Provided by: texlive-base_2013.20140215-1_all bug


       tlmgr - the TeX Live Manager


       tlmgr [option]... action [option]... [operand]...


       tlmgr manages an existing TeX Live installation, both packages and configuration options.
       For information on initially downloading and installing TeX Live, see

       The most up-to-date version of this documentation (updated nightly from the development
       sources) is available at <>, along with procedures for
       updating "tlmgr" itself and information about test versions.

       WARNING: tlmgr in Debian runs always in user mode

       TeX Live is organized into a few top-level schemes, each of which is specified as a
       different set of collections and packages, where a collection is a set of packages, and a
       package is what contains actual files.  Schemes typically contain a mix of collections and
       packages, but each package is included in exactly one collection, no more and no less.  A
       TeX Live installation can be customized and managed at any level.

       See <> for all the TeX Live documentation available.


       After successfully installing TeX Live, here are a few common operations with "tlmgr":

       "tlmgr option repository"
           Tell "tlmgr" to use a nearby CTAN mirror for future updates; useful if you installed
           TeX Live from the DVD image and want continuing updates.

       "tlmgr update --list"
           Report what would be updated without actually updating anything.

       "tlmgr update --all"
           Make your local TeX installation correspond to what is in the package repository
           (typically useful when updating from CTAN).

       "tlmgr info" pkg
           Display detailed information about pkg, such as the installation status and

       For all the capabilities and details of "tlmgr", please read the following voluminous


       The following options to "tlmgr" are global options, not specific to any action.  All
       options, whether global or action-specific, can be given anywhere on the command line, and
       in any order.  The first non-option argument will be the main action.  In all cases,
       "--"option and "-"option are equivalent, and an "=" is optional between an option name and
       its value.

       --repository url|path
           Specifies the package repository from which packages should be installed or updated,
           overriding the default package repository found in the installation's TeX Live Package
           Database (a.k.a. the TLPDB, defined entirely in the file "tlpkg/texlive.tlpdb").  The
           documentation for "install-tl" has more details about this

           "--repository" changes the repository location only for the current run; to make a
           permanent change, use "option repository" (see the "option" action).

           For backward compatibility and convenience, "--location" and "--repo" are accepted as
           aliases for this option.

       --gui [action]
           "tlmgr" has a graphical interface as well as the command line interface.  You can give
           this option, "--gui", together with an action to be brought directly into the
           respective screen of the GUI.  For example, running

             tlmgr --gui update

           starts you directly at the update screen.  If no action is given, the GUI will be
           started at the main screen.

       --gui-lang llcode
           By default, the GUI tries to deduce your language from the environment (on Windows via
           the registry, on Unix via "LC_MESSAGES"). If that fails you can select a different
           language by giving this option with a language code (based on ISO 639-1).  Currently
           supported (but not necessarily completely translated) are: English (en, default),
           Czech (cs), German (de), French (fr), Italian (it), Japanese (ja), Dutch (nl), Polish
           (pl), Brazilian Portuguese (pt_BR), Russian (ru), Slovak (sk), Slovenian (sl), Serbian
           (sr), Ukrainian (uk), Vietnamese (vi), simplified Chinese (zh_CN), and traditional
           Chinese (zh_TW).

           In GUI mode, this switch tells "tlmgr" to report any untranslated (or missing)
           messages to standard error.  This can help translators to see what remains to be done.

           Instead of the normal output intended for human consumption, write (to standard
           output) a fixed format more suitable for machine parsing.  See the "MACHINE-READABLE
           OUTPUT" section below.

           Suppress the execution of the execute actions as defined in the tlpsrc files.
           Documented only for completeness, as this is only useful in debugging.

       --package-logfile file
           "tlmgr" logs all package actions (install, remove, update, failed updates, failed
           restores) to a separate log file, by default "TEXMFSYSVAR/web2c/tlmgr.log".  This
           option allows you to specific a different file for the log.

           This option makes "tlmgr" wait for user input before exiting.  Useful on Windows to
           avoid disappearing command windows.

           For network-based installations, this option (on by default) makes "tlmgr" try to set
           up a persistent connection (using the "LWP" Perl module).  The idea is to open and
           reuse only one connection per session between your computer and the server, instead of
           initiating a new download for each package.

           If this is not possible, "tlmgr" will fall back to using "wget".  To disable these
           persistent connections, use "--no-persistent-downloads".

           Change the pinning file location from "TEXMFLOCAL/tlpkg/pinning.txt" (see "Pinning"
           below).  Documented only for completeness, as this is only useful in debugging.

           Activates user mode for this run of "tlmgr"; see "USER MODE" below.

       --usertree dir
           Uses dir for the tree in user mode; see "USER MODE" below.

       The standard options for TeX Live programs are also accepted: "--help/-h/-?", "--version",
       "-q" (no informational messages), "-v" (debugging messages, can be repeated).  For the
       details about these, see the "TeXLive::TLUtils" documentation.

       The "--version" option shows version information about the TeX Live release and about the
       "tlmgr" script itself.  If "-v" is also given, revision number for the loaded TeX Live
       Perl modules are shown, too.


       Gives this help information (same as "--help").

       Gives version information (same as "--version").

       If "-v" has been given the revisions of the used modules are reported, too.

   backup [--clean[=N]] [--backupdir dir] [--all | pkg]...
       If the "--clean" option is not specified, this action makes a backup of the given
       packages, or all packages given "--all". These backups are saved to the value of the
       "--backupdir" option, if that is an existing and writable directory. If "--backupdir" is
       not given, the "backupdir" option setting in the TLPDB is used, if present.  If both are
       missing, no backups are made.

       If the "--clean" option is specified, backups are pruned (removed) instead of saved. The
       optional integer value N may be specified to set the number of backups that will be
       retained when cleaning. If "N" is not given, the value of the "autobackup" option is used.
       If both are missing, an error is issued. For more details of backup pruning, see the
       "option" action.


