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v.net.distance - Computes shortest distance via the network between the given sets of features. Finds the shortest paths from a feature 'to' to every feature 'from' and various information about this realtion are uploaded to the attribute table.
vector, network, shortest path
v.net.distance v.net.distance help v.net.distance [-g] input=name output=name [from_layer=integer] [from_cats=range] [from_where=sql_query] [to_layer=integer] [to_cats=range] [to_where=sql_query] [to_type=string[,string,...]] afcolumn=name [abcolumn=name] [--overwrite] [--verbose] [--quiet] Flags: -g Use geodesic calculation for longitude-latitude locations --overwrite Allow output files to overwrite existing files --verbose Verbose module output --quiet Quiet module output Parameters: input=name Name of input vector map output=name Name for output vector map from_layer=integer From layer number or name A single vector map can be connected to multiple database tables. This number determines which table to use. Default: 1 from_cats=range From category values Example: 1,3,7-9,13 from_where=sql_query From WHERE conditions of SQL statement without 'where' keyword Example: income = 10000 to_layer=integer Layer number To layer number or name Default: 1 to_cats=range To category values Example: 1,3,7-9,13 to_where=sql_query To WHERE conditions of SQL statement without 'where' keyword Example: income = 10000 to_type=string[,string,...] To feature type Options: point,line,boundary Default: point afcolumn=name Arc forward/both direction(s) cost column abcolumn=name Arc backward direction cost column
v.net.distance finds the nearest element in set to for every point in set from.
These two sets are given by the respective layer, where and cats parameters. The type of to features is specified by to_type parameter. All from features are points. A table is linked to output map containing various information about the relation. More specifically, the table has three columns: cat, tcat and dist storing category of each from feature, category of the nearest to feature and the distance between them respectively. Furthemore, output map contains the shorest path between each cat, tcat pair. Each path consist of several lines. If a line is on the shorest path from a point then the category of this point is assigned to the line. Note that every line may contain more than one category value since a single line may be on the shortest path for more than one from feature. And so the shortest paths can be easily obtained by querying lines with corresponding category number. The costs of arcs in forward and backward direction are specified by afcolumn and abcolumn columns respectively. If abcolumn is not given, the same cost is used in both directions. v.net.distance will not work if you are trying to find the nearest neighbors within a group of nodes, i.e. where to and from are the same set of nodes, as the closest node will be the node itself and the result will be zero-length paths. In order to find nearest neighbors within a group of nodes, you can either loop through each node as to and all other nodes as from or create a complete distance matrix with v.net.allpairs and select the lowest non-zero distance for each node.
Find shortest path and distance from every school to the nearest hospital and show path from school number one. v.net.distance input=city output=nearest from_where="type=school" \ to_where="type=hospital" afcolumn=SHAPE_LEN d.vect nearest cats=1
v.net.path, v.net.allpairs, v.net.distance, v.net.alloc
Daniel Bundala, Google Summer of Code 2009, Student Wolf Bergenheim, Mentor Last changed: $Date: 2013-05-23 13:01:55 -0700 (Thu, 23 May 2013) $ Full index © 2003-2013 GRASS Development Team