Provided by: hunspell_1.3.2-6ubuntu2_amd64 bug


       hunspell - spell checker, stemmer and morphological analyzer


       hunspell  [-1aDGHhLlmnrstvw]  [--check-url]  [-d  dict[,dict2,...]]  [--help] [-i enc] [-p
       dict] [-vv] [--version] [file(s)]


       Hunspell is fashioned after the Ispell program.  The most common usage  is  "hunspell"  or
       "hunspell  filename".   Without  filename  parameter,  hunspell checks the standard input.
       Typing "cat" and "exsample" in two input lines, we got an asterisk (it means  "cat"  is  a
       correct word) and a line with corrections:

              $ hunspell -d en_US
              Hunspell 1.2.3
              & exsample 4 0: example, examples, ex sample, ex-sample

       Correct words signed with an '*', '+' or '-', unrecognized words signed with '#' or '&' in
       output lines (see later).  (Close the standard input with Ctrl-d on Unix/Linux and  Ctrl-Z
       Enter or Ctrl-C on Windows.)

       With  filename  parameters,  hunspell  will  display each word of the files which does not
       appear in the dictionary at the top of the screen and allow you to change  it.   If  there
       are  "near  misses"  in  the  dictionary, then they are also displayed on following lines.
       Finally, the line containing the word and the previous line are printed at the  bottom  of
       the  screen.   If  your  terminal  can  display  in  reverse  video,  the  word  itself is
       highlighted.  You have the option of replacing the word completely, or choosing one of the
       suggested words. Commands are single characters as follows (case is ignored):

              R      Replace the misspelled word completely.

              Space  Accept the word this time only.

              A      Accept the word for the rest of this hunspell session.

              I      Accept  the  word,  capitalized  as  it  is  in the file, and update private

              U      Accept the word, and add an uncapitalized (actually, all lower-case) version
                     to the private dictionary.

              S      Ask  a  stem and a model word and store them in the private dictionary.  The
                     stem will be accepted also with the affixes of the model word.

              0-n    Replace with one of the suggested words.

              X      Write the rest of this file, ignoring misspellings, and start next file.

              Q      Exit immediately and leave the file unchanged.

              ^Z     Suspend hunspell.

              ?      Give help screen.


       -1     Check only first field in lines (delimiter = tabulator).

       -a     The -a option is intended to be used from other programs through a pipe.   In  this
              mode,  hunspell  prints  a one-line version identification message, and then begins
              reading lines of input.  For each input line, a  single  line  is  written  to  the
              standard  output  for  each word checked for spelling on the line.  If the word was
              found in the main dictionary, or your personal dictionary, then the  line  contains
              only  a '*'.  If the word was found through affix removal, then the line contains a
              '+', a space, and the root word.  If the word was found through compound  formation
              (concatenation of two words, then the line contains only a '-'.

              If  the  word  is  not  in the dictionary, but there are near misses, then the line
              contains an '&', a space, the misspelled word, a space, the number of near  misses,
              the number of characters between the beginning of the line and the beginning of the
              misspelled word, a colon, another space, and a list of the near misses separated by
              commas and spaces.

              Also, each near miss or guess is capitalized the same as the input word unless such
              capitalization is illegal; in  the  latter  case  each  near  miss  is  capitalized
              correctly according to the dictionary.

              Finally,  if  the  word  does  not  appear in the dictionary, and there are no near
              misses, then the line contains a '#', a space, the misspelled word,  a  space,  and
              the  character  offset from the beginning of the line.  Each sentence of text input
              is terminated with an additional blank line, indicating that hunspell has completed
              processing the input line.

              These output lines can be summarized as follows:

              OK:    *

              Root:  + <root>


              Miss:  & <original> <count> <offset>: <miss>, <miss>, ...

              None:  # <original> <offset>

              For  example,  a  dummy  dictionary containing the words "fray", "Frey", "fry", and
              "refried" might produce the following response to the command "echo 'frqy refries |
              hunspell -a":
              (#) Hunspell 0.4.1 (beta), 2005-05-26
              & frqy 3 0: fray, Frey, fry
              & refries 1 5: refried

              This  mode  is  also  suitable  for interactive use when you want to figure out the
              spelling of a single word (but this is the default behavior of hunspell without -a,

              When  in the -a mode, hunspell will also accept lines of single words prefixed with
              any of '*', '&', '@', '+', '-', '~', '#', '!', '%', '`', or '^'.  A  line  starting
              with  '*'  tells hunspell to insert the word into the user's dictionary (similar to
              the I command).  A line starting with '&' tells hunspell to insert an all-lowercase
              version  of the word into the user's dictionary (similar to the U command).  A line
              starting with '@' causes hunspell to accept this word in the future (similar to the
              A  command).   A  line starting with '+', followed immediately by tex or nroff will
              cause hunspell to parse future input according the syntax  of  that  formatter.   A
              line  consisting  solely of a '+' will place hunspell in TeX/LaTeX mode (similar to
              the -t option) and '-' returns hunspell to nroff/troff mode (but these commands are
              obsolete).  However, the string character type is not changed; the '~' command must
              be used to do this.  A line starting with  '~'  causes  hunspell  to  set  internal
              parameters (in particular, the default string character type) based on the filename
              given in the rest of the line.  (A file suffix is sufficient, but the  period  must
              be  included.   Instead  of  a file name or suffix, a unique name, as listed in the
              language affix file, may be specified.)  However,  the  formatter  parsing  is  not
              changed;   the  '+'  command must be used to change the formatter.  A line prefixed
              with '#' will cause the personal dictionary to be saved.  A line prefixed with  '!'
              will  turn  on  terse  mode  (see  below), and a line prefixed with '%' will return
              hunspell to normal (non-terse) mode.   A  line  prefixed  with  '`'  will  turn  on
              verbose-correction  mode  (see below); this mode can only be disabled by turning on
              terse mode with '%'.

