Provided by: spamc_3.4.0-1ubuntu1_amd64 bug


       spamc - client for spamd


       spamc [options] < message


       Spamc is the client half of the spamc/spamd pair.  It should be used in place of
       "spamassassin" in scripts to process mail.  It will read the mail from STDIN, and spool it
       to its connection to spamd, then read the result back and print it to STDOUT.  Spamc has
       extremely low overhead in loading, so it should be much faster to load than the whole
       spamassassin program.

       See the README file in the spamd directory of the SpamAssassin distribution for more


       All options detailed below can be passed as command line arguments, or be contained in a
       configuration file, as described in the CONFIGURATION FILE section below.

       Note that the long options, a la "--long-options", are new as of SpamAssassin 3.2.0, and
       were not available in earlier versions.

       -B, --bsmtp
           Assume input is a single BSMTP-formatted message. In other words, spamc will pull out
           everything between the DATA line and the lone-dot line to feed to spamd, and will
           place the spamd output back in the same envelope (thus, any SIZE extension in your
           BSMTP file will cause many problems).

       -c, --check
           Just check if the message is spam or not.  Set process exitcode to 1 if message is
           spam, 0 if not spam or processing failure occurs.  Will print score/threshold to
           stdout (as ints) or 0/0 if there was an error.  Combining -c and -E is a no-op, since
           -c implies the behaviour of -E.

       -d host[,host2], --dest=host[,host2]
           In TCP/IP mode, connect to spamd server on given host (default: localhost).  Several
           hosts can be specified if separated by commas.

           If host resolves to multiple addresses, then spamc will fail-over to the other
           addresses, if the first one cannot be connected to.  It will first try all addresses
           of one host before it tries the next one in the list.  Note that this fail-over
           behaviour is incompatible with -x; if that switch is used, fail-over will not occur.

       -e command [args], --pipe-to command [args]
           Instead of writing to stdout, pipe the output to command's standard input.  Note that
           there is a very slight chance mail will be lost here, because if the fork-and-exec
           fails there's no place to put the mail message.

           Note that this must be the LAST command line option, as everything after the -e is
           taken as arguments to the command (it's like rxvt or xterm).

           This option is not supported on Win32 platforms.

       -E, --exitcode
           Filter according to the other options, but set the process exitcode to 1 if message is
           spam, 0 if not spam or processing failure occurs.

       -F /path/to/file, --config=path
           Specify a configuration file to read additional command-line flags from.  See
           CONFIGURATION FILE below.

       -h, --help
           Print this help message and terminate without action.

       -H, --randomize
           For TCP/IP sockets, randomize the IP addresses returned for the hosts given by the -d
           switch. This provides for a simple kind of load balancing.  It will try only three
           times though.

       -l, --log-to-stderr
           Send log messages to stderr, instead of to the syslog.

       -L learn type, --learntype=type
           Send message to spamd for learning.  The "learn type" can be either spam, ham or
           forget.  The exitcode for spamc will be set to 5 if the message was learned, or 6 if
           it was already learned, under a condition that a --no-safe-fallback option is selected

           Note that the "spamd" must run with the "--allow-tell" option for this to work.

       -C report type, --reporttype=type
           Report or revoke a message to one of the configured collaborative filtering databases.
           The "report type" can be either report or revoke.

           Note that the "spamd" must run with the "--allow-tell" option for this to work.

       -p port, --port=port
           In TCP/IP mode, connect to spamd server listening on given port (default: 783).

       -r, --full-spam
           Just output the SpamAssassin report text to stdout, if the message is spam.  If the
           message is ham (non-spam), nothing will be printed.  The first line of the output is
           the message score and the threshold, in this format:


       -R, --full
           Just output the SpamAssassin report text to stdout, for all messages.  See -r for
           details of the output format used.

       -s max_size, --max-size=max_size
           Set the maximum message size which will be sent to spamd -- any bigger than this
           threshold and the message will be returned unprocessed (default: 500 KB).  If spamc
           gets handed a message bigger than this, it won't be passed to spamd.  The maximum
           message size is 256 MB.

           The size is specified in bytes, as a positive integer greater than 0.  For example, -s

           Retry connecting to spamd retries times.  The default is 3 times.

           Sleep for sleep seconds between attempts to connect to spamd.  The default is 1

           Retry filtering retries times if the spamd process fails (usually times out).  This
           differs from --connect-retries in that it times out the transaction after the TCP
           connection has been established successfully.  The default is 1 time (ie. one attempt
           and no retries).

           Sleep for sleep seconds between failed spamd filtering attempts.  The default is 1

       -S, --ssl, --ssl=sslversion
           If spamc was built with support for SSL, encrypt data to and from the spamd process
           with SSL; spamd must support SSL as well.  sslversion specifies the SSL protocol
           version to use, either "sslv3", or "tlsv1". The default, is "sslv3".

