Provided by: gridengine-common_6.2u5-7.3_all bug


       sge_ckpt.1 - the Sun Grid Engine checkpointing mechanism and checkpointing support


       Sun  Grid  Engine  supports  two  levels  of checkpointing: the user level and a operating
       system provided transparent level. User level checkpointing refers to applications,  which
       do  their own checkpointing by writing restart files at certain times or algorithmic steps
       and by properly processing these restart files when restarted.

       Transparent checkpointing has to be provided  by  the  operating  system  and  is  usually
       integrated   in   the  operating  system  kernel.  An  example  for  a  kernel  integrated
       checkpointing facility is the Hibernator package from Softway for SGI IRIX platforms.

       Checkpointing jobs need to be identified to the Sun Grid Engine system by using the  -ckpt
       option  of  the  qsub1()  command.  The  argument  to  this  flag  refers  to  a so called
       checkpointing environment, which defines the attributes of the checkpointing method to  be
       used  (see  checkpoint5()  for  details).   Checkpointing  environments  are  setup by the
       qconf1() options -ackpt, -dckpt, -mckpt and -sckpt. The qsub1() option -c can be  used  to
       overwrite the when attribute for the referenced checkpointing environment.

       If  a  queue  is  of the type CHECKPOINTING, jobs need to have the checkpointing attribute
       flagged (see the -ckpt option to qsub1()) to be permitted to  run  in  such  a  queue.  As
       opposed  to  the  behavior  for  regular  batch jobs, checkpointing jobs are aborted under
       conditions, for which batch or interactive jobs are suspended  or  even  stay  unaffected.
       These conditions are:

       ·  Explicit  suspension of the queue or job via qmod1() by the cluster administration or a
          queue owner if the x occasion specifier (see qsub1() -c and checkpoint5()) was assigned
          to the job.

       ·  A   load   average  value  exceeding  the  suspend  threshold  as  configured  for  the
          corresponding queues (see queue_conf5().)

       ·  Shutdown of the Sun Grid Engine execution daemon sge_execd8() being responsible for the
          checkpointing job.

       After  abortion,  the  jobs will migrate to other queues unless they were submitted to one
       specific queue by an explicit user request.  The migration of jobs leads to a dynamic load
       balancing.   Note: The abortion of checkpointed jobs will free all resources (memory, swap
       space) which the job occupies at that time. This is opposed to the situation for suspended
       regular jobs, which still cover swap space.


       When  a  job  migrates  to  a queue on another machine at present no files are transferred
       automatically to that machine. This means that all files which  are  used  throughout  the
       entire  job  including  restart  files,  executables  and scratch files must be visible or
       transferred explicitly (e.g. at the beginning of the job script).

       There are also some practical limitations regarding use of disk  space  for  transparently
       checkpointing  jobs.  Checkpoints  of a transparently checkpointed application are usually
       stored in a checkpoint file or directory by the operating system. The  file  or  directory
       contains  all  the text, data, and stack space for the process, along with some additional
       control information. This means jobs which use a very large  virtual  address  space  will
       generate  very  large  checkpoint  files.  Also  the  workstations  on which the jobs will
       actually execute may have little free disk space.  Thus  it  is  not  always  possible  to
       transfer  a  transparent checkpointing job to a machine, even though that machine is idle.
       Since large virtual memory jobs must wait for a machine that  is  both  idle,  and  has  a
       sufficient amount of free disk space, such jobs may suffer long turnaround times.


       sge_intro1(,)  qconf1(,) qmod1(,) qsub1(,) checkpoint5(,) Sun Grid Engine Installation and
       Administration Guide, Sun Grid Engine User's Guide


       See sge_intro1() for a full statement of rights and permissions.