              Any input following the prefix characters '+',  '-',  '#',  '!',  '%',  or  '`'  is
              ignored,  as  is  any  input following the filename on a '~' line.  To allow spell-
              checking of lines beginning with these characters, a line  starting  with  '^'  has
              that  character  removed  before  it  is  passed to the spell-checking code.  It is
              recommended that programmatic interfaces prefix every data line with an uparrow  to
              protect themselves against future changes in hunspell.

              To summarize these:

              *      Add to personal dictionary

              @      Accept word, but leave out of dictionary

              #      Save current personal dictionary

              ~      Set parameters based on filename

              +      Enter TeX mode

              -      Exit TeX mode

              !      Enter terse mode

              %      Exit terse mode

              `      Enter verbose-correction mode

              ^      Spell-check rest of line

              In  terse  mode, hunspell will not print lines beginning with '*', '+', or '-', all
              of which indicate correct words.  This significantly improves  running  speed  when
              the driving program is going to ignore correct words anyway.

              In  verbose-correction  mode, hunspell includes the original word immediately after
              the indicator character in output lines beginning with '*',  '+',  and  '-',  which
              simplifies interaction for some programs.

              Check URLs, e-mail addresses and directory paths.

       -D     Show  detected  path  of the loaded dictionary, and list of the search path and the
              available dictionaries.

       -d dict,dict2,...
              Set dictionaries by their base names with or without paths.  Example of the syntax:

       -d en_US,en_geo,en_med,de_DE,de_med

       en_US and de_DE are base dictionaries, they consist of aff and dic file pairs:  en_US.aff,
       en_US.dic  and  de_DE.aff,  de_DE.dic.   En_geo,  en_med, de_med are special dictionaries:
       dictionaries without affix file. Special dictionaries are optional extension of  the  base
       dictionaries  usually  with  special  (medical,  law  etc.)   terms.  There  is  no naming
       convention for special dictionaries, only the ".dic" extension: dictionaries without affix
       file  will  be an extension of the preceding base dictionary (right order of the parameter
       list needs for good suggestions).  First  item  of  -d  parameter  list  must  be  a  base

       -G     Print only correct words or lines.

       -H     The input file is in SGML/HTML format.

       -h, --help
              Short help.

       -i enc Set input encoding.

       -L     Print lines with misspelled words.

       -l     The  "list"  option is used to produce a list of misspelled words from the standard

       -m     Analyze the words of the input  text  (see  also  hunspell(4)  about  morphological
              analysis). Without dictionary morphological data, signs the flags of the affixes of
              the word forms for dictionary developers.

       -n     The input file is in nroff/troff format.

       -P password
              Set password for encrypted dictionaries.

       -p dict
              Set path of personal dictionary.  The default  dictionary  depends  on  the  locale
              settings.  The  following  environment variables are searched: LC_ALL, LC_MESSAGES,
              and  LANG.  If  none  are   set   then   the   default   personal   dictionary   is

              Setting  -d  or  the DICTIONARY environmental variable, personal dictionary will be

       -r     Warn of the rare words, wich are also potential spelling mistakes.

       -s     Stem the words of the input text (see also hunspell(4) about stemming). It  depends
              from the dictionary data.

       -t     The input file is in TeX or LaTeX format.

       -v, --version
              Print version number.

       -vv    Print ispell(1) compatible version number.

       -w     Print misspelled words (= lines) from one word/line input.


       hunspell -d en_US english.html

       hunspell -d en_US,en_US_med medical.txt

       hunspell -d ~/openoffice.org2.4/share/dict/ooo/de_DE

       hunspell *.html

       hunspell -l text.html


              Similar to -d.

              Dictionary path.

              Equivalent to -p.


       The default dictionary depends on the locale settings. The following environment variables
       are searched: LC_ALL, LC_MESSAGES, and LANG. If none are set then the following  fallbacks
       are used:

       /usr/share/myspell/default.aff Path of default affix file. See hunspell(4).

       /usr/share/myspell/default.dic Path of default dictionary file.  See hunspell(4).

       $HOME/.hunspell_default.  Default path to personal dictionary.


       hunspell (3), hunspell(4)


       Author of Hunspell executable is László Németh. For Hunspell library, see hunspell(3).

       This manual based on Ispell's manual. See ispell(1).


       There are some layout problems with long lines.

                                            2011-01-21                                hunspell(1)