Provided by: grass-doc_6.4.3-3_all bug


       r.univar  - Calculates univariate statistics from the non-null cells of a raster map.


       raster, statistics


       r.univar help
       r.univar        [-get]       map=name[,name,...]        [zones=name]         [output=name]
       [percentile=float[,float,...]]   [fs=character]   [--verbose]  [--quiet]

           Print the stats in shell script style

           Calculate extended statistics

           Table output format instead of standard output format

           Verbose module output

           Quiet module output

           Name of input raster map(s)

           Raster map used for zoning, must be of type CELL

           Name for output file (if omitted or "-" output to stdout)

           Percentile to calculate (requires extended statistics flag)
           Options: 0-100
           Default: 90

           Field separator
           Special characters: space, comma, tab
           Default: |


       r.univar calculates the univariate statistics  of  one  or  several  raster  map(s).  This
       includes  the  number of cells counted, minimum and maximum cell values, range, arithmetic
       mean, population variance, standard deviation, and coefficient  of  variation.  Statistics
       are  calculated  separately for every category/zone found in the zones input map if given.
       If the -e extended statistics flag is given the 1st quartile, median,  3rd  quartile,  and
       given  percentile  are calculated.  If the -g flag is given the results are presented in a
       format suitable for use in a shell script.  If the  -t  flag  is  given  the  results  are
       presented  in  tabular format with the given field separator. The table can immediately be
       converted to a vector attribute table which can then be  linked  to  a  vector,  e.g.  the
       vector that was rasterized to create the zones input raster.

       When  multiple  input  maps  are given to r.univar, the overall statistics are calculated.
       This is useful for a time series of the same variable, as  well  as  for  the  case  of  a
       segmented/tiled dataset. Allowing multiple raster maps to be specified saves the user from
       using a temporary raster map for the result of r.series or r.patch.


       As with most GRASS raster modules, r.univar operates on the raster array  defined  by  the
       current  region  settings,  not  the  original extent and resolution of the input map. See

       This module can use large amounts of system memory when the -e extended statistics flag is
       used  with  a very large region setting. If the region is too large the module should exit
       gracefully with a memory allocation error. Basic statistics can be  calculated  using  any
       size input region.

       Without  a  zones input raster, the r.quantile module will be significantly more efficient
       for calculating percentiles with large maps.


       Calculate the raster statistics for zones within a vector  map  coverage  and  upload  the
       results for mean, min and max back to the vector map:
       #### set the raster region to match the map
       g.region vect=fields res=10 -ap
       #### create rasterized version of vector map in=fields out=fields.10m use=cat type=area labelcolumn=label
       r.colors fields.10m color=random
       #### perform analysis
       r.univar -t map=elevation.10m zones=fields.10m | \
         cut -f1,5,6,8 -d'|' > fields_stats.txt
       #### populate vector DB with stats
       # create working copy of vector map
       g.copy vect=fields,fields_stats
       # create new attribute columns to hold output
       v.db.addcol map=fields_stats \
         columns='mean_elev   DOUBLE   PRECISION,  min_elev  DOUBLE  PRECISION,  max_elev  DOUBLE
       # create SQL command file, and execute it
       sed -e '1d' fields_stats.txt | awk -F'|' \
         '{print "UPDATE fields_stats SET min_elev = "$2", max_elev = "$3", \
         mean_elev = "$4" WHERE cat = "$1";"}' \
          > fields_stats_sqlcmd.txt
       db.execute input=fields_stats_sqlcmd.txt
       #### view completed table fields_stats


       mode, skewness, kurtosis


        g.region, r3.univar, r.average, r.median, r.mode, r.quantile, r.sum,  r.series,  r.stats,
       v.rast.stats, r.statistics, v.univar


       Hamish Bowman, Otago University, New Zealand
       Extended statistics by Martin Landa
       Multiple input map support by Ivan Shmakov
       Zonal loop by Markus Metz

       Last changed: $Date: 2012-08-14 02:11:23 -0700 (Tue, 14 Aug 2012) $

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