Provided by: mariadb-server-5.5_5.5.36-1_amd64 bug


       myisamchk - MyISAM table-maintenance utility


       myisamchk [options] tbl_name ...


       The myisamchk utility gets information about your database tables or checks, repairs, or
       optimizes them.  myisamchk works with MyISAM tables (tables that have .MYD and .MYI files
       for storing data and indexes).

       The use of myisamchk with partitioned tables is not supported.

           It is best to make a backup of a table before performing a table repair operation;
           under some circumstances the operation might cause data loss. Possible causes include
           but are not limited to file system errors.

       Invoke myisamchk like this:

           shell> myisamchk [options] tbl_name ...

       The options specify what you want myisamchk to do. They are described in the following
       sections. You can also get a list of options by invoking myisamchk --help.

       With no options, myisamchk simply checks your table as the default operation. To get more
       information or to tell myisamchk to take corrective action, specify options as described
       in the following discussion.

       tbl_name is the database table you want to check or repair. If you run myisamchk somewhere
       other than in the database directory, you must specify the path to the database directory,
       because myisamchk has no idea where the database is located. In fact, myisamchk does not
       actually care whether the files you are working on are located in a database directory.
       You can copy the files that correspond to a database table into some other location and
       perform recovery operations on them there.

       You can name several tables on the myisamchk command line if you wish. You can also
       specify a table by naming its index file (the file with the .MYI suffix). This allows you
       to specify all tables in a directory by using the pattern *.MYI. For example, if you are
       in a database directory, you can check all the MyISAM tables in that directory like this:

           shell> myisamchk *.MYI

       If you are not in the database directory, you can check all the tables there by specifying
       the path to the directory:

           shell> myisamchk /path/to/database_dir/*.MYI

       You can even check all tables in all databases by specifying a wildcard with the path to
       the MySQL data directory:

           shell> myisamchk /path/to/datadir/*/*.MYI

       The recommended way to quickly check all MyISAM tables is:

           shell> myisamchk --silent --fast /path/to/datadir/*/*.MYI

       If you want to check all MyISAM tables and repair any that are corrupted, you can use the
       following command:

           shell> myisamchk --silent --force --fast --update-state \
                     --key_buffer_size=64M --sort_buffer_size=64M \
                     --read_buffer_size=1M --write_buffer_size=1M \

       This command assumes that you have more than 64MB free. For more information about memory
       allocation with myisamchk, see the section called “MYISAMCHK MEMORY USAGE”.

           You must ensure that no other program is using the tables while you are running
           myisamchk. The most effective means of doing so is to shut down the MySQL server while
           running myisamchk, or to lock all tables that myisamchk is being used on.

           Otherwise, when you run myisamchk, it may display the following error message:

               warning: clients are using or haven´t closed the table properly

           This means that you are trying to check a table that has been updated by another
           program (such as the mysqld server) that hasn´t yet closed the file or that has died
           without closing the file properly, which can sometimes lead to the corruption of one
           or more MyISAM tables.

           If mysqld is running, you must force it to flush any table modifications that are
           still buffered in memory by using FLUSH TABLES. You should then ensure that no one is
           using the tables while you are running myisamchk

           However, the easiest way to avoid this problem is to use CHECK TABLE instead of
           myisamchk to check tables. See Section, “CHECK TABLE Syntax”.

       myisamchk supports the following options, which can be specified on the command line or in
       the [myisamchk] option file group.  myisamchk also supports the options for processing
       option files described at Section, “Command-Line Options that Affect Option-File


       The options described in this section can be used for any type of table maintenance
       operation performed by myisamchk. The sections following this one describe options that
       pertain only to specific operations, such as table checking or repairing.

       ·   --help, -?

           Display a help message and exit. Options are grouped by type of operation.

       ·   --HELP, -H

           Display a help message and exit. Options are presented in a single list.

       ·   --debug=debug_options, -# debug_options

           Write a debugging log. A typical debug_options string is ´d:t:o,file_name´. The
           default is ´d:t:o,/tmp/myisamchk.trace´.

       ·   --silent, -s

           Silent mode. Write output only when errors occur. You can use -s twice (-ss) to make
           myisamchk very silent.