       --backupdir directory
           Overrides the "backupdir" option setting in the TLPDB.  The directory argument is
           required and must specify an existing, writable directory where backups are to be

           If "--clean" is not specified, make a backup of all packages in the TeX Live
           installation; this will take quite a lot of space and time.  If "--clean" is
           specified, all packages are pruned.

           Instead of making backups, prune the backup directory of old backups, as explained
           above. The optional integer argument N overrides the "autobackup" option set in the
           TLPDB.  You must use "--all" or a list of packages together with this option, as

           Nothing is actually backed up or removed; instead, the actions to be performed are
           written to the terminal.

       candidates pkg
           Shows the available candidate repositories for package pkg.  See "MULTIPLE
           REPOSITORIES" below.

   check [option]... [files|depends|executes|runfiles|all]
       Executes one (or all) check(s) on the consistency of the installation.

           Checks that all files listed in the local TLPDB ("texlive.tlpdb") are actually
           present, and lists those missing.

           Lists those packages which occur as dependencies in an installed collections, but are
           themselves not installed, and those packages that are not contained in any collection.

           If you call "tlmgr check collections" this test will be carried out instead since
           former versions for "tlmgr" called it that way.

           Check that the files referred to by "execute" directives in the TeX Live Database are

           List those filenames that are occurring more than one time in the runfiles.


           Use the output of "svn status" instead of listing the files; for checking the TL
           development repository.

   conf [texmf|tlmgr [key [value]]]
       With only "conf", show general configuration information for TeX Live, including active
       configuration files, path settings, and more.  This is like the "texconfig conf" call, but
       works on all supported platforms.

       With either "conf texmf" or "conf tlmgr" given in addition, shows all key/value pairs
       (i.e., all settings) as saved in "ROOT/texmf.cnf" or the tlmgr configuration file (see
       below), respectively.

       If key is given in addition, shows the value of only that given key in the respective

       If value is given in addition, key is set to value in the respective file.  No error
       checking is done!

       Practical application: if the execution of (some or all) system commands via "\write18"
       was left enabled during installation, you can disable it afterwards:

         tlmgr conf texmf shell_escape 0

       Warning: The general facility is here, but tinkering with settings in this way is very
       strongly discouraged.  Again, no error checking is done, so any sort of breakage is

   dump-tlpdb [--local|--remote]
       Dump complete local or remote TLPDB to standard output, as-is.  The output is analogous to
       the "--machine-readable" output; see "MACHINE-READABLE OUTPUT" section.


           Dump the local tlpdb.

           Dump the remote tlpdb.

       Exactly one of "--local" and "--remote" must be given.

       In either case, the first line of the output specifies the repository location, in this

         "location-url" "\t" location

       where "location-url" is the literal field name, followed by a tab, and location is the
       file or url to the repository.

       Line endings may be either LF or CRLF depending on the current platform.

   generate [option]... what
       generate language
       generate language.dat
       generate language.def
       generate language.dat.lua
       generate fmtutil

       The "generate" action overwrites any manual changes made in the respective files: it
       recreates them from scratch based on the information of the installed packages, plus local
       adaptions.  The TeX Live installer and "tlmgr" routinely call "generate" for all of these

       For managing your own fonts, please read the "updmap --help" information and/or

       In more detail: "generate" remakes any of the configuration files "language.dat",
       "language.def", "language.dat.lua", and "fmtutil.cnf", from the information present in the
       local TLPDB, plus locally-maintained files.

       The locally-maintained files are "language-local.dat", "language-local.def",
       "language-local.dat.lua", or "fmtutil-local.cnf", searched for in "TEXMFLOCAL" in the
       respective directories.  If local additions are present, the final file is made by
       starting with the main file, omitting any entries that the local file specifies to be
       disabled, and finally appending the local file.

       (Historical note: The formerly supported "updmap-local.cfg" is no longer read, since
       "updmap" now supports multiple "updmap.cfg" files.  Thus, local additions can and should
       be put into an "updmap.cfg" file in "TEXMFLOCAL".  The "generate updmap" action no longer

       Local files specify entries to be disabled with a comment line, namely one of these:


       where "fmtutil.cnf" uses "#", "language.dat" and "language.def" use "%", and
       "language.dat.lua" use "--".  In all cases, the name is the respective format name or
       hyphenation pattern identifier.  Examples:


       (Of course, you're not likely to actually want to disable those particular items.  They're
       just examples.)

       After such a disabling line, the local file can include another entry for the same item,
       if a different definition is desired.  In general, except for the special disabling lines,
       the local files follow the same syntax as the master files.

       The form "generate language" recreates all three files "language.dat", "language.def", and
       "language.dat.lua", while the forms with an extension recreates only that given language


       --dest output_file
           specifies the output file (defaults to the respective location in "TEXMFSYSVAR").  If
           "--dest" is given to "generate language", it serves as a basename onto which ".dat"
           will be appended for the name of the "language.dat" output file, ".def" will be
           appended to the value for the name of the "language.def" output file, and ".dat.lua"
           to the name of the "language.dat.lua" file.  (This is just to avoid overwriting; if
           you want a specific name for each output file, we recommend invoking "tlmgr" twice.)

       --localcfg local_conf_file
           specifies the (optional) local additions (defaults to the respective location in

           tells tlmgr to run necessary programs after config files have been regenerated. These
           are: "fmtutil-sys --all" after "generate fmtutil", "fmtutil-sys --byhyphen
           .../language.dat" after "generate language.dat", and "fmtutil-sys --byhyphen
           .../language.def" after "generate language.def".

           These subsequent calls cause the newly-generated files to actually take effect.  This
           is not done by default since those calls are lengthy processes and one might want to
           made several related changes in succession before invoking these programs.

