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bpextensions - interface for adding extensions to Bundle Protocol
ION's interface for extending the Bundle Protocol enables the definition of external functions that insert extension blocks into outbound bundles (either before or after the payload block), parse and record extension blocks in inbound bundles, and modify extension blocks at key points in bundle processing. All extension-block handling is statically linked into ION at build time, but the addition of an extension never requires that any standard ION source code be modified. Standard structures for recording extension blocks -- both in transient storage [memory] during bundle acquisition (AcqExtBlock) and in persistent storage [the ION database] during subsequent bundle processing (ExtensionBlock) -- are defined in the bpP.h header file. In each case, the extension block structure comprises a block type code, block processing flags, possibly a list of EID references, an array of bytes (the serialized form of the block, for transmission), the length of that array, optionally an extension- specific opaque object whose structure is designed to characterize the block in a manner that's convenient for the extension processing functions, and the size of that object. The definition of each extension is asserted in an ExtensionDef structure, also as defined in the bpP.h header file. Each ExtensionDef must supply: The name of the extension. (Used in some diagnostic messages.) The extension's block type code. An indication as to whether the local node is to insert this extension block before (0) or after (1) the payload block when new bundles are locally sourced. A pointer to an offer function. A pointer to a release function. A pointer to an accept function. A pointer to a check function. A pointer to a record function. A pointer to a clear function. A pointer to a copy function. A pointer to a function to be called when forwarding a bundle containing this sort of block. A pointer to a function to be called when taking custody of a bundle containing this sort of block. A pointer to a function to be called when enqueuing for transmission a bundle containing this sort of block. A pointer to a function to be called when a convergence-layer adapter dequeues a bundle containing this sort of block, before serializing it. A pointer to a function to be called immediately before a convergence-layer adapter transmits a bundle containing this sort of block, after the bundle has been serialized. All extension definitions must be coded into an array of ExtensionDef structures named extensions. The order of appearance of extension definitions in the extensions array determines the order in which extension blocks will be inserted into locally sourced bundles. The standard extensions array -- which is empty -- is in the noextensions.c prototype source file. The procedure for extending the Bundle Protocol in ION is as follows: 1. Specify -DBP_EXTENDED in the Makefile's compiler command line when building the libbpP.c library module. 2. Create a copy of the prototype extensions file, named "bpextensions.c", in a directory that is made visible to the Makefile's libbpP.c compilation command line (by a -I parameter). 3. In the "external function declarations" area of "bpextensions.c", add "extern" function declarations identifying the functions that will implement your extension (or extensions). 4. Add one or more ExtensionDef structure initialization lines to the extensions array, referencing those declared functions. 5. Develop the implementations of those functions in one or more new source code files. 6. Add the object file or files for the new extension implementation source file (or files) to the Makefile's command line for linking libbpP.so. The function pointers supplied in each ExtensionDef must conform to the following specifications. NOTE that any function that modifies the bytes member of an ExtensionBlock or AckExtBlock must set the corresponding length to the new length of the bytes array, if changed. int (*BpExtBlkOfferFn)(ExtensionBlock *blk, Bundle *bundle) Populates all fields of the indicated ExtensionBlock structure for inclusion in the indicated outbound bundle. This function is automatically called when a new bundle is locally sourced or upon acquisition of a remotely sourced bundle that does not contain an extension block of this type. The values of the extension block are typically expected to be a function of the state of the bundle, but this is extension-specific. If it is not appropriate to offer an extension block of this type as part of this bundle, then the size, length, object, and bytes members of blk must all be set to zero. If it is appropriate to offer such a block but no internal object representing the state of the block is needed, the object and size members of blk must be set to zero. The type, blkProcFlags, and dataLength members of blk must be populated by the implementation of the "offer" function, but the length and bytes members are typically populated by calling the BP library function serializeExtBlk(), which must be passed the block to be serialized (with type, blkProcFlags and dataLength already set), a Lyst of EID references (two list elements -- offsets -- per EID reference, if applicable; otherwise NULL), and a pointer to the extension-specific block data. The block's bytes array and object (if present) must occupy space allocated