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NAME

       Jifty::Manual::Upgrading - How-to change your application database over time

   DESCRIPTION
       Jifty provides a way for you to upgrade the database schema and data of your application
       between versions.  If all you are doing is adding new models or columns to existing models
       Jifty will do the upgrade almost automatically.  If more extensive changes are required
       you need to write some code to tell Jifty what to do.

TERMINOLOGY

       Be sure you know the following terms before reading this document:

       ·   "schema" in Jifty::Manual::Glossary

       ·   "schema version" in Jifty::Manual::Glossary

       ·   "database version" in Jifty::Manual::Glossary

HOW TO

   General Instructions
       For all of these actions, the the database version stored in your Jifty configuration is
       significant. See the value stored in etc/config.yml at:

         framework:
           Database:
             Version: 0.0.1

       Make all your code changes using the version number you are going to use. Once you have
       finished updating your code and are ready to test, bump the version stored in
       etc/config.yml to match the new version you are going to use.

       If you are writing tests as you go (shame on you if you aren't!), you should be able to
       run:

         perl Makefile.PL
         make
         make test

       to test the latest version and check for problems.

       Once you are sure you've worked out the kinds, you may perform the actual upgrade by
       running:

         bin/jifty schema --setup

       This will take care of the work of adding any new columns and models, dropping old
       columns, and running any upgrade scripts you have scheduled.

   Basic column and model operations
       Adding a new model

       Create your model just as you normally would:

         bin/jifty model --name MyModel

       Then, you need to tell Jifty at which version of your application the model was created.
       To do this add a since sub to your new model class.

        sub since { '0.0.5' }

       Adding a new column to an existing model

       When you have an existing model and decide that you need to add another column to it you
       also need to tell Jifty about this.  This is done by using "since" as well. However, the
       "since" goes into the column definition itself.

        column created_by =>
           refers_to Wifty::Model::User,
           since '0.0.20';

       Dropping a column from a model

       CAUTION: Be aware that all the data that was stored in this column will be destroyed at
       upgrade if you follow this procedure.

       If you no longer need a particular column in your model, you can have it dropped by
       setting the "till" property on your column definition.

        column extra_info
            type is 'text',
            label is 'Extra info',
            till '0.0.13';

       The version you use for "till" is the version the drop is effective. In the example above,
       the "extra_info" column will be available in version 0.0.12, but not in version 0.0.13.

       This column will be dropped from the schema at the next upgrade, which will destroy all
       data stored in that column.

       TODO Dropping a model

   Data migration and schema changes
       If a file called Upgrade.pm exists in your application it will be run by "jifty schema
       --setup".

       Upgrade.pm can be used to make any schema changes or to manipulate your applications data.

       At the very least your Upgrade.pm should contain the following:

        package MyApp::Upgrade;

        use base qw(Jifty::Upgrade);
        use Jifty::Upgrade qw( since rename );

        since '0.6.1' => sub {
           ....
        };

       The "since" function is where you do all the work.  Each "since" will be run in version
       order until the application is up to date.

       Renaming a column

       To rename a column, you need to make sure that your schema and upgrade script both
       cooperate in the process. Your schema will record changes to your model API and the
       upgrade script will tell Jifty about the rename.

       The old column name needs to marked with "till" to notify Jifty that the column name no
       longer exists. The new column name needs to marked with "since" to notify Jifty that a
       column by the new name exists.

       Here we are renaming "zip" to "postcode":

         column zip =>
             type is 'text',
             label is 'ZIP code',
             till '0.6.1';

         column postcode =>
             type is 'text',
             label is 'Postal code',
             since '0.6.1';

       Notice that both "since" and "till" have the same version number set. This is the version
       number the change will take place.

       Before you upgrade, though, you must tell Jifty that a rename is happening here, which is
       done in your upgrade script:

        use MyApp::Upgrade;

        use base qw(Jifty::Upgrade);
        use Jifty::Upgrade qw( since rename );

        since '0.6.1' => sub {
            rename(
                table   => 'MyApp::Model::User',
                column  => 'zip',
                to      => 'postcode'
            );
        };

       Migrating data

       You can perform any action you want inside the "since" blocks of your upgrade script. In
       the case of data migration, you might want to convert your data from one form to another.

       For example, let's say our users always gave us "first_name" and "last_name" before, but
       we've added a new column "display_name" which will normally contain their name in "last,
       first" format, but could be customized per-account. We want to go ahead and initialize
       this new column during the upgrade. In your upgrade script, you could add:

         since '0.2.4' => sub {
             my $users = MyApp::Model::UserCollection->new(
                 current_user => Jifty->app_class('CurrentUser')->superuser
             );
             $users->unlimit;

             while (my $user = $users->next) {
                 # error checks may save you from hours of debugging
                 my ($status, $msg) = $user->set_display_name(
                     join(', ', $user->last_name, $user->first_name)
                 );
                 Jifty->log->error("Couldn't change user record: $msg")
                     unless $status;
             }
         };

       Note that collection created using super user to pass ACL checks and other restrictions,
       if your models are protected from super user then you may have problems. See also
       Jifty::Manual::AccessControl.

SEE ALSO

       Jifty::Upgrade, Jifty::Script::Schema, Jifty::Manual::Models, Jifty::Manual::Tutorial,
       Jifty::Manual::Glossary