Provided by: geographiclib-tools_1.21-1ubuntu1_amd64 bug


       GeodesicProj -- perform projections based on geodesics


       GeodesicProj ( -z | -c | -g ) lat0 lon0 [ -r ] [ -e a f ] [ --comment-delimiter
       commentdelim ] [ --version | -h | --help ] [ --input-file infile | --input-string instring
       ] [ --line-separator linesep ] [ --output-file outfile ]


       Perform projections based on geodesics.  Convert geodetic coordinates to either azimuthal
       equidistant, Cassini-Soldner, or gnomonic coordinates.  The center of the projection
       (lat0, lon0) is specified by either the -c option (for Cassini-Soldner), the -z option
       (for azimuthal equidistant), or the -g option (for gnomonic).  At least one of these
       options must be given (the last one given is used).

       Geodetic coordinates are provided on standard input as a set of lines containing (blank
       separated) latitude and longitude (decimal degrees or degrees, minutes, seconds).  For
       each set of geodetic coordinates, the corresponding projected coordinates x, y (meters)
       are printed on standard output together with the azimuth azi (degrees) and reciprocal
       scale rk.  For Cassini-Soldner, azi is the bearing of the easting direction and the scale
       in the easting direction is 1 and the scale in the northing direction is 1/rk.  For
       azimuthal equidistant and gnomonic, azi is the bearing of the radial direction and the
       scale in the azimuthal direction is 1/rk.  For azimuthal equidistant and gnomonic, the
       scales in the radial direction are 1 and 1/rk^2, respectively.


       -z  use the azimuthal equidistant projection centered at latitude = lat0, longitude =

       -c  use the Cassini-Soldner projection centered at latitude = lat0, longitude = lon0.

       -g  use the ellipsoidal gnomonic projection centered at latitude = lat0, longitude = lon0.

       -r  perform the reverse projection.  x and y are given on standard input and each line of
           standard output gives latitude, longitude, azi, and rk.

       -e  specify the ellipsoid via a f; the equatorial radius is a and the flattening is f.
           Setting f = 0 results in a sphere.  Specify f < 0 for a prolate ellipsoid.  A simple
           fraction, e.g., 1/297, is allowed for f.  (Also, if f > 1, the flattening is set to
           1/f.)  By default, the WGS84 ellipsoid is used, a = 6378137 m, f = 1/298.257223563.

           set the comment delimiter to commentdelim (e.g., "#" or "//").  If set, the input
           lines will be scanned for this delimiter and, if found, the delimiter and the rest of
           the line will be removed prior to processing and subsequently appended to the output
           line (separated by a space).

           print version and exit.

       -h  print usage and exit.

           print full documentation and exit.

           read input from the file infile instead of from standard input; a file name of "-"
           stands for standard input.

           read input from the string instring instead of from standard input.  All occurrences
           of the line separator character (default is a semicolon) in instring are converted to
           newlines before the reading begins.

           set the line separator character to linesep.  By default this is a semicolon.

           write output to the file outfile instead of to standard output; a file name of "-"
           stands for standard output.


          echo 48.648 -2.007 | GeodesicProj -c 48.836 2.337
          => -319919 -11791 86.7 0.999
          echo -319919 -11791 | GeodesicProj -c 48.836 2.337 -r
          => 48.648 -2.007 86.7 0.999


       An illegal line of input will print an error message to standard output beginning with
       "ERROR:" and causes GeodesicProj to return an exit code of 1.  However, an error does not
       cause GeodesicProj to terminate; following lines will be converted.


       The ellipsoidal gnomonic projection is derived in Section 13 of C. F. F. Karney, Geodesics
       on an ellipsoid of revolution, Feb. 2011; preprint <>.  See
       also Section 8 of C. F. F. Karney, Algorithms for geodesics, Sept. 2011; preprint


       GeodesicProj was written by Charles Karney.


       GeodesicProj was added to GeographicLib, <>, in 2009-08.  Prior
       to version 1.9 it was called EquidistantTest.