Provided by: freetds-bin_0.91-5_amd64 bug


       freebcp - bulk loading utility for Sybase and Microsoft databases


       freebcp [[database.]owner.]object_name {in | [query]out} datafile
         { -c | -n | -f formatfile }
         [-b batchsize] [-F firstrow] [-L lastrow] [-e errfile]
         [-I interfaces] [-m maxerrors] [-t field_term] [-r row_term]
         [-h hints] [-T textsize] [-A packet_size] [-O options]
         [-S servername] [-U username] [-P password] [-EdVv]


       freebcp  is  a  utility  program distributed with FreeTDS.  freebcp replicates (in part at
       least) the  functionality  of  the  "bcp"  utility  programs  distributed  by  Sybase  and

       freebcp makes use of the db-lib bcp API provided by FreeTDS. This API is also available to
       application developers.

       The manual pages or online help for Sybase or  SQL  Server  can  be  referenced  for  more
       detailed information on "bcp" functionality.


              The  database  of  the  object  being copied.  Optional if the table/view is in the
              default database for username.

       owner  The owner of the object being copied. Optional if username or the database owner is
              the owner of the table.

              Usually,  object_name  is the name of the database table you wish to access. It can
              also be a view (and, subject to constraints, it is sometimes  possible  to  load  a
              view). It can also be an SQL query, cf. queryout, below.

       in | [query]out
              The direction of the bulk copy operation. 'in' indicates data are to be copied from
              a host file into a database table; 'out' indicates data are to  be  copied  from  a
              database  table  to  a host file. 'queryout' indicates that table_name is in fact a
              query, rather than a database object. freebcp will execute the query and write  the
              results  to  a  file.  (It is a good idea to have the query return one and only one
              result set.)

              The name of an operating system file.


       -c     The host data file is (or will be)  in  "character"  format,  i.e.,  a  text  file.
              Encoding is determined by the client charset attribute in freetds.conf.

       -n     The  host  data  file is in "native" format.  This is a format that freebcp will be
              able to process, but is not portable or readable.

       -f formatfile
              The format of the host  data  file  is  described  by  formatfile.  The  layout  of
              formatfile  is  identical  to  that  understood  by  the  Sybase  and Microsoft bcp
              utilities, but is too complicated to describe here.

       -b batchsize
              The number of rows per batch of data copied. Batching applies  only  when  you  are
              bulk  copying into the database. Each batch of data is effectively 'committed' into
              the database. The default value for batchsize is 1000.

       -F firstrow
              The first row to copy from the input file or database table.  The  default  is  the
              first row, row 1.

       -L lastrow
              The last row to copy from an input file  or database table. The default is the last

       -r row_term
              The row terminator for a character file.  May be more than one character.   Default
              is newline ('\n'). Cf. -c, above.

       -t field_term
              The  field  terminator for character file. Also known as a column delimiter. May be
              more than one character.  Default is tab ('\t'). Cf. -c, above.

       -m maxerrors
              Stop after encountering maxerror errors. Default 10.

       -e errfile
              Write errors to error_file. For uploads.  Includes line and column information, and
              the row data.

       -S servername
              The name of the Database Server to which to connect.

       -U username
              A database login name. If username is not provided, a domain login is attempted for
              TDS 7+ connections.

       -P password
              A database password.

       -E     Write the data in datafile to the table's IDENTITY column. Without this  flag,  the
              identity data present in the datafile will be ignored, and new IDENTITY values will
              be generated for the imported rows.

       -d     Turn off any logging. (Unintuitive, perhaps.)

       -O options
              SQL text to set connection options prior to the bcp operation.   If  options  is  a
              valid  filename,  the  SQL  is  read  from  the  file instead. Sometimes needed for
              queryout.  Example: "-O 'SET QUOTED_IDENTIFIER ON'"

       -I interfaces
              The name and  location  of  the  interfaces  file  to  search  when  connecting  to
              servername. Overrides freetds.conf.

       -h hints
              Set bcp hints. For valid values, cf. bcp_options() in the FreeTDS Reference Manual.

       -T textsize
              For text or image columns, set the maximum number of characters to request from the
              server. Defaults to  the  setting  in  freetds.conf.  If  not  specified  anywhere,
              defaults to the full size of the data.

       -A packet_size
              Set  the  size  of  a TDS packet to packet_size.  Not sure why you would want to do
              this, except as an experiment.

       -v -V  Print the version information and exit.


              default servername


       When connecting to a Sybase database server, it is required that the TDS 5.0  protocol  be
       used. When connecting to a Microsoft SQL Server 2000 database server, the TDS 7.1 protocol
       is required.

       Theoretically both Sybase and Microsoft support the TDS 4.2 protocol, but in reality  they
       implement  the  bcp  portion  of TDS 4.2 differently.  FreeTDS has no way of knowing which
       type of server it's connected to, hence TDS protocol 4.2 is not supported.


       freebcp first appeared in FreeTDS 0.60


       The freebcp utility was written by Bill Thompson (


       Currently, there is no support for text data types in freebcp, when SQL Server 2000 is the
       target database.