserve-owner
               copy-in  copy-pass ,     (: );       .    ,  System V       .

       -o, --create
               copy-out .

       -O archive
               ,  .   ,   "HOSTNAME:" .    '@',       (   ,   ~/.rhosts    ).

        --only-verify-crc
               copy-in   CRC    ,  ,    CRC .

       -p, --pass-through
               copy-pass .

       --quiet
                .

       -r, --rename
                .

       -R [user][:.][group], --owner [user][:.][group]
               copy-out  copy-pass ,  / .      .   ,    ":"  ".',      .     .

       --sparse
               copy-out  copy-pass ,   0 (sparse file).

       -s, --swap-bytes
               copy-in ,    ()  .

       -S, --swap-halfwords
               copy-in ,    (4)  .

       -t, --list
               ()  .

       -u, --unconditional
                ,       .

       -v, --verbose
               , -t     'ls -l' .  (verbose) ,      ,   UIDGID     .

       -V --dot
              ,  ".".

       --version
               cpio   , .

[]

        <xuming@iname.com>

[]

       2001/09/25

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                                                                       CPIO(1)