       The respective locations are as follows:

         tex/generic/config/language.dat (and language-local.dat);
         tex/generic/config/language.def (and language-local.def);
         tex/generic/config/language.dat.lua (and language-local.dat.lua);
         web2c/fmtutil.cnf (and fmtutil-local.cnf);

       Start the graphical user interface. See GUI below.

   info [option...] [collections|schemes|pkg...]
       With no argument, lists all packages available at the package repository, prefixing those
       already installed with "i".

       With the single word "collections" or "schemes" as the argument, lists the request type
       instead of all packages.

       With any other arguments, display information about pkg: the name, category, short and
       long description, installation status, and TeX Live revision number.  If pkg is not
       locally installed, searches in the remote installation source.

       It also displays information taken from the TeX Catalogue, namely the package version,
       date, and license.  Consider these, especially the package version, as approximations
       only, due to timing skew of the updates of the different pieces.  By contrast, the
       "revision" value comes directly from TL and is reliable.

       The former actions "show" and "list" are merged into this action, but are still supported
       for backward compatibility.


           If the option "--list" is given with a package, the list of contained files is also
           shown, including those for platform-specific dependencies.  When given with schemes
           and collections, "--list" outputs their dependencies in a similar way.

           If this options is given,  the installation source will not be used; only locally
           installed packages, collections, or schemes are listed.  (Does not work for listing of
           packages for now)

           In addition to the normal data displayed, also display information for given packages
           from the corresponding taxonomy (or all of them).  See "TAXONOMIES" below for details.

       Sets up a texmf tree for so-called user mode management, either the default user tree
       ("TEXMFHOME"), or one specified on the command line with "--usertree".  See "USER MODE"

   install [option]... pkg...
       Install each pkg given on the command line. By default this installs all packages on which
       the given pkgs are dependent, also.  Options:

           Instead of fetching a package from the installation repository, use the package files
           given on the command line.  These files must be standard TeX Live package files (with
           contained tlpobj file).

           Reinstall a package (including dependencies for collections) even if it already seems
           to be installed (i.e, is present in the TLPDB).  This is useful to recover from
           accidental removal of files in the hierarchy.

           When re-installing, only dependencies on normal packages are followed (i.e., not those
           of category Scheme or Collection).

           Do not install dependencies.  (By default, installing a package ensures that all
           dependencies of this package are fulfilled.)

           Normally, when you install a package which ships binary files the respective binary
           package will also be installed.  That is, for a package "foo", the package
           "foo.i386-linux" will also be installed on an "i386-linux" system.  This option
           suppresses this behavior, and also implies "--no-depends".  Don't use it unless you
           are sure of what you are doing.

           Nothing is actually installed; instead, the actions to be performed are written to the

           If updates to "tlmgr" itself (or other parts of the basic infrastructure) are present,
           "tlmgr" will bail out and not perform the installation unless this option is given.
           Not recommended.

       option [show]
       option showall
       option key [value]

       The first form shows the global TeX Live settings currently saved in the TLPDB with a
       short description and the "key" used for changing it in parentheses.

       The second form is similar, but also shows options which can be defined but are not
       currently set to any value.

       In the third form, if value is not given, the setting for key is displayed.  If value is
       present, key is set to value.

       Possible values for key are (run "tlmgr option showall" for the definitive list):

        repository (default package repository),
        formats    (create formats at installation time),
        postcode   (run postinst code blobs)
        docfiles   (install documentation files),
        srcfiles   (install source files),
        backupdir  (default directory for backups),
        autobackup (number of backups to keep).
        sys_bin    (directory to which executables are linked by the path action)
        sys_man    (directory to which man pages are linked by the path action)
        sys_info   (directory to which Info files are linked by the path action)
        desktop_integration (Windows-only: create Start menu shortcuts)
        fileassocs (Windows-only: change file associations)
        multiuser  (Windows-only: install for all users)

       One common use of "option" is to permanently change the installation to get further
       updates from the Internet, after originally installing from DVD.  To do this, you can run

        tlmgr option repository

       The "install-tl" documentation has more information about the possible values for
       "repository".  (For backward compatibility, "location" can be used as alternative name for

       If "formats" is set (this is the default), then formats are regenerated when either the
       engine or the format files have changed.  Disable this only when you know what you are

       The "postcode" option controls execution of per-package postinstallation action code.  It
       is set by default, and again disabling is not likely to be of interest except perhaps to

       The "docfiles" and "srcfiles" options control the installation of their respective files
       of a package. By default both are enabled (1).  This can be disabled (set to 0) if disk
       space is (very) limited.

       The options "autobackup" and "backupdir" determine the defaults for the actions "update",
       "backup" and "restore".  These three actions need a directory in which to read or write
       the backups.  If "--backupdir" is not specified on the command line, the "backupdir"
       option value is used (if set).

       The "autobackup" option (de)activates automatic generation of backups.  Its value is an
       integer.  If the "autobackup" value is "-1", no backups are removed.  If "autobackup" is 0
       or more, it specifies the number of backups to keep.  Thus, backups are disabled if the
       value is 0.  In the "--clean" mode of the "backup" action this option also specifies the
       number to be kept.

       To setup "autobackup" to "-1" on the command line, use either:

         tlmgr option autobackup infty


         tlmgr option -- autobackup -1

       The "--" avoids having the "-1" treated as an option.  ("--" stops parsing for options at
       the point where it appears; this is a general feature across most Unix programs.)

       The "sys_bin", "sys_man", and "sys_info" options are used on Unix-like systems to control
       the generation of links for executables, info files and man pages. See the "path" action
       for details.

