Provided by: gramps_4.0.3+dfsg-2_all bug


       gramps - Genealogical Research and Analysis Management Programming System.


       gramps  [-?|--help]  [--usage]  [--version]  [-l] [-u|--force-unlock] [-O|--open= DATABASE
       [-f|--format=  FORMAT]]  [-i|--import=  FILE  [-f|--format=  FORMAT]]  [-i|--import=  ...]
       [-e|--export=   FILE   [-f|--format=   FORMAT]]   [-a|--action=   ACTION]   [-p|--options=
       OPTIONSTRING]] [ FILE ] [--version]


       Gramps is a Free/OpenSource  genealogy  program.  It  is  written  in  Python,  using  the
       GTK+/GNOME  interface.  Gramps should seem familiar to anyone who has used other genealogy
       programs before such as Family Tree Maker (TM),  Personal Ancestral Files (TM), or the GNU
       Geneweb.  It supports importing of the ever popular GEDCOM format which is used world wide
       by almost all other genealogy software.


       gramps FILE
              When FILE is given (without any flags) as a family tree name or as  a  family  tree
              database  directory,  then  it  is opened and an interactive session is started. If
              FILE is a file format understood by Gramps, an empty family tree is created   whose
              name  is  based  on the FILE name and the data is imported into it. The rest of the
              options is ignored. This way of launching is suitable for using gramps as a handler
              for  genealogical  data  in  e.g. web browsers. This invocation can accept any data
              format native to gramps, see below.

       -f,--format= FORMAT
              Explicitly specify format of FILE given by preceding -i, or -e option.  If  the  -f
              option  is  not given for any FILE, the format of that file is guessed according to
              its extension or MIME-type.

              Formats available for export are gramps-xml (guessed if FILE  ends  with  .gramps),
              gedcom  (guessed  if FILE ends with .ged), or any file export available through the
              Gramps plugin system.

              Formats available for import are grdb, gramps-xml, gedcom, gramps-pkg  (guessed  if
              FILE ends with .gpkg), and geneweb (guessed if FILE ends with .gw).

              Formats  available  for  export are gramps-xml, gedcom, gramps-pkg, wft (guessed if
              FILE ends with .wft), geneweb, and iso  (never  guessed,  always  specify  with  -f

       -l     Print a list of known family trees.

              Unlock a locked database.

       -O,--open= DATABASE
              Open  DATABASE which must be an existing database directory or existing family tree
              name.  If no action, import or export options are given on the command line then an
              interactive session is started using that database.

       -i,--import= FILE
              Import  data  from  FILE.  If  you  haven't  specified  a database then a temporary
              database is used; this is deleted when you exit gramps.

              When more than one input file is given, each has to be preceded  by  -i  flag.  The
              files  are  imported in the specified order, i.e. -i FILE1 -i FILE2 and -i FILE2 -i
              FILE1 might produce different gramps IDs in the resulting database.

       -e,--export= FILE
              Export data into FILE. For gramps-xml, gedcom, wft, gramps-pkg,  and  geneweb,  the
              FILE is the name of the resulting file.

              When  more  than  one output file is given, each has to be preceded by -e flag. The
              files are written one by one, in the specified order.

       -a,--action= ACTION
              Perform  ACTION  on  the  imported  data.  This  is  done  after  all  imports  are
              successfully   completed.   Currently   available  actions  are  summary  (same  as
              Reports->View->Summary),  check  (same  as  Tools->Database  Processing->Check  and
              Repair), report (generates report), and tool (runs a plugin tool).  Both report and
              tool need the OPTIONSTRING supplied by the -p flag).

              The OPTIONSTRING should satisfy the following conditions:
              It must not contain any spaces.  If some arguments  need  to  include  spaces,  the
              string  should  be  enclosed  with  quotation marks, i.e., follow the shell syntax.
              Option string is a list of pairs with name and value  (separated  by  the  equality
              sign). The name and value pairs must be separated by commas.

              Most of the report or tools options are specific for each report or tool.  However,
              there are some common options.

              This mandatory option determines which report or tool will be run.  If the supplied
              name  does not correspond to any available report or tool, an error message will be
              printed followed by the list of  available  reports  or  tools  (depending  on  the

              This will produce the list of names for all options available for a given report or

              This will print the description of the functionality  supplied  by  optionname,  as
              well as what are the acceptable types and values for this option.