       ·   --verbose, -v

           Verbose mode. Print more information about what the program does. This can be used
           with -d and -e. Use -v multiple times (-vv, -vvv) for even more output.

       ·   --version, -V

           Display version information and exit.

       ·   --wait, -w

           Instead of terminating with an error if the table is locked, wait until the table is
           unlocked before continuing. If you are running mysqld with external locking disabled,
           the table can be locked only by another myisamchk command.

       You can also set the following variables by using --var_name=value syntax:

       │VariableDefault Value     │
       │decode_bits       │ 9                 │
       │ft_max_word_len   │ version-dependent │
       │ft_min_word_len   │ 4                 │
       │ft_stopword_file  │ built-in list     │
       │key_buffer_size   │ 523264            │
       │myisam_block_size │ 1024              │
       │read_buffer_size  │ 262136            │
       │sort_buffer_size  │ 2097144           │
       │sort_key_blocks   │ 16                │
       │stats_method      │ nulls_unequal     │
       │write_buffer_size │ 262136            │

       The possible myisamchk variables and their default values can be examined with myisamchk

       sort_buffer_size is used when the keys are repaired by sorting keys, which is the normal
       case when you use --recover.

       key_buffer_size is used when you are checking the table with --extend-check or when the
       keys are repaired by inserting keys row by row into the table (like when doing normal
       inserts). Repairing through the key buffer is used in the following cases:

       ·   You use --safe-recover.

       ·   The temporary files needed to sort the keys would be more than twice as big as when
           creating the key file directly. This is often the case when you have large key values
           for CHAR, VARCHAR, or TEXT columns, because the sort operation needs to store the
           complete key values as it proceeds. If you have lots of temporary space and you can
           force myisamchk to repair by sorting, you can use the --sort-recover option.

       Repairing through the key buffer takes much less disk space than using sorting, but is
       also much slower.

       If you want a faster repair, set the key_buffer_size and sort_buffer_size variables to
       about 25% of your available memory. You can set both variables to large values, because
       only one of them is used at a time.

       myisam_block_size is the size used for index blocks.

       stats_method influences how NULL values are treated for index statistics collection when
       the --analyze option is given. It acts like the myisam_stats_method system variable. For
       more information, see the description of myisam_stats_method in Section 5.1.4, “Server
       System Variables”, and Section 7.4.7, “MyISAM Index Statistics Collection”.

       ft_min_word_len and ft_max_word_len indicate the minimum and maximum word length for
       FULLTEXT indexes.  ft_stopword_file names the stopword file. These need to be set under
       the following circumstances.

       If you use myisamchk to perform an operation that modifies table indexes (such as repair
       or analyze), the FULLTEXT indexes are rebuilt using the default full-text parameter values
       for minimum and maximum word length and the stopword file unless you specify otherwise.
       This can result in queries failing.

       The problem occurs because these parameters are known only by the server. They are not
       stored in MyISAM index files. To avoid the problem if you have modified the minimum or
       maximum word length or the stopword file in the server, specify the same ft_min_word_len,
       ft_max_word_len, and ft_stopword_file values to myisamchk that you use for mysqld. For
       example, if you have set the minimum word length to 3, you can repair a table with
       myisamchk like this:

           shell> myisamchk --recover --ft_min_word_len=3 tbl_name.MYI

       To ensure that myisamchk and the server use the same values for full-text parameters, you
       can place each one in both the [mysqld] and [myisamchk] sections of an option file:


       An alternative to using myisamchk is to use the REPAIR TABLE, ANALYZE TABLE, OPTIMIZE
       TABLE, or ALTER TABLE. These statements are performed by the server, which knows the
       proper full-text parameter values to use.


       myisamchk supports the following options for table checking operations:

       ·   --check, -c

           Check the table for errors. This is the default operation if you specify no option
           that selects an operation type explicitly.

       ·   --check-only-changed, -C

           Check only tables that have changed since the last check.

       ·   --extend-check, -e

           Check the table very thoroughly. This is quite slow if the table has many indexes.
           This option should only be used in extreme cases. Normally, myisamchk or myisamchk
           --medium-check should be able to determine whether there are any errors in the table.