       -t timeout, --timeout=timeout
           Set the timeout for spamc-to-spamd communications (default: 600, 0 disables).  If
           spamd takes longer than this many seconds to reply to a message, spamc will abort the
           connection and treat this as a failure to connect; in other words the message will be
           returned unprocessed.

       -n timeout, --connect-timeout=timeout
           Set the timeout for spamc-to-spamd connection establishment (default: 600, 0
           disables). If spamc takes longer than this many seconds to establish a connection to
           spamd, spamc will abort the connection and treat this as a failure to connect; in
           other words the message will be returned unprocessed.

       -u username, --username=username
           To have spamd use per-user-config files, run spamc as the user whose config files
           spamd should load; by default the effective user-ID is sent to spamd.  If you're
           running spamc as some other user, though, (eg. root, mail, nobody, cyrus, etc.) then
           you may use this flag to override the default.

       -U socketpath, --socket=path
           Connect to "spamd" via UNIX domain socket socketpath instead of a TCP/IP connection.

           This option is not supported on Win32 platforms.

       -V, --version
           Report the version of this "spamc" client.  If built with SSL support, an additional
           line will be included noting this, like so:

             SpamAssassin Client version 3.0.0-rc4
               compiled with SSL support (OpenSSL 0.9.7d 17 Mar 2004)

       -x, --no-safe-fallback
           Disables the 'safe fallback' error-recovery method, which passes through the unaltered
           message if an error occurs.  Instead, exit with an error code, and let the MTA queue
           up the mails for a retry later.  See also "EXIT CODES".

           This also disables the TCP fail-over behaviour from -d.

       -X, --unavailable-tempfail
           When disabling 'safe fallback' with -x, this option will turn EX_UNAVAILABLE errors
           into EX_TEMPFAIL. This may allow your MTA to defer mails with a temporary SMTP error
           instead of bouncing them with a permanent SMTP error.  See also "EXIT CODES".

       -y, --tests
           Just output the names of the tests hit to stdout, on one line, separated by commas.

       -K  Perform a keep-alive check of spamd, instead of a full message check.

       -z  Use gzip compression to compress the mail message sent to "spamd". This is useful for
           long-distance use of spamc over the internet. Note that this relies on "zlib" being
           installed on the "spamc" client side, and the "Compress::Zlib" perl module on the
           server side; an error will be returned otherwise.

           Perform a scan, but instead of allowing any part of the message (header and body) to
           be rewritten, limit rewriting to only the message headers. This is much more efficient
           in bandwidth usage, since the response message transmitted back from the spamd server
           will not include the body.

           Note that this only makes sense if you are using "report_safe 0" in the scanning
           configuration on the remote end; with "report_safe 1", it is likely to result in
           corrupt messages.


       The above command-line switches can also be loaded from a configuration file.

       The format of the file is similar to the SpamAssassin rules files; blank lines and lines
       beginning with "#" are ignored.  Any space-separated words are considered additions to the
       command line, and are prepended. Newlines are treated as equivalent to spaces. Existing
       command line switches will override any settings in the configuration file.

       If the -F switch is specified, that file will be used.  Otherwise, "spamc" will attempt to
       load spamc.conf in "SYSCONFDIR" (default: /etc/spamassassin). If that file doesn't exist,
       and the -F switch is not specified, no configuration file will be read.


           # spamc global configuration file

           # connect to "", port 783
           -p 783

           # max message size for scanning = 350k
           -s 350000


       By default, spamc will use the 'safe fallback' error recovery method.  That means, it will
       always exit with an exit code of 0, even if an error was encountered.  If any error
       occurrs, it will simply pass through the unaltered message.

       The -c and -E options modify this; instead, spamc will use an exit code of 1 if the
       message is determined to be spam.

       If one of the "-x", "-L" or "-C" options are specified, 'safe fallback' will be disabled,
       and certain error conditions related to communication between spamc and spamd will result
       in an error code.

       The exit codes used are as follows:

           EX_USAGE        64  command line usage error
           EX_DATAERR      65  data format error
           EX_NOINPUT      66  cannot open input
           EX_NOUSER       67  addressee unknown
           EX_NOHOST       68  host name unknown
           EX_UNAVAILABLE  69  service unavailable
           EX_SOFTWARE     70  internal software error
           EX_OSERR        71  system error (e.g., can't fork)
           EX_OSFILE       72  critical OS file missing
           EX_CANTCREAT    73  can't create (user) output file
           EX_IOERR        74  input/output error
           EX_TEMPFAIL     75  temp failure; user is invited to retry
           EX_PROTOCOL     76  remote error in protocol
           EX_NOPERM       77  permission denied
           EX_CONFIG       78  configuration error

           * The EX_TOOBIG error level is never used.  If spamc receives a message
             that is too big, the exit code will be 0.

           EX_TOOBIG       98  message was too big to process (see --max-size)


       spamd(8) spamassassin(1) Mail::SpamAssassin(3)




       The SpamAssassin(tm) Project <>


       SpamAssassin is distributed under the Apache License, Version 2.0, as described in the
       file "LICENSE" included with the distribution.