              Use the above options to find out everything about a given report.

       When more than one output action is given, each has to be preceded by -a flag. The actions
       are performed one by one, in the specified order.

       -d,--debug= LOGGER_NAME
              Enables debug logs for development and testing. Look at the source code for details

              Prints the version number of gramps and then exits


       If the first argument on the command line does not start with dash (i.e. no flag),  gramps
       will  attempt  to  open  the  file  with  the  name  given by the first argument and start
       interactive session, ignoring the rest of the command line arguments.

       If the -O flag is given, then gramps will try opening the supplied database and then  work
       with that data, as instructed by the further command line parameters.

       With  or  without  the  -O  flag,  there  could  be multiple imports, exports, and actions
       specified further on the command line by using -i, -e, and -a flags.

       The order of -i, -e, or -a options does not  matter.  The  actual  order  always  is:  all
       imports  (if any) -> all actions (if any) -> all exports (if any). But opening must always
       be first!

       If no -O or -i option is given, gramps will launch its main window  and  start  the  usual
       interactive session with the empty database, since there is no data to process, anyway.

       If  no  -e or -a options are given, gramps will launch its main window and start the usual
       interactive session with the database resulted from all imports. This database resides  in
       the import_db.grdb under ~/.gramps/import directory.

       The  error  encountered  during import, export, or action, will be either dumped to stdout
       (if these are exceptions handled by gramps) or to stderr (if these are not  handled).  Use
       usual shell redirections of stdout and stderr to save messages and errors in files.


       To open an existing family tree and import an xml file  into it, one may type:
              gramps -O 'My Family Tree' -i ~/db3.gramps

       The  above  changes the opened family tree, to do the same, but import both in a temporary
       family tree and start an interactive session, one may type:
              gramps -i 'My Family Tree' -i ~/db3.gramps

       To import four databases (whose formats can be determined from their names) and then check
       the resulting database for errors, one may type:
              gramps -i file1.ged -i file2.tgz -i ~/db3.gramps -i file4.wft -a check

       To  explicitly specify the formats in the above example, append filenames with appropriate
       -f options:
              gramps -i file1.ged -f gedcom -i file2.tgz -f gramps-pkg -i ~/db3.gramps -f gramps-
              xml -i file4.wft -f wft  -a check

       To  record the database resulting from all imports, supply -e flag (use -f if the filename
       does not allow gramps to guess the format):
              gramps -i file1.ged -i file2.tgz -e ~/new-package -f gramps-pkg

       To import three databases and start interactive gramps session with the result:
              gramps -i file1.ged -i file2.tgz -i ~/db3.gramps

       To run the Verify tool from the commandline and output the result to stdout:
              gramps -O 'My Family Tree' -a tool -p name=verify

       Finally, to start normal interactive session type:


       The program checks whether these environment variables are set:

       LANG - describe, which language to use: Ex.: for polish language this variable has  to  be
       set to pl_PL.UTF-8.

       GRAMPSHOME  - if set, force Gramps to use the specified directory to keep program settings
       and databases there. By default, this variable is not set  and  gramps  assumes  that  the
       folder  with  all databases and profile settings should be created within the user profile
       folder (described by environment variable  HOME  for  Linux  or  USERPROFILE  for  Windows


       Supports  a  python-based  plugin  system,  allowing  import  and  export  writers, report
       generators, tools, and display filters to  be  added  without  modification  of  the  main

       In  addition  to  generating  direct  printer  output, report generators also target other
       systems, such as, AbiWord, HTML, or LaTeX to allow the users to modify  the
       format to suit their needs.





       Donald Allingham <>

       This man page was originally written by:
       Brandon L. Griffith <>
       for inclusion in the Debian GNU/Linux system.

       This man page is currently maintained by:
       Gramps project <>


       The  user  documentation  is  available through standard GNOME Help browser in the form of
       Gramps Manual. The manual is also available  in  XML  format  as  gramps-manual.xml  under
       doc/gramps-manual/$LANG in the official source distribution.

       The developer documentation can be found on the site.