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       Jifty::Manual::ObjectModel -- An overview of the Jifty object model


       Jifty applications are generally built in a similar way. There's no reason you need to use
       the model we've built, but we find it a reasonably OK way to do things.

       This document should serve as a roadmap to the Jifty class library, as well as an
       introduction to the way Jifty applications are put together.

       We start with the classes in your application and move on to the bits of Jifty itself.

       If you create a brand new application, let's call it "MyWeblog", and create one model
       class called "MyWeblog::Post", you'll end up with the following files and directories:



                   #some test files.

       At least that's the scaffolding Jifty creates for you. Behind the scenes, Jifty is
       actually doing a lot more. Rather than create a bunch of little "stub" classes and
       libraries for you, Jifty generates them on the fly. It's always possible to actually
       create these libraries when you need to customize the default behavior, but we work really
       hard to make sure you don't need to.

       Right now, Jifty is automatically creating libraries, static web pages and web templates.

       We're not 100% satisfied with how Jifty automatically creates web templates and static
       pages and are working to redesign that.

       The library you see when creating a Jifty app is:

           "MyWeblog::Model::Post" describes the schema and business logic of your post class. It
           uses two namespaces, "MyWeblog::Model::Post::Schema" that has actual column
           definitions and "MyWeblog::Model::Post" that contains the (optional) business logic,
           access control and so on.

       That's it. But if you look carefully at "MyWeblog::Model::Post", you'll see the line:

           use base qw/MyWeblog::Record/;

       How can that possibly work? There is no "MyWeblog::Record" class in your application. And
       Jifty, while it tries to be a comprehensive framework, draws the line somewhat short of
       including application-specific base classes for every application you might possibly

       The answer lies in Jifty::ClassLoader, a utility module Jifty uses to create the boring
       stuff for you when you need it.

       It'd certainly be possible for Jifty to create every class you might need as a file on
       disk when you first create your application (and indeed we may decide to do so if enough
       people yell at us), but when the stub classes we'd provide are just little shims that
       inherit from or call to the Jifty core, it doesn't make much sense to create them before
       you need them.  You could build a Jifty application without these shims by having your
       model classes inherit directly from Jifty::Record, but then you'll run into trouble the
       second you want to add application-specific code and have to go back and retrofit each and
       every one of your classes to use your new base class. It's a little thing, but one that
       can save you a bunch of pain and suffering later on.

       "MyWeblog::Record" is the first autogenerated class you'll run into but probably not the
       last. A full list of everything Jifty provides for your new application follows:

       You get one each of the these:

           This class is, as discussed above, a thin wrapper around Jifty::Record. You might
           choose to create your own "MyWeblog::Record" if you want to build in custom access
           control by overriding "current_user_can" in Jifty::Record or want to implement methods
           that every model class should have access to.

           We haven't talked much about collections yet, but as their name implies, collections
           are bundles of Jifty::Record objects that match some set of criteria. It's relatively
           uncommon that you'll want to override this, but if you want the rope, it's here.

           "MyWeblog::Notification" is an app-specific implementation of the Jifty::Notification
           email driver. You might want to override this class if you want to set an application-
           specific header or footer for all outgoing email.

           "MyWeblog::Dispatcher" is an application-specific "dispatcher" class that allows you
           to write code that runs when a client makes a request to the server before Jifty runs
           actions or renders templates.  See Jifty::Dispatcher for more information about the

           Most every web application that grows past a personal hack eventually starts to
           provide personalization, require access control or otherwise want to know who's
           currently in the driver's seat. The "current user" for an application is a first-class
           object in Jifty. To get user-based authentication working out of the box, you'll have
           to override the default "MyWeblog::CurrentUser". (Out of the box, it treats everyone
           as the same user.) We're working to generalize the authentication system we've used in
           a few Jifty apps so far to the point where it feels "right" as a core Jifty component,
           but we're not quite there just yet.

           Most of what you'll need to override in "MyWeblog::CurrentUser" is the "_init"
           function, which needs to load up an application-specific model class that represents
           one of your users into its "user_object" accessor.  To make all this work, you'll also
           need an application-specific "MyWeblog::Action::Login" and likely also a passel of
           user-management code.

           (And yes, this is the topic of a future generalization and a future tutorial. At that
           point, a bunch of this documentation will be extracted to Jifty::CurrentUser.)

       But wait! There's more!  You also get one each of these for your default model class:

           It's no fun having a weblog that only shows you one post at a time, is it?  Jifty
           provides you with default Jifty::Collection classes for every Jifty::Record subclass
           in your model.  You get all the standard "limit", "order_by", "columns", paging
           support and so-on out of the box, but sometimes when you're going to be getting
           collections matching certain criteria often, it makes sense to actually create your
           own subclass and start dropping methods in.

       MyWeblog::Action::CreatePost, MyWeblog::Action::UpdatePost, MyWeblog::Action::DeletePost
           One of Jifty's strengths is that it makes it easy to build applications by tying
           application-specific controller functions to your model classes and intuiting what
           parameters they take by having a look inside the models.

           For each class in your model, Jifty creates three actions, "Create","Update" and
           "Delete".  They're named, perhaps a bit unadventureously,
           "MyWeblog::Action::CreatePost", "MyWeblog::Action::UpdatePost",
           "MyWeblog::Action::DeletePost" and inherit directly from
           Jifty::Action::Record::Create, Jifty::Action::Record::Update and
           Jifty::Action::Record::Delete, respectively. Sometimes, it makes sense to override
           these default actions when you want to change the behaviour of one or more of the
           actions.  One common use is to add or remove AJAX validation or autocompletion for an
           argument or to change an argument's default value for webforms.  This, isn't, however
           the place to start inserting business logic or access control. That belongs in your
           model class, which these wrappers will hand things off to. By putting logic in your
           actions, you make your model classes less useful and run into trouble when you want to
           start scripting your model outside a web environment.

       There's no reason you need to stick with these default "implementations" if they're not
       meeting your needs. Just create your own classes and Jifty will use your real classes