from the ION database heap. Return zero on success, -1 on any system failure. void (*BpExtBlkReleaseFn)(ExtensionBlock *blk) Releases all ION database space occupied by the object member of blk. This function is automatically called when a bundle is destroyed. Note that incorrect implementation of this function may result in a database space leak. int (*BpExtBlkRecordFn)(ExtensionBlock *blk, AcqExtBlock *acqblk) Copies the object member of acqblk to ION database heap space and places the address of that non-volatile object in the object member of blk; also sets size in blk. This function is automatically called when an acquired bundle is accepted for forwarding and/or delivery. Return zero on success, -1 on any system failure. int (*BpExtBlkCopyFn)(ExtensionBlock *newblk, ExtensionBlock *oldblk) Copies the object member of oldblk to ION database heap space and places the address of that new non-volatile object in the object member of newblk, also sets size in newblk. This function is automatically called when two copies of a bundle are needed, e.g., in the event that it must both be delivered to a local client and also fowarded to another node. Return zero on success, -1 on any system failure. int (*BpExtBlkProcessFn)(ExtensionBlock *blk, Bundle *bundle, void *context) Performs some extension-specific transformation of the data encapsulated in blk based on the state of bundle. The transformation to be performed will typically vary depending on whether the identified function is the one that is automatically invoked upon forwarding the bundle, upon taking custody of the bundle, upon enqueuing the bundle for transmission, upon removing the bundle from the transmission queue, or upon transmitting the serialized bundle. The context argument may supply useful supplemental information; in particular, the context provided to the ON_DEQUEUE function will comprise the name of the protocol for the duct from which the bundle has been dequeued, together with the EID of the neighboring node endpoint to which the bundle will be directly transmitted when serialized. The block-specific data in blk is located within bytes immediately after the header of the extension block; the length of the block's header is the difference between length and dataLength. Whenever the block's blkProcFlags, EID extensions, and/or block-specific data are altered, the serializeExtBlk() function should be called again to recalculate the size of the extension block and rebuild the bytes array. Return zero on success, -1 on any system failure. int (*BpAcqExtBlkAcquireFn)(AcqExtBlock *acqblk, AcqWorkArea *work) Populates the indicated AcqExtBlock structure with size and object for retention as part of the indicated inbound bundle. (The type, blkProcFlags, EID references (if any), dataLength, length, and bytes values of the structure are pre-populated with data as extracted from the serialized bundle.) This function is automatically called when an extension block of this type is encountered in the course of parsing and acquiring a bundle for local delivery and/or forwarding. If no internal object representing the state of the block is needed, the object member of acqblk must be set to NULL and the size member must be set to zero. If an object is needed for this block, it must occupy space that is allocated from ION working memory using MTAKE and its size must be indicated in blk. Return zero if the block is malformed (this will cause the bundle to be discarded), 1 if the block is successfully parsed, -1 on any system failure. int (*BpAcqExtBlkCheckFn)(AcqExtBlock *acqblk, AcqWorkArea *work) Examines the bundle in work to determine whether or not it is authentic, in the context of the indicated extension block. Return 1 if the block is determined to be inauthentic (this will cause the bundle to be discarded), zero if no inauthenticity is detected, -1 on any system failure. void (*BpAcqExtBlkClearFn)(AcqExtBlock *acqblk) Uses MRELEASE to release all ION working memory occupied by the object member of acqblk. This function is automatically called when acquisition of a bundle is completed, whether or not the bundle is accepted. Note that incorrect implementation of this function may result in a working memory leak. UTILITY FUNCTIONS FOR EXTENSION PROCESSING void discardExtensionBlock(AcqExtBlock *blk) Deletes this block from the bundle acquisition work area prior to the recording of the bundle in the ION database. void scratchExtensionBlock(ExtensionBlock *blk) Deletes this block from the bundle after the bundle has been recorded in the ION database. Object findExtensionBlock(Bundle *bundle, unsigned int type, unsigned int listIdx) On success, returns the address of the ExtensionBlock in bundle for the indicated type and listIdx. If no such extension block exists, returns zero. int serializeExtBlk(ExtensionBlock *blk, Lyst eidReferences, char *blockData) Constructs an RFC5050-conformant serialized representation of this extension block in blk->bytes. Returns 0 on success, -1 on an unrecoverable system error. void suppressExtensionBlock(ExtensionBlock *blk) Causes blk to be omitted when the bundle to which it is attached is serialized for transmission. This suppression remains in effect until it is reversed by restoreExtensionBlock(); void restoreExtensionBlock(ExtensionBlock *blk) Reverses the effect of suppressExtensionBlock(), enabling the block to be included when the bundle to which it is attached is serialized.