Provided by: gdal-bin_1.10.1+dfsg-5ubuntu1_amd64 bug


       ogr2ogr - ogr2ogr converts simple features data between file formats


       Usage: ogr2ogr [--help-general] [-skipfailures] [-append] [-update]
                      [-select field_list] [-where restricted_where]
                      [-progress] [-sql <sql statement>] [-dialect dialect]
                      [-preserve_fid] [-fid FID]
                      [-spat xmin ymin xmax ymax]
                      [-a_srs srs_def] [-t_srs srs_def] [-s_srs srs_def]
                      [-f format_name] [-overwrite] [[-dsco NAME=VALUE] ...]
                      dst_datasource_name src_datasource_name
                      [-lco NAME=VALUE] [-nln name] [-nlt type] [-dim 2|3] [layer [layer ...]]

       Advanced options :
                      [-gt n]
                      [-clipsrc [xmin ymin xmax ymax]|WKT|datasource|spat_extent]
                      [-clipsrcsql sql_statement] [-clipsrclayer layer]
                      [-clipsrcwhere expression]
                      [-clipdst [xmin ymin xmax ymax]|WKT|datasource]
                      [-clipdstsql sql_statement] [-clipdstlayer layer]
                      [-clipdstwhere expression]
                      [-wrapdateline] [-datelineoffset val]
                      [[-simplify tolerance] | [-segmentize max_dist]]
                      [-fieldTypeToString All|(type1[,type2]*)]
                      [-fieldmap identity | index1[,index2]*]
                      [-splitlistfields] [-maxsubfields val]
                      [-explodecollections] [-zfield field_name]
                      [-gcp pixel line easting northing [elevation]]* [-order n | -tps].fi


       This program can be used to convert simple features data between file formats performing
       various operations during the process such as spatial or attribute selections, reducing
       the set of attributes, setting the output coordinate system or even reprojecting the
       features during translation.

        -f format_name:
           output file format name (default is ESRI Shapefile), some possible values are:

            -f "ESRI Shapefile"
            -f "TIGER"
            -f "MapInfo File"
            -f "GML"
            -f "PostgreSQL"

           Append to existing layer instead of creating new

           Delete the output layer and recreate it empty

           Open existing output datasource in update mode rather than trying to create a new one

       -select field_list:
           Comma-delimited list of fields from input layer to copy to the new layer. A field is
           skipped if mentioned previously in the list even if the input layer has duplicate
           field names. (Defaults to all; any field is skipped if a subsequent field with same
           name is found.)

           (starting with GDAL 1.7.0) Display progress on terminal. Only works if input layers
           have the 'fast feature count' capability.

       -sql sql_statement:
           SQL statement to execute. The resulting table/layer will be saved to the output.

       -dialect dialect:
           SQL dialect. In some cases can be used to use (unoptimized) OGR SQL instead of the
           native SQL of an RDBMS by passing OGRSQL. Starting with GDAL 1.10, the 'SQLITE'
           dialect can also be used with any datasource.

       -where restricted_where:
           Attribute query (like SQL WHERE)

           Continue after a failure, skipping the failed feature.

       -spat xmin ymin xmax ymax:
           spatial query extents. Only features whose geometry intersects the extents will be
           selected. The geometries will not be clipped unless -clipsrc is specified

       -dsco NAME=VALUE:
           Dataset creation option (format specific)

       -lco NAME=VALUE:
           Layer creation option (format specific)

       -nln name:
           Assign an alternate name to the new layer

       -nlt type:
           Define the geometry type for the created layer. One of NONE, GEOMETRY, POINT,
           Add '25D' to the name to get 2.5D versions. Starting with GDAL 1.10, PROMOTE_TO_MULTI
           can be used to automatically promote layers that mix polygon or multipolygons to
           multipolygons, and layers that mix linestrings or multilinestrings to
           multilinestrings. Can be useful when converting shapefiles to PostGIS (and other
           target drivers) that implements strict checks for geometry type.

       -dim val:
           (starting with GDAL 1.10) Force the coordinate dimension to val (valid values are 2 or
           3). This affects both the layer geometry type, and feature geometries.

       -a_srs srs_def:
           Assign an output SRS

       -t_srs srs_def:
           Reproject/transform to this SRS on output

       -s_srs srs_def:
           Override source SRS

           Use the FID of the source features instead of letting the output driver to
           automatically assign a new one.

       -fid fid:
           If provided, only the feature with this feature id will be reported. Operates
           exclusive of the spatial or attribute queries. Note: if you want to select several
           features based on their feature id, you can also use the fact the 'fid' is a special
           field recognized by OGR SQL. So, '-where 'fid in (1,3,5)'' would select features 1, 3
           and 5.

       Srs_def can be a full WKT definition (hard to escape properly), or a well known definition
       (ie. EPSG:4326) or a file with a WKT definition.

       Advanced options :

       -gt n:
           group n features per transaction (default 200). Increase the value for better
           performance when writing into DBMS drivers that have transaction support.