       The last three options control behaviour on Windows installations.  If
       "desktop_integration" is set, then some packages will install items in a sub-folder of the
       Start menu for "tlmgr gui", documentation, etc.  If "fileassocs" is set, Windows file
       associations are made (see also the "postaction" action).  Finally, if "multiuser" is set,
       then adaptions to the registry and the menus are done for all users on the system instead
       of only the current user.  All three options are on by default.

       paper [a4|letter]
       [xdvi|pdftex|dvips|dvipdfmx|dvipdfm|context] paper [papersize|--list]

       With no arguments ("tlmgr paper"), shows the default paper size setting for all known

       With one argument (e.g., "tlmgr paper a4"), sets the default for all known programs to
       that paper size.

       With a program given as the first argument and no paper size specified (e.g., "tlmgr dvips
       paper"), shows the default paper size for that program.

       With a program given as the first argument and a paper size as the last argument (e.g.,
       "tlmgr dvips paper a4"), set the default for that program to that paper size.

       With a program given as the first argument and "--list" given as the last argument (e.g.,
       "tlmgr dvips paper --list"), shows all valid paper sizes for that program.  The first size
       shown is the default.

       Incidentally, this syntax of having a specific program name before the "paper" keyword may
       seem strange.  It is inherited from the longstanding "texconfig" script, which supports
       other configuration settings for some programs, notably "dvips".  "tlmgr" does not support
       those extra settings at present.

   path [--w32mode=user|admin] [add|remove]
       On Unix, merely adds or removes symlinks for binaries, man pages, and info pages in the
       system directories specified by the respective options (see the "option" description
       above).  Does not change any initialization files, either system or personal.

       On Windows, the registry part where the binary directory is added or removed is determined
       in the following way:

       If the user has admin rights, and the option "--w32mode" is not given, the setting
       w32_multi_user determines the location (i.e., if it is on then the system path, otherwise
       the user path is changed).

       If the user has admin rights, and the option "--w32mode" is given, this option determines
       the path to be adjusted.

       If the user does not have admin rights, and the option "--w32mode" is not given, and the
       setting w32_multi_user is off, the user path is changed, while if the setting
       w32_multi_user is on, a warning is issued that the caller does not have enough privileges.

       If the user does not have admin rights, and the option "--w32mode" is given, it must be
       user and the user path will be adjusted. If a user without admin rights uses the option
       "--w32mode admin" a warning is issued that the caller does not have enough privileges.

       The "pinning" action manages the pinning file, see "Pinning" below.

       "pinning show"
           Shows the current pinning data.

       "pinning add" repo pkgglob...
           Pins the packages matching the pkgglob(s) to the repository repo.

       "pinning remove" repo pkgglob...
           Any packages recorded in the pinning file matching the <pkgglob>s for the given
           repository repo are removed.

       "pinning remove repo --all"
           Remove all pinning data for repository repo.

   platform list|add|remove platform...
   platform set platform
   platform set auto
       "platform list" lists the TeX Live names of all the platforms (a.k.a. architectures),
       ("i386-linux", ...) available at the package repository.

       "platform add" platform... adds the executables for each given platform platform to the
       installation from the repository.

       "platform remove" platform... removes the executables for each given platform platform
       from the installation, but keeps the currently running platform in any case.

       "platform set" platform switches TeX Live to always use the given platform instead of auto

       "platform set auto" switches TeX Live to auto detection mode for platform.

       Platform detection is needed to select the proper "xz", "xzdec" and "wget" binaries that
       are shipped with TeX Live.

       "arch" is a synonym for "platform".


           Nothing is actually installed; instead, the actions to be performed are written to the

   postaction [--w32mode=user|admin] [--fileassocmode=1|2] [--all] [install|remove]
       [shortcut|fileassoc|script] [pkg]...
       Carry out the postaction "shortcut", "fileassoc", or "script" given as the second required
       argument in install or remove mode (which is the first required argument), for either the
       packages given on the command line, or for all if "--all" is given.

       If the option "--w32mode" is given the value "user", all actions will only be carried out
       in the user-accessible parts of the registry/filesystem, while the value "admin" selects
       the system-wide parts of the registry for the file associations.  If you do not have
       enough permissions, using "--w32mode=admin" will not succeed.

       "--fileassocmode" specifies the action for file associations.  If it is set to 1 (the
       default), only new associations are added; if it is set to 2, all associations are set to
       the TeX Live programs.  (See also "option fileassocs".)

       Print the TeX Live identifier for the detected platform (hardware/operating system)
       combination to standard output, and exit.  "--print-arch" is a synonym.

   restore [--backupdir dir] [--all | pkg [rev]]
       Restore a package from a previously-made backup.

       If "--all" is given, try to restore the latest revision of all package backups found in
       the backup directory.

       Otherwise, if neither pkg nor rev are given, list the available backup revisions for all

       With pkg given but no rev, list all available backup revisions of pkg.

       When listing available packages tlmgr shows the revision and in parenthesis the creation
       time if available (in format yyyy-mm-dd hh:mm).

       With both pkg and rev, tries to restore the package from the specified backup.


           Try to restore the latest revision of all package backups found in the backup
           directory. Additional non-option arguments (like pkg) are not allowed.

       --backupdir directory
           Specify the directory where the backups are to be found. If not given it will be taken
           from the configuration setting in the TLPDB.

           Nothing is actually restored; instead, the actions to be performed are written to the

           Don't ask questions.

   remove [option]... pkg...
       Remove each pkg specified.  Removing a collection removes all package dependencies (unless
       "--no-depends" is specified), but not any collection dependencies of that collection.
       However, when removing a package, dependencies are never removed.  Options:

           Do not remove dependent packages.

           See above under install (and beware).

           By default, removal of a package or collection that is a dependency of another
           collection or scheme is not allowed.  With this option, the package will be removed
           unconditionally.  Use with care.

           A package that has been removed using the "--force" option because it is still listed
           in an installed collection or scheme will not be updated, and will be mentioned as
           forcibly removed in the output of tlmgr update --list.

