Provided by: cdw_0.7.1-1_amd64 bug

NAME

       cdw - front-end for cdrecord, mkisofs, growisofs and other tools

SYNOPSIS

       cdw [--help] [--version] [--enable-dvd-rp-dl] [--escdelay=X]

DESCRIPTION

       cdw  is  a front-end for command-line tools used for burning data CD and DVD discs and for
       related  tasks.   The   tools   are:   cdrecord/wodim,   mkisofs/genisoimage,   growisofs,
       dvd+rw-mediainfo,  dvd+rw-format,  xorriso.   You can also use cdw to rip tracks from your
       audio CD to raw audio files.  Limited support for copying content of CD and DVD  discs  to
       image  files  is  also  provided.  cdw can utilize md5sum program to verify correctness of
       writing ISO image to CD and DVD disc.

       cdw uses ncurses library to build user-friendly interface and  it  can  be  used  in  UNIX
       terminal  window  and  in  terminal  emulator  (like  konsole, rxvt or gnome-console) in X
       environment.

       cdw supports only ISO9660 filesystem for optical media. Other filesystem for optical media
       are not supported nor recognized.

SUPPORTED MEDIA

       Scope  of  supported  features  depends on which tools are installed on end user's system.
       Full list of supported media and actions is listed below.

       CD-AUDIO
              ripping audio tracks to raw audio files

       CD-R   writing files and ISO images (single- and multi-session)  with  cdrecord/wodim  and
              xorriso; copying content of first session to image file on your hard disc

       CD-RW  writing files and ISO images (single- and multi-session), erasing (erasing only TOC
              or blanking whole disc) with cdrecord/wodim and xorriso; copying content  of  first
              session to image file on your hard disc

       DVD-R, DVD+R
              writing  files  and  ISO  images  (multi-session,  but  without  closing  disc,  or
              single-session) with cdrecord/wodim, dvd+rw-tools and xorriso

       DVD-RW writing files and ISO images (multi-session or single-session); erasing, formatting
              -  quick  or slow (full) method; dvd+rw-tools only.  WARNING: multiple blanking may
              quickly render your DVD-RW unusable.

       DVD+RW writing files and ISO images (both writing  to  disc  from  scratch  and  appending
              data),  without  closing disc; blanking disc, but takes lots of time, and you don't
              need to do it anyway - you can always start writing to the same disc like you would
              write to blank disc. DVD+RW can be handled by both cdrecord/wodim and dvd+rw-tools.

       DVD+R DL
              there  is  now partial support for DVD+R DL discs: cdw can burn ISO image and files
              in single session. User has to explicitly enable it by passing "--enable-dvd-rp-dl"
              command   line  argument  to  cdw;  cdw  can  handle  DVD+R  DL  discs  only  using
              dvd+rw-tools; this feature is very incomplete and possibly buggy.

              Dual-layer media other than DVD+R DL are  not  yet  supported.   DVD-RAM,  Blu-ray,
              HD-DVD discs are not supported.

MANUAL

       You  can  write  data  discs  either  by  using  previously  created ISO image file, or by
       selecting files from hard drive and writing  them  directly  to  disc.   cdw  provides  UI
       elements for both actions.

       First  action  before  creating  new ISO image or writing files to disc is selecting files
       from your hard drive. You can do this by selecting "Add files" in left-hand menu. You will
       be  presented  with simple file selector.  Use Up/Down arrows or Page Up/Page Down keys to
       move, Enter key to change current directory, Space key to  select  files  or  directories.
       Selected items will be added to list displayed in cdw window. Use Escape key to close file
       selector window. The selector window shows you all files and directories (including hidden
       files) in current directory, in alphabetical order. You will see file size information for
       every file on the list. You can also delete previously selected files  from  list:  select
       "Delete  files"  from the menu and use Up/Down arrow keys to move and Delete key to delete
       highlighted item. Use Escape key when you finish deleting  files  from  list  of  selected
       files.

