Provided by: tcl8.4-doc_8.4.20-7_all bug


       Tcl_CreateTrace, Tcl_CreateObjTrace, Tcl_DeleteTrace - arrange for command execution to be


       #include <tcl.h>

       Tcl_CreateTrace(interp, level, proc, clientData)

       Tcl_CreateObjTrace(interp, level, flags, objProc, clientData, deleteProc)

       Tcl_DeleteTrace(interp, trace)


       Tcl_Interp                  *interp          (in)      Interpreter containing  command  to
                                                              be traced or untraced.

       int                         level            (in)      Only  commands  at  or  below  this
                                                              nesting level will be traced unless
                                                              0  is specified.  1 means top-level
                                                              commands only,  2  means  top-level
                                                              commands  or those that are invoked
                                                              as   immediate   consequences    of
                                                              executing     top-level    commands
                                                              (procedure    bodies,     bracketed
                                                              commands, etc.) and so on.  A value
                                                              of 0 means  that  commands  at  any
                                                              level are traced.

       int                         flags            (in)      Flags     governing    the    trace
                                                              execution.  See below for details.

       Tcl_CmdObjTraceProc         *objProc         (in)      Procedure to call for each  command
                                                              that's  executed.   See  below  for
                                                              details of the calling sequence.

       Tcl_CmdTraceProc            *proc            (in)      Procedure to call for each  command
                                                              that's  executed.   See  below  for
                                                              details on the calling sequence.

       ClientData                  clientData       (in)      Arbitrary one-word value to pass to
                                                              objProc or proc.

       Tcl_CmdObjTraceDeleteProc   *deleteProc                Procedure to call when the trace is
                                                              deleted.  See below for details  of
                                                              the   calling   sequence.   A  NULL
                                                              pointer is permissible and  results
                                                              in  no  callback  when the trace is

       Tcl_Trace                   trace            (in)      Token  for  trace  to  be   removed
                                                              (return value from previous call to


       Tcl_CreateObjTrace arranges for command tracing.  After it  is  called,  objProc  will  be
       invoked before the Tcl interpreter calls any command procedure when evaluating commands in
       interp.  The return value from Tcl_CreateObjTrace is a token for the trace, which  may  be
       passed  to  Tcl_DeleteTrace  to  remove  the  trace.   There  may be many traces in effect
       simultaneously for the same interpreter.

       objProc should have arguments and result that match the type, Tcl_CmdObjTraceProc:
              typedef int Tcl_CmdObjTraceProc(
                  ClientData clientData,
                  Tcl_Interp* interp,
                  int level,
                  CONST char* command,
                  Tcl_Command commandToken,
                  int objc,
                  Tcl_Obj *CONST objv[] );
       The clientData and interp parameters are copies of the corresponding  arguments  given  to
       Tcl_CreateTrace.   ClientData  typically  points to an application-specific data structure
       that describes what to do when objProc is invoked.  The level parameter gives the  nesting
       level  of  the  command (1 for top-level commands passed to Tcl_Eval by the application, 2
       for the next-level commands passed to Tcl_Eval as part of parsing or interpreting  level-1
       commands,  and so on). The command parameter points to a string containing the text of the
       command, before any argument substitution.  The commandToken parameter is  a  Tcl  command
       token   that  identifies  the  command  to  be  invoked.   The  token  may  be  passed  to
       Tcl_GetCommandName,   Tcl_GetCommandInfoFromToken,   or   Tcl_SetCommandInfoFromToken   to
       manipulate the definition of the command. The objc and objv parameters designate the final
       parameter count and parameter vector that will be passed to the command, and have had  all
       substitutions performed.

       The  objProc  callback  is  expected to return a standard Tcl status return code.  If this
       code is TCL_OK (the normal case), then the Tcl interpreter will invoke the  command.   Any
       other  return  code  is treated as if the command returned that status, and the command is
       not invoked.

       The objProc callback must not modify objv in any way.   It  is,  however,  permissible  to
       change the command by calling Tcl_SetCommandTokenInfo prior to returning.  Any such change
       takes effect immediately, and the command is invoked with the new information.

       Tracing will only occur for commands at nesting level less than  or  equal  to  the  level
       parameter  (i.e.  the  level parameter to objProc will always be less than or equal to the
       level parameter to Tcl_CreateTrace).

       Tracing has a significant effect on runtime performance because  it  causes  the  bytecode
       compiler  to refrain from generating in-line code for Tcl commands such as if and while in
       order that they may be traced.  If traces for the built-in commands are not required,  the
       flags  parameter  may  be set to the constant value TCL_ALLOW_INLINE_COMPILATION.  In this
       case, traces on built-in commands may or may not result in trace callbacks,  depending  on
       the  state  of  the  interpreter, but run-time performance will be improved significantly.
       (This functionality is desirable, for example, when using Tcl_CreateObjTrace to  implement
       an execution time profiler.)

       Calls  to  objProc  will be made by the Tcl parser immediately before it calls the command
       procedure for the command (cmdProc).  This occurs after argument parsing and substitution,
       so  tracing  for substituted commands occurs before tracing of the commands containing the
       substitutions.  If there is a syntax error in  a  command,  or  if  there  is  no  command
       procedure associated with a command name, then no tracing will occur for that command.  If
       a string passed to Tcl_Eval contains multiple commands (bracketed, or on different  lines)
       then multiple calls to objProc will occur, one for each command.

       Tcl_DeleteTrace  removes  a  trace,  so that no future calls will be made to the procedure
       associated with the trace.  After Tcl_DeleteTrace returns, the caller should  never  again
       use the trace token.

       When  Tcl_DeleteTrace is called, the interpreter invokes the deleteProc that was passed as
       a   parameter   to   Tcl_CreateObjTrace.    The   deleteProc   must   match   the    type,
              typedef void Tcl_CmdObjTraceDeleteProc(
                  ClientData clientData
       The  clientData parameter will be the same as the clientData parameter that was originally
       passed to Tcl_CreateObjTrace.

       Tcl_CreateTrace is an alternative interface for command tracing, not recommended  for  new
       applications.   It is provided for backward compatibility with code that was developed for
       older versions of the Tcl interpreter.  It is similar to Tcl_CreateObjTrace,  except  that
       its proc parameter should have arguments and result that match the type Tcl_CmdTraceProc:
              typedef void Tcl_CmdTraceProc(
                ClientData clientData,
                Tcl_Interp *interp,
                int level,
                char *command,
                Tcl_CmdProc *cmdProc,
                ClientData cmdClientData,
                int argc,
                CONST char *argv[]);
       The  parameters  to  the proc callback are similar to those of the objProc callback above.
       The commandToken is replaced  with  cmdProc,  a  pointer  to  the  (string-based)  command
       procedure  that will be invoked; and cmdClientData, the client data that will be passed to
       the procedure.  The objc parameter is replaced with an  argv  parameter,  that  gives  the
       arguments  to  the command as character strings.  Proc must not modify the command or argv

       If a trace created with Tcl_CreateTrace is in effect, inline compilation of  Tcl  commands
       such  as  if  and while is always disabled.  There is no notification when a trace created
       with Tcl_CreateTrace is deleted.  There is no way to be notified when the trace created by
       Tcl_CreateTrace  is  deleted.   There  is  no  way  for the proc associated with a call to
       Tcl_CreateTrace to abort execution of command.


       command, create, delete, interpreter, trace