           Nothing is actually removed; instead, the actions to be performed are written to the

       repository list
       repository list path|tag
       repository add path [tag]
       repository remove path|tag
       repository set path[#tag] [path[#tag] ...]
           This action manages the list of repositories.  See "MULTIPLE REPOSITORIES" below for
           detailed explanations.

           The first form ("list") lists all configured repositories and the respective tags if
           set. If a path, url, or tag is given after the "list" keyword, it is interpreted as
           source from where to initialize a TeX Live Database and lists the contained packages.
           This can also be an up-to-now not used repository, both locally and remote. If one
           pass in addition "--with-platforms", for each package the available platforms (if any)
           are listed, too.

           The third form ("add") adds a repository (optionally attaching a tag) to the list of
           repositories.  The forth form ("remove") removes a repository, either by full
           path/url, or by tag.  The last form ("set") sets the list of repositories to the items
           given on the command line, not keeping previous settings

           In all cases, one of the repositories must be tagged as "main"; otherwise, all
           operations will fail!

   search [option...] what
       search [option...] --file what

       search [option...] --taxonomy what

       search [option...] --keyword what

       search [option...] --functionality what

       search [option...] --characterization what

       search [option...] --all what

       By default, search the names, short descriptions, and long descriptions of all locally
       installed packages for the argument what, interpreted as a regular expression.


           Search the TeX Live Database of the installation medium, instead of the local

           Restrict the search to match only full words. For example, searching for "table" with
           this option will not output packages containing the word "tables" (unless they also
           contain the word "table" on its own).

           If a search for any (or all) taxonomies is done, by specifying one of the taxonomy
           options below, then instead of searching for packages, list the entire corresponding
           taxonomy (or all of them).  See "TAXONOMIES" below.

       Other search options are selected by specifying one of the following:

           List all filenames containing what.

           Search in the corresponding taxonomy (or all) instead of the package descriptions.
           See "TAXONOMIES" below.

           Search for package names, descriptions, and taxonomies, but not files.

       Uninstalls the entire TeX Live installation.  Options:

           Do not ask for confirmation, remove immediately.

   update [option]... [pkg]...
       Updates the packages given as arguments to the latest version available at the
       installation source.  Either "--all" or at least one pkg name must be specified.  Options:

           Update all installed packages except for "tlmgr" itself.  Thus, if updates to "tlmgr"
           itself are present, this will simply give an error, unless also the option "--force"
           or "--self" is given.  (See below.)

           In addition to updating the installed packages, during the update of a collection the
           local installation is (by default) synchronized to the status of the collection on the
           server, for both additions and removals.

           This means that if a package has been removed on the server (and thus has also been
           removed from the respective collection), "tlmgr" will remove the package in the local
           installation.  This is called ``auto-remove'' and is announced as such when using the
           option "--list".  This auto-removal can be suppressed using the option
           "--no-auto-remove" (not recommended, see option description).

           Analogously, if a package has been added to a collection on the server that is also
           installed locally, it will be added to the local installation.  This is called
           ``auto-install'' and is announced as such when using the option "--list".  This auto-
           installation can be suppressed using the option "--no-auto-install".

           An exception to the collection dependency checks (including the auto-installation of
           packages just mentioned) are those that have been ``forcibly removed'' by you, that
           is, you called "tlmgr remove --force" on them.  (See the "remove" action
           documentation.)  To reinstall any such forcibly removed packages use

           If you want to exclude some packages from the current update run (e.g., due to a slow
           link), see the "--exclude" option below.

           Update "tlmgr" itself (that is, the infrastructure packages) if updates to it are
           present. On Windows this includes updates to the private Perl interpreter shipped
           inside TeX Live.

           If this option is given together with either "--all" or a list of packages, then
           "tlmgr" will be updated first and, if this update succeeds, the new version will be
           restarted to complete the rest of the updates.

           In short:

             tlmgr update --self        # update infrastructure only
             tlmgr update --self --all  # update infrastructure and all packages
             tlmgr update --force --all # update all packages but *not* infrastructure
                                        # ... this last at your own risk, not recommended!

           Nothing is actually installed; instead, the actions to be performed are written to the
           terminal.  This is a more detailed report than "--list".

       --list [pkg]
           Concisely list the packages which would be updated, newly installed, or removed,
           without actually changing anything.  If "--all" is also given, all available updates
           are listed.  If "--self" is given, but not "--all", only updates to the critical
           packages (tlmgr, texlive infrastructure, perl on Windows, etc.)  are listed.  If
           neither "--all" nor "--self" is given, and in addition no pkg is given, then "--all"
           is assumed (thus, "tlmgr update --list" is the same as "tlmgr update --list --all").
           If neither "--all" nor "--self" is given, but specific package names are given, those
           packages are checked for updates.

       --exclude pkg
           Exclude pkg from the update process.  If this option is given more than once, its
           arguments accumulate.

           An argument pkg excludes both the package pkg itself and all its related platform-
           specific packages pkg.ARCH.  For example,

             tlmgr update --all --exclude a2ping

           will not update "a2ping", "a2ping.i386-linux", or any other "a2ping."ARCH package.

           If this option specifies a package that would otherwise be a candidate for auto-
           installation, auto-removal, or reinstallation of a forcibly removed package, "tlmgr"
           quits with an error message.  Excludes are not supported in these circumstances.

       --no-auto-remove [pkg]...
           By default, "tlmgr" tries to remove packages which have disappeared on the server, as
           described above under "--all".  This option prevents such removals, either for all
           packages (with "--all"), or for just the given pkg names.  This can lead to an
           inconsistent TeX installation, since packages are not infrequently renamed or replaced
           by their authors.  Therefore this is not recommend.

       --no-auto-install [pkg]...
           Under normal circumstances "tlmgr" will install packages which are new on the server,
           as described above under "--all".  This option prevents any such automatic
           installation, either for all packages (with "--all"), or the given pkg names.