       Now  you  can  select "Create image" from left-hand menu. cdw will display a wizard window
       where you can change most common options, and where you can select path to target  ISO9660
       image file on your hard disc.

       You  can also select "Write files to disc" to write selected files to optical disc. If you
       select the option, cdw will display a wizard dialog window, in which you can  adjust  most
       common options related to burning files to disc.

       If  you  want to write ISO image file to optical disc, use "Write image to disc" option in
       left hand menu. You will be presented with file picker dialog that allows  you  to  select
       existing  ISO image file from your hard disc. After that cdw will display a wizard window,
       where you can modify most common options available for burning a disc.

       cdw allows you to verify correctness of this operation by checking a digest (e.g. md5 sum)
       of ISO file and of track written to disc.  You can request this by checking "Verify write"
       checkbox that will appear in write wizard. Please note that this checkbox is visible  only
       when  you  are  writing  ISO  file  to  empty  CD  or  DVD  disc.  This  function is still
       experimental. Make sure that a program  for  calculating  digests  is  installed  on  your
       machine.  cdw  supports  following  programs: md5sum sha1sum sha224sum sha256sum sha384sum
       sha512sum

       Another operation you can perform is erasing optical disc - CD-RW, DVD-RW (both Sequential
       Recording  and  Restricted Overwrite) or DVD+RW. You can do this by selecting "Erase disc"
       option in cdw left-hand menu. Please note that extensive erasing of DVD-RW may render your
       disc unusable if used extensively. In case of CD-RW and DVD-RW you will be asked what type
       of blanking you want to perform. You can choose fast mode or full mode. First one  doesn't
       take too much time (in case of CD-RW it only erases table of content of your disc), second
       one can be very time-consuming, depending on disc size and selected speed.

       When you will attempt to blank DVD-RW disc, blanking wizard  will  display  dropdown  that
       allows  you  to  choose  mode  (format) of DVD-RW disc: Restricted Overwrite or Sequential
       Recording.

       cdw can be useful when you want to copy your data CD or DVD to  ISO  image  on  your  hard
       drive.  You  do  this  by  selecting "Read disc" option from left-hand menu. This function
       allows you to copy first track from your data CD or  DVD.  Reading  second  and  following
       tracks from data discs, and reading discs written in mixed mode (one or more data tracks +
       audio tracks) discs are not supported.

       You can also use cdw to copy your audio CD to separate files (each track will  be  written
       to  separate  file).  You  do  this  by  selecting "Read disc" option from menu. cdw can't
       convert audio tracks to any popular audio format. The tracks are written to files  in  the
       same format as they appear on CD (2 channels, 44100 samples per second, 16 bit signed PCM,
       little endian (intel)). The file names have following name format: track_xx.raw (where  xx
       is track number). You can convert raw track file to wav file using e.g. sox command:

       sox -c 2 -r 44100 -L -2 -s track_name.raw -t wav track_name.wav

       The  last  operation  that  cdw  offers  is  verification  of data. You can use it for two
       purposes:

              ·  calculating a digest of selected file from hard disc;

              ·  comparing selected file with content of first track on optical disc; The  second
                 option  also  utilizes digest tool (e.g. md5sum), but may not work correctly, so
                 it is marked in cdw as "Experimental".

       cdw has Configuration window, accessed by  selecting  "Configuration"  item  in  left-hand
       menu.  The  window  allows  you  to set up some options for tools used by cdw, and for cdw
       itself. Configuration window has following tabs (you can access them using keys F2-F5):

              ·  Log and misc - contains options related to  log  file  in  which  cdw  logs  its
                 operations, and to some aspects of behavior of cdw.

              ·  Tools - options in this tab allow you to select tools from your operating system
                 that will be used to create ISO9660 images, burn  data  to  disc  etc.  You  can
                 safely leave "Configure tools manually" checkbox unmarked.

