Provided by: coreutils_8.21-1ubuntu5_amd64 bug

NAME

       join - join lines of two files on a common field

SYNOPSIS

       join [OPTION]... FILE1 FILE2

DESCRIPTION

       For  each pair of input lines with identical join fields, write a line to standard output.
       The default join field is the first, delimited by whitespace.  When FILE1  or  FILE2  (not
       both) is -, read standard input.

       -a FILENUM
              also  print  unpairable  lines  from  file  FILENUM,  where  FILENUM  is  1  or  2,
              corresponding to FILE1 or FILE2

       -e EMPTY
              replace missing input fields with EMPTY

       -i, --ignore-case
              ignore differences in case when comparing fields

       -j FIELD
              equivalent to '-1 FIELD -2 FIELD'

       -o FORMAT
              obey FORMAT while constructing output line

       -t CHAR
              use CHAR as input and output field separator

       -v FILENUM
              like -a FILENUM, but suppress joined output lines

       -1 FIELD
              join on this FIELD of file 1

       -2 FIELD
              join on this FIELD of file 2

       --check-order
              check that the input is correctly sorted, even if all input lines are pairable

       --nocheck-order
              do not check that the input is correctly sorted

       --header
              treat the first line in each file as field headers, print them  without  trying  to
              pair them

       --help display this help and exit

       --version
              output version information and exit

       Unless  -t  CHAR is given, leading blanks separate fields and are ignored, else fields are
       separated by CHAR.  Any FIELD is a field number counted from 1.  FORMAT  is  one  or  more
       comma  or  blank  separated  specifications,  each  being 'FILENUM.FIELD' or '0'.  Default
       FORMAT outputs the join field, the remaining fields from FILE1, the remaining fields  from
       FILE2,  all  separated  by  CHAR.  If FORMAT is the keyword 'auto', then the first line of
       each file determines the number of fields output for each line.

       Important: FILE1 and FILE2 must be sorted on the join fields.  E.g., use "sort -k 1b,1" if
       'join'  has  no  options, or use "join -t ''" if 'sort' has no options.  Note, comparisons
       honor the rules specified by 'LC_COLLATE'.  If the input is  not  sorted  and  some  lines
       cannot be joined, a warning message will be given.

AUTHOR

       Written by Mike Haertel.

REPORTING BUGS

       Report join bugs to bug-coreutils@gnu.org
       GNU coreutils home page: <http://www.gnu.org/software/coreutils/>
       General help using GNU software: <http://www.gnu.org/gethelp/>
       Report join translation bugs to <http://translationproject.org/team/>

COPYRIGHT

       Copyright  ©  2013  Free  Software  Foundation, Inc.  License GPLv3+: GNU GPL version 3 or
       later <http://gnu.org/licenses/gpl.html>.
       This is free software: you are free to change and redistribute it.  There is NO  WARRANTY,
       to the extent permitted by law.

SEE ALSO

       comm(1), uniq(1)

       The  full  documentation for join is maintained as a Texinfo manual.  If the info and join
       programs are properly installed at your site, the command

              info coreutils 'join invocation'

       should give you access to the complete manual.