           Furthermore, after the "tlmgr" run using this has finished, the packages that would
           have been auto-installed will be considered as forcibly removed.  So, if "foobar" is
           the only new package on the server, then

             tlmgr update --all --no-auto-install

           is equivalent to

             tlmgr update --all
             tlmgr remove --force foobar

           Under normal circumstances "tlmgr" will not install packages that have been forcibly
           removed by the user; that is, removed with "remove --force", or whose installation was
           prohibited by "--no-auto-install" during an earlier update.

           This option makes "tlmgr" ignore the forcible removals and re-install all such
           packages. This can be used to completely synchronize an installation with the server's
           idea of what is available:

             tlmgr update --reinstall-forcibly-removed --all

       --backup and --backupdir directory
           These two options control the creation of backups of packages before updating; that
           is, backup of packages as currently installed.  If neither of these options are given,
           no backup package will be saved. If "--backupdir" is given and specifies a writable
           directory then a backup will be made in that location. If only "--backup" is given,
           then a backup will be made to the directory previously set via the "option" action
           (see below). If both are given then a backup will be made to the specified directory.

           You can set options via the "option" action to automatically create backups for all
           packages, and/or keep only a certain number of backups.  Please see the "option"
           action for details.

           "tlmgr" always makes a temporary backup when updating packages, in case of download or
           other failure during an update.  In contrast, the purpose of this "--backup" option is
           to allow you to save a persistent backup in case the actual content of the update
           causes problems, e.g., introduces an incompatibility.

           The "restore" action explains how to restore from a backup.

           If you call for updating a package normally all depending packages will also be
           checked for updates and updated if necessary. This switch suppresses this behavior.

           See above under install (and beware).

           Force update of normal packages, without updating "tlmgr" itself (unless the "--self"
           option is also given).  Not recommended.

           Also, "update --list" is still performed regardless of this option.

       If the package on the server is older than the package already installed (e.g., if the
       selected mirror is out of date), "tlmgr" does not downgrade.  Also, packages for
       uninstalled platforms are not installed.


       WARNING: This is new work in TL 2013.  Expect breakage, and the need to reinstall your
       user tree.

       "tlmgr" provides a restricted way, called ``user mode'', to manage arbitrary texmf trees
       in the same way as the main installation.  For example, this allows people without write
       permissions on the installation location to update/install packages into a tree of their

       "tlmgr" is switched into user mode with the command line option "--usermode".  It does not
       switch automatically, nor is there any configuration file setting for it.  Thus, this
       option has to be explicitly given every time user mode is to be activated.

       This mode of "tlmgr" works on a user tree, by default the value of the "TEXMFHOME"
       variable.  This can be overridden with the command line option "--usertree".  In the
       following when we speak of the user tree we mean either "TEXMFHOME" or the one given on
       the command line.

       Not all actions are allowed in user mode; "tlmgr" will warn you and not carry out any
       problematic actions.  Currently not supported (and probably will never be) is the
       "platform" action.  The "gui" action is currently not supported, but may be in a future

       Some "tlmgr" actions don't need any write permissions and thus work the same in user mode
       and normal mode.  Currently these are: "check", "help", "list", "print-platform",
       "search", "show", "version".

       On the other hand, most of the actions dealing with package management do need write
       permissions, and thus behave differently in user mode, as described below: "install",
       "update", "remove", "option", "paper", "generate", "backup", "restore", "uninstall",

       Before using "tlmgr" in user mode, you have to set up the user tree with the
       "init-usertree" action.  This creates usertree"/web2c" and usertree"/tlpkg/tlpobj", and a
       minimal usertree"/tlpkg/texlive.tlpdb".  At that point, you can tell "tlmgr" to do the
       (supported) actions by adding the "--usermode" command line option.

       In user mode the file usertree"/tlpkg/texlive.tlpdb" contains only the packages that have
       been installed into the user tree using "tlmgr", plus additional options from the
       ``virtual'' package "00texlive.installation" (similar to the main installation's

       All actions on packages in user mode can only be carried out on packages that are known as
       "relocatable".  This excludes all packages containing executables and a few other core
       packages.  Of the 2500 or so packages currently in TeX Live the vast majority are
       relocatable and can be installed into a user tree.

       Description of changes of actions in user mode:


       In user mode, the "install" action checks that the package and all dependencies are all
       either relocated or already installed in the system installation.  If this is the case, it
       unpacks all containers to be installed into the user tree (to repeat, that's either
       "TEXMFHOME" or the value of "--usertree") and add the respective packages to the user
       tree's "texlive.tlpdb" (creating it if need be).

       Currently installing a collection in user mode installs all dependent packages, but in
       contrast to normal mode, does not install dependent collections.  For example, in normal
       mode "tlmgr install collection-context" would install "collection-basic" and other
       collections, while in user mode, only the packages mentioned in "collection-context" are

   backup, restore, remove, update
       In user mode, these actions check that all packages to be acted on are installed in the
       user tree before proceeding; otherwise, they behave just as in normal mode.

   generate, option, paper
       In user mode, these actions operate only on the user tree's configuration files and/or
       "texlive.tlpdb".  creates configuration files in user tree

       WARNING repeated: this is still has to be considered experimental!  Please report bugs to
       "" as usual


       A small subset of the command line options can be set in a config file for "tlmgr" which
       resides in "TEXMFCONFIG/tlmgr/config".  By default, the config file is in
       "~/.texliveYYYY/texmf-config/tlmgr/config" (replacing "YYYY" with the year of your TeX
       Live installation). This is not "TEXMFSYSVAR", so that the file is specific to a single

       In this file, empty lines and lines starting with # are ignored.  All other lines must
       look like

         key = value

       where the allowed keys are "gui-expertmode" (value 0 or 1), "persistent-downloads" (value
       0 or 1), "auto-remove" (value 0 or 1), and "gui-lang" (value like in the command line

       "persistent-downloads", "gui-lang", and "auto-remove" correspond to the respective command
       line options of the same name.  "gui-expertmode" switches between the full GUI and a
       simplified GUI with only the important and mostly used settings.


       tlmgr allows searching and listing of various categorizations, which we call taxonomies,
       as provided by an enhanced TeX Catalogue (available for testing at <>).
       This is useful when, for example, you don't know a specific package name but have an idea
       of the functionality you need; or when you want to see all packages relating to a given

       There are three different taxonomies, specified by the following options:

           The keywords, as specified at <>.