              ·  Audio - contains options related to ripping audio CDs.

              ·  Hardware  -  probably  will be visited only once, when you use cdw for the first
                 time or when you change your hardware configuration.  Here you can set paths  to
                 your devices used by cdw.

       All  options  available  in  Configuration  window  are  described below, in CONFIGURATION
       section.

       You have to use F9 or F10 key to save any changes made in Configuration window  and  close
       the  window.  To  close Configuration window without saving changes use Escape key. Values
       from "Tools" tab are saved only temporarily, they aren't stored in permanent configuration
       file.

       You  can  control  cdw using application's menu (visible on left side of screen), or using
       hotkeys.

   Main menu items
              ·  Add files: Select files and directories that you want to write to  optical  disc
                 or  to  ISO  image on your hard disc. Press Space to select a file or directory,
                 use Up and Down arrows to move on the list, press Enter key to change directory,
                 press Escape key to close file selection dialog.

              ·  Delete  files:  List  of  selected  files  is displayed on the right side of the
                 screen. If you want to delete files from the list, select this  button  and  use
                 Delete  key  to  delete  a file, Up and Down arrows to move on the list or press
                 Escape to end deleting.

              ·  Write files to disc: write selected files to optical disc that is  currently  in
                 drive.  You  will be warned if there is no disc in drive, the drive is not ready
                 or the disc is mounted.

              ·  Create image: write selected files to ISO image file. The ISO image file can  be
                 selected in file picker window.

              ·  Write  image  to  disc: write ISO image file to optical disc. The ISO image file
                 can be selected in file picker window. You will be warned if there is no disc in
                 drive, the drive is not ready or the disc is mounted.

              ·  Read  disc: Copy content of your single session data CD/DVD or audio CD to files
                 on hard drive. In case of data CD/DVD discs cdw will create correct  image  file
                 on  your  hard  disc,  but only for first track on disc, rest of tracks won't be
                 read (cdw can't read them correctly). In case of audio CDs cdw  will  copy  each
                 audio  track  to  separate raw audio file. You will have to recode the raw audio
                 track files in order to play them in your media player.

              ·  Erase disc: Erase data (partially or fully) from rewritable disc (CD-RW, DVD-RW,
                 DVD+RW)  that  is  currently  in  drive. You can select mode of erasing CD-RW or
                 DVD-RW: fast or full. You can't select mode of erasing of DVD+RW.

              ·  Verify data: Calculate digest of file selected from hard drive, or  compare  any
                 file with first track of optical disc.

              ·  Configuration: Selecting this menu option will display cdw Configuration window,
                 where you can set various options.

              ·  Quit: close cdw and return to your command line.

   Keys (hotkeys, available in main cdw window)
              ·  F1, H, ? - Show this help: Display help window with list of hotkeys.

              ·  F9/F10 - Show license of this program: display cdw license.

              ·  C - Show Configuration window

              ·  D - Show information about  disc:  cdw  will  run  external  tool  to  get  some
                 meta-information  about  optical disc in your drive and display this information
                 in text window.

              ·  E - Eject drive tray: open your optical drive tray (will close  tray  if  it  is
                 already open).

              ·  F  -  Write  selected  files  to disc: Write currently selected files to optical
                 disc.

              ·  G - Read content of CD: Copy content of your audio  or  data  CD  to  your  hard
                 drive.

              ·  I - Write ISO image to disc: Write ISO image to optical disc.

              ·  L - Show log of last operation: view file with record of latest operations.

              ·  R  -  Refresh  information  about  disc:  cdw will run external tool to get some
                 meta-information about optical disc in your drive and will display short summary
                 in lower-left part of main cdw window.

              ·  V  -  Verify  data:  calculate  digest  of  selected file (and of first track on
                 optical disc).