           If you are using --extend-check and have plenty of memory, setting the key_buffer_size
           variable to a large value helps the repair operation run faster.

           For a description of the output format, see the section called “MYISAMCHK TABLE

       ·   --fast, -F

           Check only tables that haven´t been closed properly.

       ·   --force, -f

           Do a repair operation automatically if myisamchk finds any errors in the table. The
           repair type is the same as that specified with the --recover or -r option.

       ·   --information, -i

           Print informational statistics about the table that is checked.

       ·   --medium-check, -m

           Do a check that is faster than an --extend-check operation. This finds only 99.99% of
           all errors, which should be good enough in most cases.

       ·   --read-only, -T

           Do not mark the table as checked. This is useful if you use myisamchk to check a table
           that is in use by some other application that does not use locking, such as mysqld
           when run with external locking disabled.

       ·   --update-state, -U

           Store information in the .MYI file to indicate when the table was checked and whether
           the table crashed. This should be used to get full benefit of the --check-only-changed
           option, but you shouldn´t use this option if the mysqld server is using the table and
           you are running it with external locking disabled.


       myisamchk supports the following options for table repair operations (operations performed
       when an option such as --recover or --safe-recover is given):

       ·   --backup, -B

           Make a backup of the .MYD file as file_name-time.BAK

       ·   --character-sets-dir=path

           The directory where character sets are installed. See Section 9.5, “Character Set

       ·   --correct-checksum

           Correct the checksum information for the table.

       ·   --data-file-length=len, -D len

           The maximum length of the data file (when re-creating data file when it is “full”).

       ·   --extend-check, -e

           Do a repair that tries to recover every possible row from the data file. Normally,
           this also finds a lot of garbage rows. Do not use this option unless you are

           For a description of the output format, see the section called “MYISAMCHK TABLE

       ·   --force, -f

           Overwrite old intermediate files (files with names like tbl_name.TMD) instead of

       ·   --keys-used=val, -k val

           For myisamchk, the option value is a bit-value that indicates which indexes to update.
           Each binary bit of the option value corresponds to a table index, where the first
           index is bit 0. An option value of 0 disables updates to all indexes, which can be
           used to get faster inserts. Deactivated indexes can be reactivated by using myisamchk

       ·   --no-symlinks, -l

           Do not follow symbolic links. Normally myisamchk repairs the table that a symlink
           points to. This option does not exist as of MySQL 4.0 because versions from 4.0 on do
           not remove symlinks during repair operations.

       ·   --max-record-length=len

           Skip rows larger than the given length if myisamchk cannot allocate memory to hold

       ·   --parallel-recover, -p

           Use the same technique as -r and -n, but create all the keys in parallel, using
           different threads.  This is beta-quality code. Use at your own risk!

       ·   --quick, -q

           Achieve a faster repair by modifying only the index file, not the data file. You can
           specify this option twice to force myisamchk to modify the original data file in case
           of duplicate keys.

       ·   --recover, -r

           Do a repair that can fix almost any problem except unique keys that are not unique
           (which is an extremely unlikely error with MyISAM tables). If you want to recover a
           table, this is the option to try first. You should try --safe-recover only if
           myisamchk reports that the table cannot be recovered using --recover. (In the unlikely
           case that --recover fails, the data file remains intact.)

           If you have lots of memory, you should increase the value of sort_buffer_size.

       ·   --safe-recover, -o

           Do a repair using an old recovery method that reads through all rows in order and
           updates all index trees based on the rows found. This is an order of magnitude slower
           than --recover, but can handle a couple of very unlikely cases that --recover cannot.
           This recovery method also uses much less disk space than --recover. Normally, you
           should repair first using --recover, and then with --safe-recover only if --recover

           If you have lots of memory, you should increase the value of key_buffer_size.

       ·   --set-character-set=name

           Change the character set used by the table indexes. This option was replaced by
           --set-collation in MySQL 5.0.3.

       ·   --set-collation=name

           Specify the collation to use for sorting table indexes. The character set name is
           implied by the first part of the collation name.

       ·   --sort-recover, -n

           Force myisamchk to use sorting to resolve the keys even if the temporary files would
           be very large.