           The ``by-topic'' categorization created by J\"urgen Fenn, as specified at

           Both the primary and secondary functionalities, as specified at

           Operate on all the taxonomies.

       The taxonomies are updated nightly and stored within TeX Live, so Internet access is not
       required to search them.


         tlmgr search --taxonomy exercise      # check all taxonomies for "exercise"
         tlmgr search --taxonomy --word table  # check for "table" on its own
         tlmgr search --list --keyword         # dump entire keyword taxonomy
         tlmgr show --taxonomy pdftex          # show pdftex package information,
                                               #   including all taxonomy entries


       The main TeX Live repository contains a vast array of packages.  Nevertheless, additional
       local repositories can be useful to provide locally-installed resources, such as
       proprietary fonts and house styles.  Also, alternative package repositories distribute
       packages that cannot or should not be included in TeX Live, for whatever reason.

       The simplest and most reliable method is to temporarily set the installation source to any
       repository (with the "-repository" or "option repository" command line options), and
       perform your operations.

       When you are using multiple repositories over a sustained time, however, explicitly
       switching between them becomes inconvenient.  Thus, it's possible to tell "tlmgr" about
       additional repositories you want to use.  The basic command is "tlmgr repository add".
       The rest of this section explains further.

       When using multiple repositories, one of them has to be set as the main repository, which
       distributes most of the installed packages.  When you switch from a single repository
       installation to a multiple repository installation, the previous sole repository will be
       set as the main repository.

       By default, even if multiple repositories are configured, packages are still only
       installed from the main repository.  Thus, simply adding a second repository does not
       actually enable installation of anything from there.  You also have to specify which
       packages should be taken from the new repository, by specifying so-called ``pinning''
       rules, described next.

       When a package "foo" is pinned to a repository, a package "foo" in any other repository,
       even if it has a higher revision number, will not be considered an installable candidate.

       As mentioned above, by default everything is pinned to the main repository.  Let's now go
       through an example of setting up a second repository and enabling updates of a package
       from it.

       First, check that we have support for multiple repositories, and have only one enabled (as
       is the case by default):

        $ tlmgr repository list
        List of repositories (with tags if set):

       Ok.  Let's add the "tlcontrib" repository (this is a real repository, hosted at
       <>, maintained by Taco Hoekwater et al.), with the tag

        $ tlmgr repository add tlcontrib

       Check the repository list again:

        $ tlmgr repository list
        List of repositories (with tags if set):
           /var/www/norbert/tlnet (main)

       Now we specify a pinning entry to get the package "context" from "tlcontrib":

        $ tlmgr pinning add tlcontrib context

       Check that we can find "context":

        $ tlmgr show context
        tlmgr: package repositories:
        package:     context
        repository:  tlcontrib/26867

       - install "context":

        $ tlmgr install context
        tlmgr: package repositories:
        [1/1,  ??:??/??:??] install: context @tlcontrib [

       In the output here you can see that the "context" package has been installed from the
       "tlcontrib" repository (@tlcontrib).

       Finally, "tlmgr pinning" also supports removing certain or all packages from a given

         $ tlmgr pinning remove tlcontrib context  # remove just context
         $ tlmgr pinning remove tlcontrib --all    # take nothing from tlcontrib

       A summary of the "tlmgr pinning" actions is given above.


       The graphical user interface for "tlmgr" needs Perl/Tk to be installed.  For Windows the
       necessary modules are shipped within TeX Live, for all other (i.e., Unix-based) systems
       Perl/Tk (as well as Perl of course) has to be installed.
       <> has a list of invocations for some distros.

       When started with "tlmgr gui" the graphical user interface will be shown.  The main window
       contains a menu bar, the main display, and a status area where messages normally shown on
       the console are displayed.

       Within the main display there are three main parts: the "Display configuration" area, the
       list of packages, and the action buttons.

       Also, at the top right the currently loaded repository is shown; this also acts as a
       button and when clicked will try to load the default repository.  To load a different
       repository, see the "tlmgr" menu item.

       Finally, the status area at the bottom of the window gives additional information about
       what is going on.

   Main display
       Display configuration area

       The first part of the main display allows you to specify (filter) which packages are
       shown.  By default, all are shown.  Changes here are reflected right away.

           Select whether to show all packages (the default), only those installed, only those
           not installed, or only those with update available.

           Select which categories are shown: packages, collections, and/or schemes.  These are
           briefly explained in the "DESCRIPTION" section above.

           Select packages matching for a specific pattern.  By default, this uses the same
           algorithm as "tlmgr search", i.e., searches everything: descriptions, taxonomies,
           and/or filenames.  You can also select any subset for searching.

           Select packages to those selected, those not selected, or all.  Here, ``selected''
           means that the checkbox in the beginning of the line of a package is ticked.

       Display configuration buttons
           To the right there are three buttons: select all packages, select none (a.k.a.
           deselect all), and reset all these filters to the defaults, i.e., show all available.

       Package list area

       The second are of the main display lists all installed packages.  If a repository is
       loaded, those that are available but not installed are also listed.

       Double clicking on a package line pops up an informational window with further details:
       the long description, included files, etc.