              ·  Q - Quit: close cdw and return to your command line

CONFIGURATION

       This section describes  Configuration  module  available  via  "Configuration"  button  in
       left-hand  menu  in  main  cdw window. You have to press F9/F10 in Configuration window to
       save changes made in the window and exit or press Escape key to close configuration window
       without  saving  changes.  Please note that changes made in "Tools" tab are saved only for
       current session with cdw.

              ·  Log and misc (first tab):

                 ·  Log file path - path to file, in which cdw writes its messages  and  messages
                    from   external   tools   (mkisofs,  cdrecord,  growisofs,  dvd+rw-mediainfo,
                    xorriso). Specifying this path is obligatory.

                 ·  Show log after actions - show the content of log file after some  of  actions
                    performed by cdw.

                 ·  ISO  volume size - size of ISO filesystem that you want to create. Most often
                    it is equal to capacity of optical disc that you want burn data to. This is a
                    dropdown,  from  which  you  can  select one of preselected values, or select
                    "Custom value". This custom value can be entered below the dropdown.

                 ·  Custom ISO volume size - size of ISO filesystem  that  you  want  to  create.
                    This  is  the  place  where  you  can  enter  nonstandard value of target ISO
                    filesystem size.

              ·  Tools (second tab): First thing that you will see in this tab  "Configure  tools
                 manually"  checkbox, it is unchecked by default, and this is safe default value.
                 In this state cdw select tools itself. If you check this checkbox  you  will  be
                 presented  with six dropdowns: first three allow you to select tools or families
                 of tools intended for specific tasks.  Remaining dropdowns allow you  to  select
                 paths  to  some  tools  used  by  cdw  for  some  tasks. All these dropdowns are
                 explained below.

                 ·  "Tool for creating stand alone ISO9660 file" - here you select a tool used to
                    create  ISO9660  file  saved  on  hard disc (stand-alone file).  Depending on
                    configuration of your software, here you can find mkisofs  (genisoimage)  and
                    xorriso.

                 ·  "Tools  for handling CDs" dropdown - here you select a tool that will be used
                    to burn data to CD/CD-RW discs  and  to  erase  CD-RW  discs.   Depending  on
                    configuration  of  your  software,  here  you  can  find cdrecord (wodim) and
                    xorriso.

                 ·  "Tools for handling DVDs" dropdown -  here you select a  tool  that  will  be
                    used  to  burn  data  to DVD discs and to erase DVD+/-RW discs.  Depending on
                    configuration of your software, here  you  can  find  dvd+rw-tools,  cdrecord
                    (wodim) and xorriso. Note that xorriso can be used only for DVD+/-R discs.

                 ·  "Path  to  mkisofs"  dropdown - here you can select one of implementations of
                    mkisofs installed in your system (e.g. if you have mkisofs and genisoimage).

                 ·  "Path to cdrecord" dropdown - here you can select one of  implementations  of
                    cdrecord installed in your system (e.g. if you have cdrecord and wodim).

                 ·  "Digest  tool"  -  here  you  can  select  a tool used for calculating digest
                    (checksum) - the tool is used e.g. during verification of burning of  ISO9660
                    file to optical disc. md5sum tool is the default one, if found.

                    Remember  that  these  settings  are saved only for your current session with
                    cdw, and that the settings will be discarded when you close cdw.

              ·  Audio (third tab):

                 ·  Audio output dir - path to directory, into which cdw  will  write  raw  audio
                    tracks, ripped from audio CD.

              ·  Hardware (fourth tab):

                 ·  "cdw  should  use this drive" dropdown - option allowing you to select one of
                    detected drives, or to use path to drive entered manually ("custom path");

                 ·  "Custom path to drive" - field in which you can specify your own  path  to  a
                    device, to be used when cdw can't autodetect all drives in your computer.