       -clipsrc [xmin ymin xmax ymax]|WKT|datasource|spat_extent:
           (starting with GDAL 1.7.0) clip geometries to the specified bounding box (expressed in
           source SRS), WKT geometry (POLYGON or MULTIPOLYGON), from a datasource or to the
           spatial extent of the -spat option if you use the spat_extent keyword. When specifying
           a datasource, you will generally want to use it in combination of the -clipsrclayer,
           -clipsrcwhere or -clipsrcsql options

       -clipsrcsql sql_statement:
           Select desired geometries using an SQL query instead.

       -clipsrclayer layername:
           Select the named layer from the source clip datasource.

       -clipsrcwhere expression:
           Restrict desired geometries based on attribute query.

       -clipdst xmin ymin xmax ymax:
           (starting with GDAL 1.7.0) clip geometries after reprojection to the specified
           bounding box (expressed in dest SRS), WKT geometry (POLYGON or MULTIPOLYGON) or from a
           datasource. When specifying a datasource, you will generally want to use it in
           combination of the -clipdstlayer, -clipdstwhere or -clipdstsql options

       -clipdstsql sql_statement:
           Select desired geometries using an SQL query instead.

       -clipdstlayer layername:
           Select the named layer from the destination clip datasource.

       -clipdstwhere expression:
           Restrict desired geometries based on attribute query.

           (starting with GDAL 1.7.0) split geometries crossing the dateline meridian (long. =
           +/- 180deg)

           (starting with GDAL 1.10) offset from dateline in degrees (default long. = +/- 10deg,
           geometries within 170deg to -170deg will be splited)

       -simplify tolerance:
           (starting with GDAL 1.9.0) distance tolerance for simplification. Note: the algorithm
           used preserves topology per feature, in particular for polygon geometries, but not for
           a whole layer.

       -segmentize max_dist:
           (starting with GDAL 1.6.0) maximum distance between 2 nodes. Used to create
           intermediate points

       -fieldTypeToString type1, ...:
           (starting with GDAL 1.7.0) converts any field of the specified type to a field of type
           string in the destination layer. Valid types are : Integer, Real, String, Date, Time,
           DateTime, Binary, IntegerList, RealList, StringList. Special value All can be used to
           convert all fields to strings. This is an alternate way to using the CAST operator of
           OGR SQL, that may avoid typing a long SQL query.

           (starting with GDAL 1.8.0) split fields of type StringList, RealList or IntegerList
           into as many fields of type String, Real or Integer as necessary.

       -maxsubfields val:
           To be combined with -splitlistfields to limit the number of subfields created for each
           split field.

           (starting with GDAL 1.8.0) produce one feature for each geometry in any kind of
           geometry collection in the source file

       -zfield field_name:
           (starting with GDAL 1.8.0) Uses the specified field to fill the Z coordinate of

       -gcp ungeoref_x ungeoref_y georef_x georef_y elevation:
           (starting with GDAL 1.10.0) Add the indicated ground control point. This option may be
           provided multiple times to provide a set of GCPs.

       -order n:
           (starting with GDAL 1.10.0) order of polynomial used for warping (1 to 3). The default
           is to select a polynomial order based on the number of GCPs.

           (starting with GDAL 1.10.0) Force use of thin plate spline transformer based on
           available GCPs.

           (starting with GDAL 1.10.0) Specifies the list of field indexes to be copied from the
           source to the destination. The (n)th value specified in the list is the index of the
           field in the target layer definition in which the n(th) field of the source layer must
           be copied. Index count starts at zero. There must be exactly as many values in the
           list as the count of the fields in the source layer. We can use the 'identity' setting
           to specify that the fields should be transferred by using the same order. This setting
           should be used along with the -append setting.


       When writing into transactional DBMS (SQLite/PostgreSQL,MySQL, etc...), it might be
       beneficial to increase the number of INSERT statements executed between BEGIN TRANSACTION
       and COMMIT TRANSACTION statements. This number is specified with the -gt option. For
       example, for SQLite, explicitly defining -gt 1024 usually ensures a noticeable performance
       boost; defining an even bigger -gt 65536 ensures optimal performance while populating some
       table containing many hundredth thousand or million rows. However, note that if there are
       failed insertions, the scope of -skipfailures is a whole transaction.

       For PostgreSQL, the PG_USE_COPY config option can be set to YES for significantly
       insertion performance boot. See the PG driver documentation page.

       More generally, consult the documentation page of the input and output drivers for
       performance hints.


       Example appending to an existing layer (both flags need to be used):

       % ogr2ogr -update -append -f PostgreSQL PG:dbname=warmerda

       Example reprojecting from ETRS_1989_LAEA_52N_10E to EPSG:4326 and clipping to a bounding

       % ogr2ogr -wrapdateline -t_srs EPSG:4326 -clipdst -5 40 15 55 france_4326.shp europe_laea.shp

       Example for using the -fieldmap setting. The first field of the source layer is used to
       fill the third field (index 2 = third field) of the target layer, the second field of the
       source layer is ignored, the third field of the source layer used to fill the fifth field
       of the target layer.

       % ogr2ogr -append -fieldmap 2,-1,4 dst.shp src.shp

       More examples are given in the individual format pages.


       Frank Warmerdam, Silke Reimer