       Each line of the package list consists of the following items:

       a checkbox
           Used to select particular packages; some of the action buttons (see below) work only
           on the selected packages.

       package name
           The name (identifier) of the package as given in the database.

       local revision (and version)
           If the package is installed the TeX Live revision number for the installed package
           will be shown.  If there is a catalogue version given in the database for this
           package, it will be shown in parentheses.  However, the catalogue version, unlike the
           TL revision, is not guaranteed to reflect what is actually installed.

       remote revision (and version)
           If a repository has been loaded the revision of the package in the repository (if
           present) is shown.  As with the local column, if a catalogue version is provided it
           will be displayed.  And also as with the local column, the catalogue version may be

       short description
           The short description of the package.

       Main display action buttons

       Below the list of packages are several buttons:

       Update all installed
           This calls "tlmgr update --all", i.e., tries to update all available packages.  Below
           this button is a toggle to allow reinstallation of previously removed packages as part
           of this action.

           The other four buttons only work on the selected packages, i.e., those where the
           checkbox at the beginning of the package line is ticked.

           Update only the selected packages.

           Install the selected packages; acts like "tlmgr install", i.e., also installs
           dependencies.  Thus, installing a collection installs all its constituent packages.

           Removes the selected packages; acts like "tlmgr remove", i.e., it will also remove
           dependencies of collections (but not dependencies of normal packages).

           Makes a backup of the selected packages; acts like "tlmgr backup". This action needs
           the option "backupdir" set (see "Options -" General>).

   Menu bar
       The following entries can be found in the menu bar:

       "tlmgr" menu
           The items here load various repositories: the default as specified in the TeX Live
           database, the default network repository, the repository specified on the command line
           (if any), and an arbitrarily manually-entered one.  Also has the so-necessary "quit"

       "Options menu"
           Provides access to several groups of options: "Paper" (configuration of default paper
           sizes), "Platforms" (only on Unix, configuration of the supported/installed
           platforms), "GUI Language" (select language used in the GUI interface), and "General"
           (everything else).

           Several toggles are also here.  The first is "Expert options", which is set by
           default.  If you turn this off, the next time you start the GUI a simplified screen
           will be shown that display only the most important functionality.  This setting is
           saved in the configuration file of "tlmgr"; see "CONFIGURATION FILE" for details.

           The other toggles are all off by default: for debugging output, to disable the
           automatic installation of new packages, and to disable the automatic removal of
           packages deleted from the server.  Playing with the choices of what is or isn't
           installed may lead to an inconsistent TeX Live installation; e.g., when a package is

       "Actions menu"
           Provides access to several actions: update the filename database (aka "ls-R",
           "mktexlsr", "texhash"), rebuild all formats ("fmtutil-sys --all"), update the font map
           database ("updmap-sys"), restore from a backup of a package, and use of symbolic links
           in system directories (not on Windows).

           The final action is to remove the entire TeX Live installation (also not on Windows).

       "Help menu"
           Provides access to the TeX Live manual (also on the web at
           <>) and the usual ``About'' box.


       With the "--machine-readable" option, "tlmgr" writes to stdout in the fixed line-oriented
       format described here, and the usual informational messages for human consumption are
       written to stderr (normally they are written to stdout).  The idea is that a program can
       get all the information it needs by reading stdout.

       Currently this option only applies to the update, the install, and the "option" actions.

       update, install

       The output format is as follows:

         fieldname "\t" value
         pkgname status localrev serverrev size runtime esttot
         other output from post actions, not in machine readable form

       The header section currently has two fields: "location-url" (the repository source from
       which updates are being drawn), and "total-bytes" (the total number of bytes to be

       The localrev and serverrev fields for each package are the revision numbers in the local
       installation and server repository, respectively.  The size field is the number of bytes
       to be downloaded, i.e., the size of the compressed tar file for a network installation,
       not the unpacked size. The runtime and esttot fields are only present for updated and
       auto-install packages, and contain the currently passed time since start of
       installation/updates and the estimated total time.

       Line endings may be either LF or CRLF depending on the current platform.

       "location-url" location
           The location may be a url (including "file:///foo/bar/..."), or a directory name
           ("/foo/bar").  It is the package repository from which the new package information was

       "total-bytes" count
           The count is simply a decimal number, the sum of the sizes of all the packages that
           need updating or installing (which are listed subsequently).

       Then comes a line with only the literal string "end-of-header".

       Each following line until a line with literal string "end-of-updates" reports on one
       package.  The fields on each line are separated by a tab.  Here are the fields.

           The TeX Live package identifier, with a possible platform suffix for executables.  For
           instance, "pdftex" and "pdftex.i386-linux" are given as two separate packages, one on
           each line.

           The status of the package update.  One character, as follows:

           "d"     The package was removed on the server.

           "f"     The package was removed in the local installation, even though a collection
                   depended on it.  (E.g., the user ran "tlmgr remove --force".)

           "u"     Normal update is needed.

           "r"     Reversed non-update: the locally-installed version is newer than the version
                   on the server.

           "a"     Automatically-determined need for installation, the package is new on the
                   server and is (most probably) part of an installed collection.

           "i"     Package will be installed and isn't present in the local installation (action

           "I"     Package is already present but will be reinstalled (action install).

           The revision number of the installed package, or "-" if it is not present locally.

           The revision number of the package on the server, or "-" if it is not present on the

           The size in bytes of the package on the server.  The sum of all the package sizes is
           given in the "total-bytes" header field mentioned above.

           The run time since start of installations or updates.

           The estimated total time.


       The output format is as follows:

         key "\t" value

       If a value is not saved in the database the string "(not set)" is shown.

       If you are developing a program that uses this output, and find that changes would be
       helpful, do not hesitate to write the mailing list.


       This script and its documentation were written for the TeX Live distribution
       (<>) and both are licensed under the GNU General Public License
       Version 2 or later.