                 ·  SCSI  device - parameters describing your SCSI hardware, in following format:
                    scsibus,target,lun (for a SCSI-emulated IDE CDRW: 0,0,0). It is used only  by
                    cdrecord and you should enter appropriate value only if cdrecord has problems
                    with device path in form of '/dev/xxx'. Otherwise this field should  be  left
                    empty. This option hasn't been tested, so use it at your own risk.

OPTIONS

       Command line options are following:

       -h, -- help
              displays information about invoking cdw and its options

       -v, --version
              displays cdw version and copyright information

       --enable-dvd+rp-dl
              enables very basic support for DVD+R DL discs

       --escdelay=X
              modifies  delay  time between pressing Escape key in cdw window and reaction to the
              key

FILES

              ·  cdw.conf: Configuration file, usually stored in $HOME/.cdw/ directory.

              ·  cdw.log: Log file, by default stored in $HOME/.cdw/ directory. Path to this file
                 can  be  modified  in Configuration window ("Log and misc" tab > 'Log file path'
                 field).

              ·  cdw.colors: File with definition of color schemes used to customize interface of
                 cdw.  File is stored in $HOME/.cdw/ directory.

              ·  temporary   files:  cdw  uses  some  small  temporary  files  to  store  various
                 information. They are usually created in /tmp directory. If everything goes well
                 they are very short lived and are removed as soon as they are no longer needed.

ENVIRONMENT

              ·  HOME - cdw assumes that this variable exists and is set to valid user directory.
                 If not, then user is asked to select some other 'base' directory.

              ·  PATH - cdw reads this environment variable to find directories  with  executable
                 files. cdw will search in these directories for some tools.

DIAGNOSTICS

       cdw  uses  log  file  ($HOME/.cdw/cdw.log  by  default) to store information about actions
       performed. You can access this file using your file manager, or pressing 'L'  key  in  cdw
       window. Read this file for any hints if you experience any problems.

BUGS

       There are still some bugs related to memory management.

       cdw  is  developed  and  tested  almost exclusively on x64 GNU/Linux, running cdw on other
       configurations may produce some platform-specific bugs. Currently I can't verify  them  in
       any way.

       cdw  still fails to detect some problems reported by wodim/cdrecord mkisofs/genisoimage or
       growisofs, although things have improved in latest few versions). Support for  xorriso  is
       brand  new,  so  there is a lot error messages printed by xorriso, that cdw is unaware of,
       and will happily ignore them. It is recommended to read log file after every operation.

       Copying data CDs to ISO image may finish with  message  "Problems  occurred  when  copying
       tracks".  This  does not have to mean that output ISO file is corrupted: this be a sign of
       some low-level problems when reading from optical disc.  Similar message  displayed  after
       ripping  audio  CD  may  mean  that  one  or more track files created on your hard disc is
       corrupted and it is caused by invalid audio CD.

       If you notice any other bugs please let me know. You can do this either using bug  tracker
       on  cdw  project  site  (http://sourceforge.net/projects/cdw/) or by sending me an e-mail:
       acerion@wp.pl.

AUTHOR

       cdw is currently developed by Kamil Ignacak (acerion@wp.pl). First developer  of  cdw  was
       Varkonyi Balazs (http://sourceforge.net/users/vbali/).

COPYRIGHT

       Copyright (C) 2002 Varkonyi Balazs, Copyright (C) 2007 - 2012 Kamil Ignacak.  This program
       is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it under  the  terms  of  the  GNU
       General  Public  License as published by the Free Software Foundation; either version 2 of
       the    License,     or     (at     your     option)     any     later     version.     See
       http://www.gnu.org/licenses/old-licenses/gpl-2.0.html for details.

SEE ALSO

       cdrecord(1),  mkisofs(8),  growisofs(1),  dvd+rw-mediainfo(1),  dvd+rw-format(1),  cdrdao,
       mybashburn, k3b(1), gnomebaker(1), xorriso(1), libisoburn1, libburn4, libcdio.

                                           1 April 2012                              cdw 0.7.1(1)