Provided by: sp_1.3.4-1.2.1-47.3ubuntu1_amd64 bug


       spam - an SGML markup stream editor

       An  System Conforming to
       International Standard ISO 8879 —
       Standard Generalized Markup Language


       spam  [  -ehilprvx  ]  [ -ccatalog_file ] [ -Ddirectory ] [ -ffile ] [ -mmarkup_option ] [
       -oentity_name ] [ -wwarning_type ] sysid...


       This manual page may be out of date.  Consult the HTML documentation for the  most  up-to-
       date information concerning this program.

       Spam  (SP  Add  Markup)  is  an SGML markup stream editor implemented using the SP parser.
       Spam parses the SGML document contained in sysid...  and copies to the standard output the
       portion of the document entity containing the document instance, adding or changing markup
       as specified by the -m options.  The -p option can be used to include the SGML declaration
       and  prolog  in  the  output.  The -o option can be used to output other entities.  The -x
       option can be used to expand entity references.

       For more information about the underlying SGML parser and entity manager, see nsgmls(1).

       The following options are available:

       -cfile Use the catalog entry file file.

              Search directory for files specified in system identifiers.   Multiple  -D  options
              are allowed.  See nsgmls(1) for more information about file searching.

       -e     Describe open entities in error messages.

       -ffile Redirect  errors  to  file.   This is useful mainly with shells that do not support
              redirection of stderr.

       -h     Hoist omitted tags out from the start of internal entities.  If  the  text  at  the
              beginning of an internal entity causes a tag to be implied, the tag will usually be
              treated as being in that internal entity; this option will instead cause it  to  be
              treated  as  being  in the entity that referenced the internal entity.  This option
              makes a difference in conjunction with -momittag or -x -x.

       -iname Pretend that

                     <!ENTITY % name "INCLUDE">

              occurs at the start of the  document  type  declaration  subset  in  the   document

       -l     Prefer  lower-case.   Added names that were subject to upper-case substitution will
              be converted to lower-case.

              Change the markup in the output according to the value of markup_option as follows:

                     Add tags that were omitted using omitted tag minimization.   End  tags  that
                     were  omitted  because  the  element  has  a declared content of EMPTY or an
                     explicit content reference will not be added.

                     Replace short references by named entity references.

              net    Change null end-tags into  unminimized  end-tags,  and  change  net-enabling
                     start-tags into unminimized start-tags.

                     Change empty tags into unminimized tags.

                     Change unclosed tags into unminimized tags.

                     Add omitted attribute names and vis.

                     Add literal delimiters omitted from attribute values.

                     Add omitted attribute specifications.

                     Add omitted attribute specifications for current attributes.  This option is
                     implied by the attspec option.

                     Equivalent to combination of net, emptytag, unclosed, attname, attvalue  and
                     attspec options.

              rank   Add omitted rank suffixes.

                     Put reserved names in upper-case.

              ms     Remove  marked  section  declarations  whose effective status is IGNORE, and
                     replace each marked section declaration whose effective status is INCLUDE by
                     its  marked section.  In the document instance, empty comments will be added
                     before or after the marked section declaration to ensure that ignored record
                     ends remain ignored.

              Multiple -m options are allowed.

       -oname Output  the  general  entity  name instead of the document entity.  The output will
              correspond to the first time that the entity is referenced in content.

       -p     Output the part of the document entity containing the SGML declaration (if  it  was
              explicitly present in the document entity) and the prolog before anything else.  If
              this option is specified two or more times, then all  entity  references  occurring
              between  declarations  in  the  prolog will be expanded; this includes the implicit
              reference to the entity containing the external subset of the DTD, if there is one.
              Note  that  the  SGML  declaration  will  not be included if it was specified by an
              SGMLDECL entry in a catalog.

       -r     Don't perform any conversion on RSs and REs when outputting the entity.  The entity
              would typically have the storage manager attribute records=asis.

       -v     Print the version number.

       -wtype Control  warnings  and  errors  according  to  type.  See nsgmls(1) for the allowed
              values of type.

       -x     Expand references to entities that are changed.  If this option is specified two or
              more times, then all references to entities that contain tags will be expanded.


       Omitted  tags  are added at the point where they are implied by the SGML parser (except as
       modified by the -h option); this is often not quite where they are wanted.

       The case of general delimiters is not preserved.

       Incorrect results may be produced if a variant concrete syntax is used which is such  that
       there  are  delimiters in markup to be added that have a prefix that is a proper suffix of
       some other delimiter.

       If an entity reference in a default value uses the default entity and an entity with  that
       name  is  subsequently  defined  and that default value is added to the document instance,
       then the resulting document may not be equivalent to the  original  document.   Spam  will
       give a warning when the first two conditions are met.


       James Clark (