       ·   --tmpdir=path, -t path

           The path of the directory to be used for storing temporary files. If this is not set,
           myisamchk uses the value of the TMPDIR environment variable.  tmpdir can be set to a
           list of directory paths that are used successively in round-robin fashion for creating
           temporary files. The separator character between directory names is the colon (“:”) on
           Unix and the semicolon (“;”) on Windows, NetWare, and OS/2.

       ·   --unpack, -u

           Unpack a table that was packed with myisampack.


       myisamchk supports the following options for actions other than table checks and repairs:

       ·   --analyze, -a

           Analyze the distribution of key values. This improves join performance by enabling the
           join optimizer to better choose the order in which to join the tables and which
           indexes it should use. To obtain information about the key distribution, use a
           myisamchk --description --verbose tbl_name command or the SHOW INDEX FROM tbl_name

       ·   --block-search=offset, -b offset

           Find the record that a block at the given offset belongs to.

       ·   --description, -d

           Print some descriptive information about the table. Specifying the --verbose option
           once or twice produces additional information. See the section called “MYISAMCHK TABLE

       ·   --set-auto-increment[=value], -A[value]

           Force AUTO_INCREMENT numbering for new records to start at the given value (or higher,
           if there are existing records with AUTO_INCREMENT values this large). If value is not
           specified, AUTO_INCREMENT numbers for new records begin with the largest value
           currently in the table, plus one.

       ·   --sort-index, -S

           Sort the index tree blocks in high-low order. This optimizes seeks and makes table
           scans that use indexes faster.

       ·   --sort-records=N, -R N

           Sort records according to a particular index. This makes your data much more localized
           and may speed up range-based SELECT and ORDER BY operations that use this index. (The
           first time you use this option to sort a table, it may be very slow.) To determine a
           table´s index numbers, use SHOW INDEX, which displays a table´s indexes in the same
           order that myisamchk sees them. Indexes are numbered beginning with 1.

           If keys are not packed (PACK_KEYS=0), they have the same length, so when myisamchk
           sorts and moves records, it just overwrites record offsets in the index. If keys are
           packed (PACK_KEYS=1), myisamchk must unpack key blocks first, then re-create indexes
           and pack the key blocks again. (In this case, re-creating indexes is faster than
           updating offsets for each index.)


       To obtain a description of a MyISAM table or statistics about it, use the commands shown
       here. The output from these commands is explained later in this section.

       ·   myisamchk -d tbl_name

           Runs myisamchk in “describe mode” to produce a description of your table. If you start
           the MySQL server with external locking disabled, myisamchk may report an error for a
           table that is updated while it runs. However, because myisamchk does not change the
           table in describe mode, there is no risk of destroying data.

       ·   myisamchk -dv tbl_name

           Adding -v runs myisamchk in verbose mode so that it produces more information about
           the table. Adding -v a second time produces even more information.

       ·   myisamchk -eis tbl_name

           Shows only the most important information from a table. This operation is slow because
           it must read the entire table.

       ·   myisamchk -eiv tbl_name

           This is like -eis, but tells you what is being done.

       The tbl_name argument can be either the name of a MyISAM table or the name of its index
       file, as described in myisamchk(1). Multiple tbl_name arguments can be given.

       Suppose that a table named person has the following structure. (The MAX_ROWS table option
       is included so that in the example output from myisamchk shown later, some values are
       smaller and fit the output format more easily.)

           CREATE TABLE person
             id         INT NOT NULL AUTO_INCREMENT,
             last_name  VARCHAR(20) NOT NULL,
             first_name VARCHAR(20) NOT NULL,
             birth      DATE,
             death      DATE,
             PRIMARY KEY (id),
             INDEX (last_name, first_name),
             INDEX (birth)
           ) MAX_ROWS = 1000000;

       Suppose also that the table has these data and index file sizes:

           -rw-rw----  1 mysql  mysql  9347072 Aug 19 11:47 person.MYD
           -rw-rw----  1 mysql  mysql  6066176 Aug 19 11:47 person.MYI

       Example of myisamchk -dvv output:

