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NAME

       ls, dir, vdir -

       ls [] [...]

       POSIX : [-CFRacdilqrtu1]

GNU ():

       [-1abcdfgiklmnopqrstuxABCDFGLNQRSUX]  [-w  cols] [-T cols] [-I pattern]
       [--full-time]    [--format={long,verbose,commas,across,vertical,single-
       column}]                            [--sort={none,time,size,extension}]
       [--time={atime,access,use,ctime,status}] [--color[={none,auto,always}]]
       [--help] [--version] [--]

 DESCRIPTION
       ls""  "."  " -d "" -a " "."""

        " -l ":  512

        stdout " -C " " -1 " " -C "

       -C

       -F     " / " FIFO " | " " * "

       -R

       -a      "."

       -c     """" " -t "" -l "

       -d

       -i       i  :  i-node  number -l  file mode " -c "" -u " majorand minor
              device numbers

       -q

       -r

       -t

       -u      " -t "" -l "

       -1

GNU


       dir (  d ) " ls -C "
              vdir (  v ) " ls -l "

GNU

       -1, --format=single-column

       -a, --all
              "."

       -b, --escape
              ( C )

       -c, --time=ctime, --time=status
              ictime "-l" i ctime

       -d, --directory

       -f      " -a "" -f "" -l "" - -color "" -s "

       -g UNIX

       -i, --inode
               i : file serial number and index numberi

       -k, --kilobytes
              KB

       -l, --format=long, --format=verbose
                byte 6 1

              ""  1024  POSIXLY_CORRECT " -k " 512

        ls     multiple bits s  setuid  setgid S  setuid  setgid t   sticky  T
              sticky x -

       -m, --format=commas

       -n, --numeric-uid-gid
               UID  GID

       -o     " --format=long --no-group " ls

       -p     " -F "

       -q, --hide-control-chars

       -r, --reverse

       -s, --size
               1024 POSIXLY_CORRECT " -k " 512

       -t, --sort=time
               i  mtime

       -u, --time=atime, --time=access, --time=use
              " -t " i  atime

       -w, --width cols
               cols  cols  COLUMNS  80

       -x, --format=across, --format=horizontal

       -A, --almost-all
               "."  ".."

       -B, --ignore-backups
              " ~ "

       -C, --format=vertical
               dir  d

       -D, --dired
              " -l " //DIRED// BEG1 END1 BEG2 END2 ...

       BEGn  ENDn
               Emacs

       " -R " //SUBDIRED//   BEG1   END1   ...    TurboLinux4.0   RedHat6.1  "
              //DIRED// BEG1... "" //SUBDIRED// BEG1 ... " " //SUBDIRED// BEG1
              ... "

       -F, --classify, --file-type
              " * " " / "" @ "" | "FIFOs" = " (sockets)

       -G, --no-group

       -I, --ignorepattern
               shell  pattern  shell  "."  (pattern)

       -L, --dereference

       -N, --literal

       -Q, --quote-name
               C

       -R, --recursive

       -S, --sort=size

       -T, --tabsize cols
               cols  8 ls  cols  0

       -U, --sort=none
              " -U "" -f "

       -X, --sort=extension
               "."

       --color[=when]
               LS_COLORS  dircolors(1)  when

       none   auto always  --color  when  --color=always

       --full-time
               date(1)  cut(1) " date -d "

        Unix   Makefile

GNU

       --help

       --version

       --

         POSIXLY_CORRECT   TABSIZE   COLUMNS " -C "  LANG, LC_ALL, LC_COLLATE,
       LC_CTYPE, LC_MESSAGES  LC_TIME  TZ  ls  LS_COLORS

        BSD  HP-UX  NFS mount " -s "  HP-UX  BSD  NFS mount  ls  HP-UX   HP-UX
       ls

       POSIX 1003.2

       dircolors(1)

          fileutils-3.16    ls    mailto:   aeb@cwi.nl    aw@mail1.bet1.puv.fi
       ragnar@lightside.ddns.org  mailto: fileutils-bugs@gnu.ai.mit.edu

[]

       wangdong <wangdong@163.net>

[]

       2003.11.22

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       http://cmpp.linuxforum.net