           MyISAM file:         person
           Record format:       Packed
           Character set:       latin1_swedish_ci (8)
           File-version:        1
           Creation time:       2009-08-19 16:47:41
           Recover time:        2009-08-19 16:47:56
           Status:              checked,analyzed,optimized keys
           Auto increment key:              1  Last value:                306688
           Data records:               306688  Deleted blocks:                 0
           Datafile parts:             306688  Deleted data:                   0
           Datafile pointer (bytes):        4  Keyfile pointer (bytes):        3
           Datafile length:           9347072  Keyfile length:           6066176
           Max datafile length:    4294967294  Max keyfile length:   17179868159
           Recordlength:                   54
           table description:
           Key Start Len Index   Type                 Rec/key         Root  Blocksize
           1   2     4   unique  long                       1        99328       1024
           2   6     20  multip. varchar prefix           512      3563520       1024
               27    20          varchar                  512
           3   48    3   multip. uint24 NULL           306688      6065152       1024
           Field Start Length Nullpos Nullbit Type
           1     1     1
           2     2     4                      no zeros
           3     6     21                     varchar
           4     27    21                     varchar
           5     48    3      1       1       no zeros
           6     51    3      1       2       no zeros

       Explanations for the types of information myisamchk produces are given here.  “Keyfile”
       refers to the index file.  “Record” and “row” are synonymous, as are “field” and “column.”

       The initial part of the table description contains these values:

       ·   MyISAM file

           Name of the MyISAM (index) file.

       ·   Record format

           The format used to store table rows. The preceding examples use Fixed length. Other
           possible values are Compressed and Packed. (Packed corresponds to what SHOW TABLE
           STATUS reports as Dynamic.)

       ·   Chararacter set

           The table default character set.

       ·   File-version

           Version of MyISAM format. Currently always 1.

       ·   Creation time

           When the data file was created.

       ·   Recover time

           When the index/data file was last reconstructed.

       ·   Status

           Table status flags. Possible values are crashed, open, changed, analyzed, optimized
           keys, and sorted index pages.

       ·   Auto increment key, Last value

           The key number associated the table´s AUTO_INCREMENT column, and the most recently
           generated value for this column. These fields do not appear if there is no such

       ·   Data records

           The number of rows in the table.

       ·   Deleted blocks

           How many deleted blocks still have reserved space. You can optimize your table to
           minimize this space. See Section 6.6.4, “MyISAM Table Optimization”.

       ·   Datafile parts

           For dynamic-row format, this indicates how many data blocks there are. For an
           optimized table without fragmented rows, this is the same as Data records.

       ·   Deleted data

           How many bytes of unreclaimed deleted data there are. You can optimize your table to
           minimize this space. See Section 6.6.4, “MyISAM Table Optimization”.

       ·   Datafile pointer

           The size of the data file pointer, in bytes. It is usually 2, 3, 4, or 5 bytes. Most
           tables manage with 2 bytes, but this cannot be controlled from MySQL yet. For fixed
           tables, this is a row address. For dynamic tables, this is a byte address.

       ·   Keyfile pointer

           The size of the index file pointer, in bytes. It is usually 1, 2, or 3 bytes. Most
           tables manage with 2 bytes, but this is calculated automatically by MySQL. It is
           always a block address.

       ·   Max datafile length

           How long the table data file can become, in bytes.

       ·   Max keyfile length

           How long the table index file can become, in bytes.

       ·   Recordlength

           How much space each row takes, in bytes.

       The table description part of the output includes a list of all keys in the table. For
       each key, myisamchk displays some low-level information:

       ·   Key

           This key´s number. This value is shown only for the first column of the key. If this
           value is missing, the line corresponds to the second or later column of a
           multiple-column key. For the table shown in the example, there are two table
           description lines for the second index. This indicates that it is a multiple-part
           index with two parts.

       ·   Start

           Where in the row this portion of the index starts.

       ·   Len

           How long this portion of the index is. For packed numbers, this should always be the
           full length of the column. For strings, it may be shorter than the full length of the
           indexed column, because you can index a prefix of a string column. The total length of
           a multiple-part key is the sum of the Len values for all key parts.

       ·   Index

           Whether a key value can exist multiple times in the index. Possible values are unique
           or multip.  (multiple).

       ·   Type

           What data type this portion of the index has. This is a MyISAM data type with the
           possible values packed, stripped, or empty.

       ·   Root

           Address of the root index block.

       ·   Blocksize

           The size of each index block. By default this is 1024, but the value may be changed at
           compile time when MySQL is built from source.

       ·   Rec/key

           This is a statistical value used by the optimizer. It tells how many rows there are
           per value for this index. A unique index always has a value of 1. This may be updated
           after a table is loaded (or greatly changed) with myisamchk -a. If this is not updated
           at all, a default value of 30 is given.

       The last part of the output provides information about each column:

       ·   Field

           The column number.

       ·   Start

           The byte position of the column within table rows.

       ·   Length

           The length of the column in bytes.

       ·   Nullpos, Nullbit

           For columns that can be NULL, MyISAM stores NULL values as a flag in a byte. Depending
           on how many nullable columns there are, there can be one or more bytes used for this
           purpose. The Nullpos and Nullbit values, if nonempty, indicate which byte and bit
           contains that flag indicating whether the column is NULL.

           The position and number of bytes used to store NULL flags is shown in the line for
           field 1. This is why there are six Field lines for the person table even though it has
           only five columns.

       ·   Type

           The data type. The value may contain any of the following descriptors:

           ·   constant

               All rows have the same value.

           ·   no endspace

               Do not store endspace.

           ·   no endspace, not_always

               Do not store endspace and do not do endspace compression for all values.

           ·   no endspace, no empty

               Do not store endspace. Do not store empty values.

           ·   table-lookup

               The column was converted to an ENUM.

           ·   zerofill(N)

               The most significant N bytes in the value are always 0 and are not stored.

           ·   no zeros

               Do not store zeros.

           ·   always zero

               Zero values are stored using one bit.

       ·   Huff tree

           The number of the Huffman tree associated with the column.

       ·   Bits

           The number of bits used in the Huffman tree.

       The Huff tree and Bits fields are displayed if the table has been compressed with
       myisampack. See myisampack(1), for an example of this information.

       Example of myisamchk -eiv output:

           Checking MyISAM file: person
           Data records:  306688   Deleted blocks:       0
           - check file-size
           - check record delete-chain
           No recordlinks
           - check key delete-chain
           block_size 1024:
           - check index reference
           - check data record references index: 1
           Key:  1:  Keyblocks used:  98%  Packed:    0%  Max levels:  3
           - check data record references index: 2
           Key:  2:  Keyblocks used:  99%  Packed:   97%  Max levels:  3
           - check data record references index: 3
           Key:  3:  Keyblocks used:  98%  Packed:  -14%  Max levels:  3
           Total:    Keyblocks used:  98%  Packed:   89%
           - check records and index references
           *** LOTS OF ROW NUMBERS DELETED ***
           Records:            306688  M.recordlength:       25  Packed:            83%
           Recordspace used:       97% Empty space:           2% Blocks/Record:   1.00
           Record blocks:      306688  Delete blocks:         0
           Record data:       7934464  Deleted data:          0
           Lost space:         256512  Linkdata:        1156096
           User time 43.08, System time 1.68
           Maximum resident set size 0, Integral resident set size 0
           Non-physical pagefaults 0, Physical pagefaults 0, Swaps 0
           Blocks in 0 out 7, Messages in 0 out 0, Signals 0
           Voluntary context switches 0, Involuntary context switches 0
           Maximum memory usage: 1046926 bytes (1023k)

       myisamchk -eiv output includes the following information:

       ·   Data records

           The number of rows in the table.

       ·   Deleted blocks

           How many deleted blocks still have reserved space. You can optimize your table to
           minimize this space. See Section 6.6.4, “MyISAM Table Optimization”.

       ·   Key

           The key number.

       ·   Keyblocks used

           What percentage of the keyblocks are used. When a table has just been reorganized with
           myisamchk, the values are very high (very near theoretical maximum).

       ·   Packed

           MySQL tries to pack key values that have a common suffix. This can only be used for
           indexes on CHAR and VARCHAR columns. For long indexed strings that have similar
           leftmost parts, this can significantly reduce the space used. In the preceding
           example, the second key is 40 bytes long and a 97% reduction in space is achieved.

       ·   Max levels

           How deep the B-tree for this key is. Large tables with long key values get high

       ·   Records

           How many rows are in the table.

       ·   M.recordlength

           The average row length. This is the exact row length for tables with fixed-length
           rows, because all rows have the same length.

       ·   Packed

           MySQL strips spaces from the end of strings. The Packed value indicates the percentage
           of savings achieved by doing this.

       ·   Recordspace used

           What percentage of the data file is used.

       ·   Empty space

           What percentage of the data file is unused.

       ·   Blocks/Record

           Average number of blocks per row (that is, how many links a fragmented row is composed
           of). This is always 1.0 for fixed-format tables. This value should stay as close to
           1.0 as possible. If it gets too large, you can reorganize the table. See
           Section 6.6.4, “MyISAM Table Optimization”.

       ·   Recordblocks

           How many blocks (links) are used. For fixed-format tables, this is the same as the
           number of rows.

       ·   Deleteblocks

           How many blocks (links) are deleted.

       ·   Recorddata

           How many bytes in the data file are used.

       ·   Deleted data

           How many bytes in the data file are deleted (unused).

       ·   Lost space

           If a row is updated to a shorter length, some space is lost. This is the sum of all
           such losses, in bytes.

       ·   Linkdata

           When the dynamic table format is used, row fragments are linked with pointers (4 to 7
           bytes each).  Linkdata is the sum of the amount of storage used by all such pointers.


       Memory allocation is important when you run myisamchk.  myisamchk uses no more memory than
       its memory-related variables are set to. If you are going to use myisamchk on very large
       tables, you should first decide how much memory you want it to use. The default is to use
       only about 3MB to perform repairs. By using larger values, you can get myisamchk to
       operate faster. For example, if you have more than 32MB RAM, you could use options such as
       these (in addition to any other options you might specify):

           shell> myisamchk --sort_buffer_size=16M \
                      --key_buffer_size=16M \
                      --read_buffer_size=1M \
                      --write_buffer_size=1M ...

       Using --sort_buffer_size=16M should probably be enough for most cases.

       Be aware that myisamchk uses temporary files in TMPDIR. If TMPDIR points to a memory file
       system, out of memory errors can easily occur. If this happens, run myisamchk with the
       --tmpdir=path option to specify a directory located on a file system that has more space.

       When performing repair operations, myisamchk also needs a lot of disk space:

       ·   Twice the size of the data file (the original file and a copy). This space is not
           needed if you do a repair with --quick; in this case, only the index file is
           re-created.  This space must be available on the same file system as the original data
           file, as the copy is created in the same directory as the original.

       ·   Space for the new index file that replaces the old one. The old index file is
           truncated at the start of the repair operation, so you usually ignore this space. This
           space must be available on the same file system as the original data file.

       ·   When using --recover or --sort-recover (but not when using --safe-recover), you need
           space on disk for sorting. This space is allocated in the temporary directory
           (specified by TMPDIR or --tmpdir=path). The following formula yields the amount of
           space required:

               (largest_key + row_pointer_length) × number_of_rows × 2

           You can check the length of the keys and the row_pointer_length with myisamchk -dv
           tbl_name (see the section called “MYISAMCHK TABLE INFORMATION”). The
           row_pointer_length and number_of_rows values are the Datafile pointer and Data records
           values in the table description. To determine the largest_key value, check the Key
           lines in the table description. The Len column indicates the number of bytes for each
           key part. For a multiple-column index, the key size is the sum of the Len values for
           all key parts.

       If you have a problem with disk space during repair, you can try --safe-recover instead of


       Copyright 2007-2008 MySQL AB, 2008-2010 Sun Microsystems, Inc.

       This documentation is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it only under
       the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by the Free Software Foundation;
       version 2 of the License.

       This documentation is distributed in the hope that it will be useful, but WITHOUT ANY
       WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR
       PURPOSE. See the GNU General Public License for more details.

       You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License along with the program;
       if not, write to the Free Software Foundation, Inc., 51 Franklin Street, Fifth Floor,
       Boston, MA 02110-1301 USA or see


       For more information, please refer to the MySQL Reference Manual, which may already be
       installed locally and which is also available online at


       Sun Microsystems, Inc. (